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c++boost.gif Basic Linear Algebra

uBLAS is a C++ template class library that provides BLAS level 1, 2, 3 functionality for dense, packed and sparse matrices. The design and implementation unify mathematical notation via operator overloading and efficient code generation via expression templates.

Functionality

uBLAS provides templated C++ classes for dense, unit and sparse vectors, dense, identity, triangular, banded, symmetric, hermitian and sparse matrices. Views into vectors and matrices can be constructed via ranges or slices and adaptor classes. The library covers the usual basic linear algebra operations on vectors and matrices: reductions like different norms, addition and subtraction of vectors and matrices and multiplication with a scalar, inner and outer products of vectors, matrix vector and matrix matrix products and triangular solver. The glue between containers, views and expression templated operations is a mostly STL conforming iterator interface.

Dense, packed and sparse matrix classes are being tested with the CLAPACK test suite.

Known limitations:

Documentation

Supported Platforms

As main development platform for uBLAS we used MSVC 6.0 with Dinkumware STL. Other compilers known to accept the library are

For possible problems please consider to consult the Boost regression tests.

Download

You can download the latest release of the source code from here . Prerequisite is the latest stable release of the Boost libraries Configuration, MetaProgramming, TypeTraits, Timer and optionally SmartPointer.

CVS Access

You can also check out the latest version via anonymous CVS. Here's how:

 cvs -d:pserver:anonymous@cvs.boost.sourceforge.net:/cvsroot/boost login
(password is empty)
cvs -d:pserver:anonymous@cvs.boost.sourceforge.net:/cvsroot/boost checkout boost/boost/numeric/ublas
cvs -d:pserver:anonymous@cvs.boost.sourceforge.net:/cvsroot/boost checkout boost/libs/numeric/ublas

If you have gzip installed on your system, you can speed up the transfer using

 cvs -d:pserver:anonymous@cvs.boost.sourceforge.net:/cvsroot/boost -z9 checkout boost/boost/numeric/ublas
cvs -d:pserver:anonymous@cvs.boost.sourceforge.net:/cvsroot/boost -z9 checkout boost/libs/numeric/ublas

You can also view the CVS archive. You may find the library here . Documentation and test programs reside here .

Mailing lists

uBLAS has a dedicated mailing list .

Authors and Credits

uBLAS initially was written by Joerg Walter and Mathias Koch. We would like to thank all, which supported and contributed to the development of this library: David Abrahams, Ed Brey, Fernando Cacciola, Juan Jose Gomez Cadenas, Beman Dawes, Matt Davies, Bob Fletcher, Kresimir Fresl, Joachim Kessel, Patrick Kowalzick, Toon Knapen, Hendrik Kueck, John Maddock, Jens Maurer, Alexei Novakov, Gary Powell, Joachim Pyras, Peter Schmitteckert, Jeremy Siek, Markus Steffl, Michael Stevens, Benedikt Weber, Martin Weiser, Gunter Winkler, Marc Zimmermann and the members of Boost

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: I'm running the uBLAS dense vector and matrix benchmarks. Why do I see a significant performance difference between the native C and library implementations?
A: uBLAS distinguishes debug mode (size and type conformance checks enabled, expression templates disabled) and release mode (size and type conformance checks disabled, expression templates enabled). Please check, if the preprocessor symbol NDEBUG of cassert is defined. NDEBUG enables release mode, which in turn uses expression templates.

Q: I've written some uBLAS tests, which try to incorrectly assign different matrix types or overrun vector and matrix dimensions. Why don't I get a compile time or runtime diagnostic?
A: uBLAS distinguishes debug mode (size and type conformance checks enabled, expression templates disabled) and release mode (size and type conformance checks disabled, expression templates enabled). Please check, if the preprocessor symbol NDEBUG of cassert is defined. NDEBUG disables debug mode, which is needed to get size and type conformance checks.

Q: I've written some uBLAS benchmarks to measure the performance of matrix chain multiplications like prod (A, prod (B, C)) and see a significant performance penalty due to the use of expression templates. How can I disable expression templates?
A: You do not need to disable expression templates. Please try reintroducing temporaries using either prod (A, matrix_type (prod (B, C))) or prod (A, prod<matrix_type > (B, C)).


Copyright (©) 2000-2002 Joerg Walter, Mathias Koch
Permission to copy, use, modify, sell and distribute this document is granted provided this copyright notice appears in all copies. This document is provided ``as is'' without express or implied warranty, and with no claim as to its suitability for any purpose.

Last revised: 1/15/2003