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boost/iostreams/device/mapped_file.hpp

// (C) Copyright 2008 CodeRage, LLC (turkanis at coderage dot com)
// (C) Copyright 2003-2007 Jonathan Turkanis
// (C) Copyright Craig Henderson 2002.   'boost/memmap.hpp' from sandbox
// Distributed under the Boost Software License, Version 1.0. (See accompanying
// file LICENSE_1_0.txt or copy at http://www.boost.org/LICENSE_1_0.txt.)

// See http://www.boost.org/libs/iostreams for documentation.

//
// This header and its accompanying source file libs/iostreams/memmap.cpp are
// an adaptation of Craig Henderson's memmory mapped file library. The
// interface has been revised significantly, but the underlying OS-specific
// code is essentially the same, with some code from Boost.Filesystem
// mixed in. (See notations in source.)
//
// The following changes have been made:
//
// 1. OS-specific code put in a .cpp file.
// 2. Name of main class changed to mapped_file.
// 3. mapped_file given an interface similar to std::fstream (open(),
//    is_open(), close()) and std::string (data(), size(), begin(), end()).
// 4. An additional class readonly_mapped_file has been provided as a
//    convenience.
// 5. [Obsolete: Error states are reported using filesystem::error_code.]
// 6. Read-only or read-write states are specified using ios_base::openmode.
// 7. Access to the underlying file handles and to security parameters
//    has been removed.
//

#ifndef BOOST_IOSTREAMS_MAPPED_FILE_HPP_INCLUDED
#define BOOST_IOSTREAMS_MAPPED_FILE_HPP_INCLUDED

#if defined(_MSC_VER) && (_MSC_VER >= 1020)
# pragma once
#endif

#include <boost/config.hpp>                   // make sure size_t is in std.
#include <cstddef>                            // size_t.
#include <string>                             // pathnames.
#include <utility>                            // pair.
#include <boost/config.hpp>                   // BOOST_MSVC.
#include <boost/detail/workaround.hpp>
#include <boost/iostreams/close.hpp>
#include <boost/iostreams/concepts.hpp>
#include <boost/iostreams/detail/config/auto_link.hpp>
#include <boost/iostreams/detail/config/dyn_link.hpp>
#include <boost/iostreams/detail/ios.hpp>     // openmode.
#include <boost/iostreams/operations_fwd.hpp>
#include <boost/iostreams/positioning.hpp>
#include <boost/shared_ptr.hpp>

// Must come last.
#include <boost/iostreams/detail/config/disable_warnings.hpp>
#include <boost/config/abi_prefix.hpp>

namespace boost { namespace iostreams {

namespace detail {

struct mapped_file_impl;

} // End namespace detail.

struct mapped_file_params {
    explicit mapped_file_params()
    #if BOOST_WORKAROUND(BOOST_MSVC, < 1400) && defined(BOOST_RWSTD_VER) || \
        defined(__BORLANDC__) && defined(_CPPLIB_VER)
        /**/
        : mode(std::ios_base::openmode(0)),
    #else
        : mode(),
    #endif
          offset(0), length(static_cast<std::size_t>(-1)),
          new_file_size(0), hint(0)
        { }
    explicit mapped_file_params(const std::string& path)
        : path(path),
    #if BOOST_WORKAROUND(BOOST_MSVC, < 1400) && defined(BOOST_RWSTD_VER) || \
        defined(__BORLANDC__) && defined(_CPPLIB_VER)
          mode(std::ios_base::openmode(0)),
    #else
          mode(),
    #endif
          offset(0), length(static_cast<std::size_t>(-1)),
          new_file_size(0), hint(0)
        { }
    std::string          path;
    BOOST_IOS::openmode  mode;
    stream_offset        offset;
    std::size_t          length;
    stream_offset        new_file_size;
    const char*          hint;
};

//------------------Definition of mapped_file_source--------------------------//

class BOOST_IOSTREAMS_DECL mapped_file_source {
private:
    struct safe_bool_helper { int x; };         // From Bronek Kozicki.
    typedef int safe_bool_helper::* safe_bool;
    friend struct operations<mapped_file_source>;
public:
    typedef char               char_type;
    struct category
        : public source_tag,
          public direct_tag,
          public closable_tag
        { };
    typedef std::size_t        size_type;
    typedef const char*        iterator;
    BOOST_STATIC_CONSTANT(size_type, max_length = static_cast<size_type>(-1));

    mapped_file_source() { }
    explicit mapped_file_source(mapped_file_params);
    explicit mapped_file_source( const std::string& path,
                                 size_type length = max_length,
                                 boost::intmax_t offset = 0 );

    //--------------Stream interface------------------------------------------//

    void open(mapped_file_params params);
    void open( const std::string& path,
               size_type length = max_length,
               boost::intmax_t offset = 0 );
    bool is_open() const;
    void close();

    operator safe_bool() const;
    bool operator!() const;
    BOOST_IOS::openmode mode() const;

