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Options for POSIX Basic Regular Expressions

Exactly one of the following must always be set for POSIX basic regular expressions:

Element

Standardized

Effect When Set

basic

Yes

Specifies that the grammar recognized by the regular expression engine is the same as that used by POSIX basic regular expressions in IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX ), Base Definitions and Headers, Section 9, Regular Expressions (FWD.1).

sed

No

As Above.

grep

Yes

Specifies that the grammar recognized by the regular expression engine is the same as that used by POSIX utility grep in IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX ), Shells and Utilities, Section 4, Utilit\ies, grep (FWD.1).

That is to say, the same as POSIX basic syntax, but with the newline character acting as an alternation character; the expression is treated as a newline separated list of alternatives.

emacs

No

Specifies that the grammar recognised is the superset of the POSIX-Basic syntax used by the emacs program.

The following options may also be set when using POSIX basic regular expressions:

Element

Standardized

Effect when set

icase

Yes

Specifies that matching of regular expressions against a character container sequence shall be performed without regard to case.

nosubs

Yes

Specifies that when a regular expression is matched against a character container sequence, then no sub-expression matches are to be stored in the supplied match_results structure.

optimize

Yes

Specifies that the regular expression engine should pay more attention to the speed with which regular expressions are matched, and less to the speed with which regular expression objects are constructed. Otherwise it has no detectable effect on the program output. This currently has no effect for Boost.Regex.

collate

Yes

Specifies that character ranges of the form [a-b] should be locale sensitive. This bit is on by default for POSIX-Basic regular expressions, but can be unset to force ranges to be compared by code point only.

newline_alt

No

Specifies that the \n character has the same effect as the alternation operator |. Allows newline separated lists to be used as a list of alternatives. This bit is already set, if you use the grep option.

no_char_classes

No

When set then character classes such as [[:alnum:]] are not allowed.

no_escape_in_lists

No

When set this makes the escape character ordinary inside lists, so that [\b] would match either '\' or 'b'. This bit is on by default for POSIX-basic regular expressions, but can be unset to force escapes to be recognised inside lists.

no_intervals

No

When set then bounded repeats such as a{2,3} are not permitted.

bk_plus_qm

No

When set then \? acts as a zero-or-one repeat operator, and \+ acts as a one-or-more repeat operator.

bk_vbar

No

When set then \| acts as the alternation operator.

no_except

No

Prevents basic_regex from throwing an exception when an invalid expression is encountered.


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