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boost/system/error_code.hpp

//  boost/system/error_code.hpp  ---------------------------------------------//

//  Copyright Beman Dawes 2006, 2007
//  Copyright Christoper Kohlhoff 2007

//  Distributed under the Boost Software License, Version 1.0. (See accompanying
//  file LICENSE_1_0.txt or copy at http://www.boost.org/LICENSE_1_0.txt)

//  See library home page at http://www.boost.org/libs/system

#ifndef BOOST_ERROR_CODE_HPP
#define BOOST_ERROR_CODE_HPP

#include <boost/system/config.hpp>
#include <boost/cstdint.hpp>
#include <boost/assert.hpp>
#include <boost/operators.hpp>
#include <boost/noncopyable.hpp>
#include <boost/utility/enable_if.hpp>
#include <ostream>
#include <string>
#include <stdexcept>
#include <functional>

// TODO: undef these macros if not already defined
#include <boost/cerrno.hpp> 

#if !defined(BOOST_POSIX_API) && !defined(BOOST_WINDOWS_API)
#  error BOOST_POSIX_API or BOOST_WINDOWS_API must be defined
#endif

#include <boost/config/abi_prefix.hpp> // must be the last #include

namespace boost
{
  namespace system
  {

    class error_code;
    class error_condition;

    //  "Concept" helpers  ---------------------------------------------------//

    template< class T >
    struct is_error_code_enum { static const bool value = false; };

    template< class T >
    struct is_error_condition_enum { static const bool value = false; };

    //  portable error_conditions  -------------------------------------------//

    namespace posix_error
    {
      enum posix_errno
      {
        success = 0,
        address_family_not_supported = EAFNOSUPPORT,
        address_in_use = EADDRINUSE,
        address_not_available = EADDRNOTAVAIL,
        already_connected = EISCONN,
        argument_list_too_long = E2BIG,
        argument_out_of_domain = EDOM,
        bad_address = EFAULT,
        bad_file_descriptor = EBADF,
        bad_message = EBADMSG,
        broken_pipe = EPIPE,
        connection_aborted = ECONNABORTED,
        connection_already_in_progress = EALREADY,
        connection_refused = ECONNREFUSED,
        connection_reset = ECONNRESET,
        cross_device_link = EXDEV,
        destination_address_required = EDESTADDRREQ,
        device_or_resource_busy = EBUSY,
        directory_not_empty = ENOTEMPTY,
        executable_format_error = ENOEXEC,
        file_exists = EEXIST,
        file_too_large = EFBIG,
        filename_too_long = ENAMETOOLONG,
        function_not_supported = ENOSYS,
        host_unreachable = EHOSTUNREACH,
        identifier_removed = EIDRM,
        illegal_byte_sequence = EILSEQ,
        inappropriate_io_control_operation = ENOTTY,
        interrupted = EINTR,
        invalid_argument = EINVAL,
        invalid_seek = ESPIPE,
        io_error = EIO,
        is_a_directory = EISDIR,
        message_size = EMSGSIZE,
        network_down = ENETDOWN,
        network_reset = ENETRESET,
        network_unreachable = ENETUNREACH,
        no_buffer_space = ENOBUFS,
        no_child_process = ECHILD,
        no_link = ENOLINK,
        no_lock_available = ENOLCK,
        no_message_available = ENODATA,
        no_message = ENOMSG,
        no_protocol_option = ENOPROTOOPT,
        no_space_on_device = ENOSPC,
        no_stream_resources = ENOSR,
        no_such_device_or_address = ENXIO,
        no_such_device = ENODEV,
        no_such_file_or_directory = ENOENT,
        no_such_process = ESRCH,
        not_a_directory = ENOTDIR,
        not_a_socket = ENOTSOCK,
        not_a_stream = ENOSTR,
        not_connected = ENOTCONN,
        not_enough_memory = ENOMEM,
        not_supported = ENOTSUP,
        operation_canceled = ECANCELED,
        operation_in_progress = EINPROGRESS,
        operation_not_permitted = EPERM,
        operation_not_supported = EOPNOTSUPP,
        operation_would_block = EWOULDBLOCK,
        owner_dead = EOWNERDEAD,
        permission_denied = EACCES,
        protocol_error = EPROTO,
        protocol_not_supported = EPROTONOSUPPORT,
        read_only_file_system = EROFS,
        resource_deadlock_would_occur = EDEADLK,
        resource_unavailable_try_again = EAGAIN,
        result_out_of_range = ERANGE,
        state_not_recoverable = ENOTRECOVERABLE,
        stream_timeout = ETIME,
        text_file_busy = ETXTBSY,
        timed_out = ETIMEDOUT,
        too_many_files_open_in_system = ENFILE,
        too_many_files_open = EMFILE,
        too_many_links = EMLINK,
        too_many_synbolic_link_levels = ELOOP,
        value_too_large = EOVERFLOW,
        wrong_protocol_type = EPROTOTYPE
      };