    //--------------Container interface---------------------------------------//

    size_type size() const;
    const char* data() const;
    iterator begin() const;
    iterator end() const;

    //--------------Query admissible offsets----------------------------------//

    // Returns the allocation granularity for virtual memory. Values passed
    // as offsets must be multiples of this value.
    static int alignment();
private:
    friend class mapped_file;
    typedef detail::mapped_file_impl impl_type;
    void open_impl(mapped_file_params);

    boost::shared_ptr<impl_type> pimpl_;
};

//------------------Definition of mapped_file---------------------------------//

class BOOST_IOSTREAMS_DECL mapped_file {
private:
    typedef mapped_file_source delegate_type;
    delegate_type delegate_;
    friend struct operations<mapped_file>;
public:
    typedef char                           char_type;
    struct category
        : public seekable_device_tag,
          public direct_tag,
          public closable_tag
        { };
    typedef mapped_file_source::size_type  size_type;
    typedef char*                          iterator;
    typedef const char*                    const_iterator;
    BOOST_STATIC_CONSTANT(size_type, max_length = delegate_type::max_length);
    mapped_file() { }
    explicit mapped_file(mapped_file_params p);
    explicit mapped_file( const std::string& path,
                          BOOST_IOS::openmode mode =
                              BOOST_IOS::in | BOOST_IOS::out,
                          size_type length = max_length,
                          stream_offset offset = 0 );

    //--------------Conversion to readonly_mapped_file------------------------//

    operator mapped_file_source&() { return delegate_; }
    operator const mapped_file_source&() const { return delegate_; }

    //--------------Stream interface------------------------------------------//

    void open(mapped_file_params p);
    void open( const std::string& path,
               BOOST_IOS::openmode mode =
                   BOOST_IOS::in | BOOST_IOS::out,
               size_type length = max_length,
               stream_offset offset = 0 );
    bool is_open() const { return delegate_.is_open(); }
    void close() { delegate_.close(); }
    operator delegate_type::safe_bool() const { return delegate_; }
    bool operator!() const { return !is_open(); }
    BOOST_IOS::openmode mode() const { return delegate_.mode(); }

    //--------------Container interface---------------------------------------//

    size_type size() const { return delegate_.size(); }
    char* data() const 
    { 
        return (mode() & BOOST_IOS::out) ?
            const_cast<char*>(delegate_.data()) :
            0;
    }
    const char* const_data() const { return delegate_.data(); }
    iterator begin() const { return data(); }
    const_iterator const_begin() const { return data(); }
    iterator end() const { return data() + size(); }
    const_iterator const_end() const { return data() + size(); }

    //--------------Query admissible offsets----------------------------------//

    // Returns the allocation granularity for virtual memory. Values passed
    // as offsets must be multiples of this value.
    static int alignment() { return mapped_file_source::alignment(); }
};

struct BOOST_IOSTREAMS_DECL mapped_file_sink : private mapped_file {
    friend struct operations<mapped_file_sink>;
    typedef char char_type;
    struct category
        : public sink_tag,
          public direct_tag,
          public closable_tag
        { };
    using mapped_file::close;
    using mapped_file::size;
    explicit mapped_file_sink(mapped_file_params p);
    explicit mapped_file_sink( const std::string& path,
                               size_type length = max_length,
                               boost::intmax_t offset = 0 );
    void open(mapped_file_params p);
    void open( const std::string& path,
               size_type length = max_length,
               boost::intmax_t offset = 0 );
};

//------------------Specialization of direct_impl-----------------------------//

template<>
struct operations<boost::iostreams::mapped_file_source>
    : detail::close_impl<closable_tag>
{
    static std::pair<char*, char*>
    input_sequence(boost::iostreams::mapped_file_source& src)
    {
        return std::make_pair( const_cast<char*>(src.begin()),
                               const_cast<char*>(src.end()) );
    }
};

template<>
struct operations<boost::iostreams::mapped_file_sink>
    : detail::close_impl<closable_tag>
{
    static std::pair<char*, char*>
    output_sequence(boost::iostreams::mapped_file_sink& sink)
    { 
        return std::make_pair(sink.begin(), sink.end()); 
    }
};

template<>
struct operations<boost::iostreams::mapped_file>
    : detail::close_impl<closable_tag>
{
    static std::pair<char*, char*>
    input_sequence(boost::iostreams::mapped_file& file)
    { 
        return std::make_pair(file.begin(), file.end()); 
    }
    static std::pair<char*, char*>
    output_sequence(boost::iostreams::mapped_file& file)
    { 
        return std::make_pair(file.begin(), file.end()); 
    }
};

} } // End namespaces iostreams, boost.

#include <boost/config/abi_suffix.hpp> // pops abi_suffix.hpp pragmas
#include <boost/iostreams/detail/config/enable_warnings.hpp> // MSVC.

#endif // #ifndef BOOST_IOSTREAMS_MAPPED_FILE_HPP_INCLUDED