Boost C++ Libraries

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C++ Boost

Boost.Python

Header <boost/python/handle.hpp>


Contents

Introduction
Classes
Class template handle
Class handle synopsis
Class handle constructors and destructor
Class handle modifier functions
Class handle observer functions
Functions
borrowed
allow_null

Introduction

<boost/python/handle.hpp> provides class template handle, a smart pointer for managing reference-counted Python objects.

Classes

Class template handle

handle is a smart pointer to a Python object type; it holds a pointer of type T*, where T is its template parameter. T must be either a type derived from PyObject or a POD type whose initial sizeof(PyObject) bytes are layout-compatible with PyObject. Use handle<> at the boundary between the Python/'C' API and high-level code; prefer object for a generalized interface to Python objects.

In this document, the term "upcast" refers to an operation which converts a pointer Y* to a base class pointer T* via static_cast<T*> if Y is derived from T, or via C-style cast (T*) if it is not. However, in the latter case the "upcast" is ill-formed if the initial sizeof(PyObject) bytes of Y are not layout-compatible with PyObject.

Class template handle synopsis

namespace boost { namespace python
{
  template <class T>
  class handle
  {
      typedef unspecified-member-function-pointer bool_type;

   public: // types
      typedef T element_type;

   public: // member functions
      ~handle();

      template <class Y>
      explicit handle(detail::borrowed<null_ok<Y> >* p);

      template <class Y>
      explicit handle(null_ok<detail::borrowed<Y> >* p);

      template <class Y>
      explicit handle(detail::borrowed<Y>* p);

      template <class Y>
      explicit handle(null_ok<Y>* p);

      template <class Y>
      explicit handle(Y* p);

      handle();

      handle& operator=(handle const& r);

      template<typename Y>
      handle& operator=(handle<Y> const & r); // never throws


      template <typename Y>
      handle(handle<Y> const& r);

      handle(handle const& r);

      T* operator-> () const;
      T& operator* () const;
      T* get() const;
      void reset();
      T* release();

      operator bool_type() const; // never throws
   private:
      T* m_p;
  };
  
  template <class T> struct null_ok;
  namespace detail { template <class T> struct borrowed; }
}}

Class handle constructors and destructor

virtual ~handle();
Effects: Py_XDECREF(upcast<PyObject*>(m_p))
template <class Y>
explicit handle(detail::borrowed<null_ok<Y> >* p);
Effects: Py_XINCREF(upcast<PyObject*>(p)); m_p = upcast<T*>(p);
template <class Y>
explicit handle(null_ok<detail::borrowed<Y> >* p);
Effects: Py_XINCREF(upcast<PyObject*>(p)); m_p = upcast<T*>(p);
template <class Y>
explicit handle(detail::borrowed<Y>* p);
Effects: Py_XINCREF(upcast<PyObject*>(p)); m_p = upcast<T*>(expect_non_null(p));
template <class Y>
explicit handle(null_ok<Y>* p);
Effects: m_p = upcast<T*>(p);
template <class Y>
explicit handle(Y* p);
Effects: m_p = upcast<T*>(expect_non_null(p));
handle();
Effects: m_p = 0;
template <typename Y>
handle(handle<Y> const& r);
handle(handle const& r);
Effects: m_p = r.m_p; Py_XINCREF(upcast<PyObject*>(m_p));

Class handle modifiers

handle& operator=(handle const& r);
template<typename Y>
handle& operator=(handle<Y> const & r); // never throws
Effects: Py_XINCREF(upcast<PyObject*>(r.m_p)); Py_XDECREF( upcast<PyObject*>(m_p)); m_p = r.m_p;
T* release();
Effects: T* x = m_p; m_p = 0;return x;
void reset();
Effects: *this = handle<T>();

Class handle observers

T* operator-> () const;
T* get() const;
Returns: m_p;
T& operator* () const;
Returns: *m_p;
operator bool_type() const; // never throws
Returns: 0 if m_p == 0, a pointer convertible to true otherwise.

Functions

borrowed

template <class T>
detail::borrowed<T>* borrowed(T* p)
{
    return (detail::borrowed<T>*)p;
}

allow_null

template <class T>
null_ok<T>* allow_null(T* p)
{
    return (null_ok<T>*)p;
}

Revised 13 November, 2002

© Copyright Dave Abrahams 2002. All Rights Reserved.