    } // namespace posix_error

# ifndef BOOST_SYSTEM_NO_DEPRECATED
    namespace posix = posix_error;
# endif

    template<> struct is_error_condition_enum<posix_error::posix_errno>
      { static const bool value = true; };


    //  ----------------------------------------------------------------------//

    //  Operating system specific interfaces  --------------------------------//


    //  The interface is divided into general and system-specific portions to
    //  meet these requirements:
    //
    //  * Code calling an operating system API can create an error_code with
    //    a single category (system_category), even for POSIX-like operating
    //    systems that return some POSIX errno values and some native errno
    //    values. This code should not have to pay the cost of distinguishing
    //    between categories, since it is not yet known if that is needed.
    //
    //  * Users wishing to write system-specific code should be given enums for
    //    at least the common error cases.
    //
    //  * System specific code should fail at compile time if moved to another
    //    operating system.

    //  The system specific portions of the interface are located in headers
    //  with names reflecting the operating system. For example,
    //
    //       <boost/system/cygwin_error.hpp>
    //       <boost/system/linux_error.hpp>
    //       <boost/system/windows_error.hpp>
    //
    //  These headers are effectively empty for compiles on operating systems
    //  where they are not applicable.

    //  ----------------------------------------------------------------------//

    //  class error_category  ------------------------------------------------//

    class error_category : public noncopyable
    {
    public:
      virtual ~error_category(){}
      virtual inline const char *    name() const;  // see implementation note below
      virtual inline std::string     message( int ev ) const;   // see implementation note below
      virtual inline error_condition default_error_condition( int ev ) const;
      virtual inline bool equivalent( int code, const error_condition & condition ) const;
      virtual inline bool equivalent( const error_code & code, int condition ) const;

      bool operator==(const error_category & rhs) const { return this == &rhs; }
      bool operator!=(const error_category & rhs) const { return this != &rhs; }
      bool operator<( const error_category & rhs ) const
      {
        return std::less<const error_category*>()( this, &rhs );
      }
    };

    //  predefined error categories  -----------------------------------------//

    BOOST_SYSTEM_DECL const error_category &  get_system_category();
    BOOST_SYSTEM_DECL const error_category &  get_posix_category();

    static const error_category &  system_category = get_system_category();
    static const error_category &  posix_category = get_posix_category();
    
# ifndef BOOST_SYSTEM_NO_DEPRECATED
    //  deprecated synonyms
    static const error_category &  errno_ecat  = get_posix_category();
    static const error_category &  native_ecat = get_system_category();
# endif

    //  class error_condition  -----------------------------------------------//

    //  error_conditions are portable, error_codes are system or lib specific

    class error_condition
    {
    public:

      // constructors:
      error_condition() : m_val(0), m_cat(&get_posix_category()) {}
      error_condition( int val, const error_category & cat ) : m_val(val), m_cat(&cat) {}

      template <class ConditionEnum>
        error_condition(ConditionEnum e,
          typename boost::enable_if<is_error_condition_enum<ConditionEnum> >::type* = 0)
      {
        *this = make_error_condition(e);
      }

      // modifiers:

      void assign( int val, const error_category & cat )
      { 
        m_val = val;
        m_cat = &cat;
      }
                                             
      template<typename ConditionEnum>
        typename boost::enable_if<is_error_condition_enum<ConditionEnum>, error_condition>::type &
          operator=( ConditionEnum val )
      { 
        *this = make_error_condition(val);
        return *this;
      }

      void clear()
      {
        m_val = 0;
        m_cat = &get_posix_category();
      }

      // observers:
      int                     value() const    { return m_val; }
      const error_category &  category() const { return *m_cat; }
      std::string             message() const  { return m_cat->message(value()); }

      typedef void (*unspecified_bool_type)();
      static void unspecified_bool_true() {}

      operator unspecified_bool_type() const  // true if error
      { 
        return m_val == 0 ? 0 : unspecified_bool_true;
      }

      bool operator!() const  // true if no error
      {
        return m_val == 0;
      }

      // relationals:
      //  the more symmetrical non-member syntax allows enum
      //  conversions work for both rhs and lhs.
      inline friend bool operator==( const error_condition & lhs,
                                     const error_condition & rhs )
      {
        return lhs.m_cat == rhs.m_cat && lhs.m_val == rhs.m_val;
      }                  

      inline friend bool operator<( const error_condition & lhs,
                                    const error_condition & rhs )
        //  the more symmetrical non-member syntax allows enum
        //  conversions work for both rhs and lhs.
      {
        return lhs.m_cat < rhs.m_cat
          || (lhs.m_cat == rhs.m_cat && lhs.m_val < rhs.m_val);
      }

    private:
      int                     m_val;
      const error_category *  m_cat;

    };

    //  class error_code  ----------------------------------------------------//

    //  We want error_code to be a value type that can be copied without slicing
    //  and without requiring heap allocation, but we also want it to have
    //  polymorphic behavior based on the error category. This is achieved by
    //  abstract base class error_category supplying the polymorphic behavior,
    //  and error_code containing a pointer to an object of a type derived
    //  from error_category.
    class error_code
    {
    public:

      // constructors:
      error_code() : m_val(0), m_cat(&get_system_category()) {}
      error_code( int val, const error_category & cat ) : m_val(val), m_cat(&cat) {}

      template <class CodeEnum>
        error_code(CodeEnum e,
          typename boost::enable_if<is_error_code_enum<CodeEnum> >::type* = 0)
      {
        *this = make_error_code(e);
      }

      // modifiers:
      void assign( int val, const error_category & cat )
      { 
        m_val = val;
        m_cat = &cat;
      }
                                             
      template<typename CodeEnum>
        typename boost::enable_if<is_error_code_enum<CodeEnum>, error_code>::type &
          operator=( CodeEnum val )
      { 
        *this = make_error_code(val);
        return *this;
      }

      void clear()
      {
        m_val = 0;
        m_cat = &get_system_category();
      }

      // observers:
      int                     value() const    { return m_val; }
      const error_category &  category() const { return *m_cat; }
      error_condition         default_error_condition() const  { return m_cat->default_error_condition(value()); }
      std::string             message() const  { return m_cat->message(value()); }

      typedef void (*unspecified_bool_type)();
      static void unspecified_bool_true() {}

      operator unspecified_bool_type() const  // true if error
      { 
        return m_val == 0 ? 0 : unspecified_bool_true;
      }

      bool operator!() const  // true if no error
      {
        return m_val == 0;
      }

      // relationals:
      inline friend bool operator==( const error_code & lhs,
                                     const error_code & rhs )
        //  the more symmetrical non-member syntax allows enum
        //  conversions work for both rhs and lhs.
      {
        return lhs.m_cat == rhs.m_cat && lhs.m_val == rhs.m_val;
      }

      inline friend bool operator<( const error_code & lhs,
                                    const error_code & rhs )
        //  the more symmetrical non-member syntax allows enum
        //  conversions work for both rhs and lhs.
      {
        return lhs.m_cat < rhs.m_cat
          || (lhs.m_cat == rhs.m_cat && lhs.m_val < rhs.m_val);
      }
                  
      private:
      int                     m_val;
      const error_category *  m_cat;

    };

    //  non-member functions  ------------------------------------------------//

    inline bool operator!=( const error_code & lhs,
                            const error_code & rhs )
    {
      return !(lhs == rhs);
    }

    inline bool operator!=( const error_condition & lhs,
                            const error_condition & rhs )
    {
      return !(lhs == rhs);
    }

    inline bool operator==( const error_code & code,
                            const error_condition & condition )
    {
      return code.category().equivalent( code.value(), condition )
        || condition.category().equivalent( code, condition.value() );
    }
                
    inline bool operator!=( const error_code & lhs,
                            const error_condition & rhs )
    {
      return !(lhs == rhs);
    }
                
    inline bool operator==( const error_condition & condition,
                            const error_code & code )
    {
      return condition.category().equivalent( code, condition.value() )
        || code.category().equivalent( code.value(), condition );
    }
                
    inline bool operator!=( const error_condition & lhs,
                            const error_code & rhs )
    {
      return !(lhs == rhs);
    }
                  
    // TODO: both of these may move elsewhere, but the LWG hasn't spoken yet.

    template <class charT, class traits>
    inline std::basic_ostream<charT,traits>&
      operator<< (std::basic_ostream<charT,traits>& os, error_code ec)
    {
      os << ec.category().name() << ':' << ec.value();
      return os;
    }

    inline std::size_t hash_value( const error_code & ec )
    {
      return static_cast<std::size_t>(ec.value())
        + reinterpret_cast<std::size_t>(&ec.category());
    }

    //  make_* functions for posix_error::posix_errno  -----------------------------//

    namespace posix_error
    {
      //  explicit conversion:
      inline error_code make_error_code( posix_errno e )
        { return error_code( e, get_posix_category() ); }

      //  implicit conversion:
      inline error_condition make_error_condition( posix_errno e )
        { return error_condition( e, get_posix_category() ); }
    }

    //  error_category default implementation  -------------------------------//

    inline error_condition error_category::default_error_condition( int ev ) const
    { 
      return error_condition( ev, *this );
    }

    inline bool error_category::equivalent( int code,
      const error_condition & condition ) const
    {
      return default_error_condition( code ) == condition;
    }

    inline bool error_category::equivalent( const error_code & code,
      int condition ) const
    {
      return *this == code.category() && code.value() == condition;
    }

    //  error_category implementation note: VC++ 8.0 objects to name() and
    //  message() being pure virtual functions. Thus these implementations.
    inline const char * error_category::name() const
    { 
      return "error: should never be called";
    }

    inline std::string error_category::message( int ) const
    { 
      static std::string s("error: should never be called");
      return s;
    }

  } // namespace system
} // namespace boost

#include <boost/config/abi_suffix.hpp> // pops abi_prefix.hpp pragmas

# ifdef BOOST_ERROR_CODE_HEADER_ONLY
#   include <boost/../libs/system/src/error_code.cpp>
# endif

#endif // BOOST_ERROR_CODE_HPP