Boost C++ Libraries

...one of the most highly regarded and expertly designed C++ library projects in the world. Herb Sutter and Andrei Alexandrescu, C++ Coding Standards

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Function all_reduce

boost::mpi::all_reduce — Combine the values stored by each process into a single value available to all processes.

Synopsis

template<typename T, typename Op> 
  void all_reduce(const communicator & comm, const T & in_value, 
                  T & out_value, Op op);
template<typename T, typename Op> 
  T all_reduce(const communicator & comm, const T & in_value, Op op);
template<typename T, typename Op> 
  void all_reduce(const communicator & comm, const T * in_values, int n, 
                  T * out_values, Op op);

Description

all_reduce is a collective algorithm that combines the values stored by each process into a single value available to all processes. The values are combined in a user-defined way, specified via a function object. The type T of the values may be any type that is serializable or has an associated MPI data type. One can think of this operation as a all_gather, followed by an std::accumulate() over the gather values and using the operation op.

When the type T has an associated MPI data type, this routine invokes MPI_Allreduce to perform the reduction. If possible, built-in MPI operations will be used; otherwise, all_reduce() will create a custom MPI_Op for the call to MPI_Allreduce.

Parameters:

comm

The communicator over which the reduction will occur.

in_value

The local value to be combined with the local values of every other process. For reducing arrays, in_values is a pointer to the local values to be reduced and n is the number of values to reduce. See reduce for more information.

op

The binary operation that combines two values of type T and returns a third value of type T. For types T that has ssociated MPI data types, op will either be translated into an MPI_Op (via MPI_Op_create) or, if possible, mapped directly to a built-in MPI operation. See is_mpi_op in the operations.hpp header for more details on this mapping. For any non-built-in operation, commutativity will be determined by the is_commmutative trait (also in operations.hpp): users are encouraged to mark commutative operations as such, because it gives the implementation additional lattitude to optimize the reduction operation.

out_value

Will receive the result of the reduction operation. If this parameter is omitted, the outgoing value will instead be returned.

Returns:

If no out_value parameter is supplied, returns the result of the reduction operation.


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