Boost C++ Libraries of the most highly regarded and expertly designed C++ library projects in the world. Herb Sutter and Andrei Alexandrescu, C++ Coding Standards

This is the documentation for an old version of Boost. Click here to view this page for the latest version.

Boost write_graphml

template<typename Graph>
write_graphml(std::ostream& out, const Graph& g, const dynamic_properties& dp, 
              bool ordered_vertices=false);

template<typename Graph, typename VertexIndexMap>
write_graphml(std::ostream& out, const Graph& g, VertexIndexMap vertex_index,
              const dynamic_properties& dp, bool ordered_vertices=false);

This is to write a BGL graph object into an output stream in the graphml format. Both overloads of write_graphml will emit all of the properties stored in the dynamic_properties object, thereby retaining the properties that have been read in through the dual function read_graphml. The second overload must be used when the graph doesn't have an internal vertex index map, which must then be supplied with the appropriate parameter.


Where Defined



OUT: std::ostream& out
A standard std::ostream object.
IN: VertexListGraph& g
A directed or undirected graph. The graph's type must be a model of VertexListGraph. If the graph doesn't have an internal vertex_index property map, one must be supplied with the vertex_index parameter.
IN: VertexIndexMap vertex_index
A vertex property map containing the indexes in the range [0,num_vertices(g)].
IN: dynamic_properties& dp
Contains all of the vertex and edge properties that should be emitted by the graphml writer.
IN: bool ordered_vertices
This tells whether or not the order of the vertices from vertices(g) matches the order of the indexes. If true, the parse.nodeids graph attribute will be set to canonical. Otherwise it will be set to free.


This example demonstrates using BGL-graphml interface to write a BGL graph into a graphml format file.

enum files_e { dax_h, yow_h, boz_h, zow_h, foo_cpp,
               foo_o, bar_cpp, bar_o, libfoobar_a,
               zig_cpp, zig_o, zag_cpp, zag_o,
               libzigzag_a, killerapp, N };
const char* name[] = { "dax.h", "yow.h", "boz.h", "zow.h", "foo.cpp",
                       "foo.o", "bar.cpp", "bar.o", "libfoobar.a",
                       "zig.cpp", "zig.o", "zag.cpp", "zag.o",
                       "libzigzag.a", "killerapp" };

int main(int,char*[])
    typedef pair<int,int> Edge;
    Edge used_by[] = {
        Edge(dax_h, foo_cpp), Edge(dax_h, bar_cpp), Edge(dax_h, yow_h),
        Edge(yow_h, bar_cpp), Edge(yow_h, zag_cpp),
        Edge(boz_h, bar_cpp), Edge(boz_h, zig_cpp), Edge(boz_h, zag_cpp),
        Edge(zow_h, foo_cpp),
        Edge(foo_cpp, foo_o),
        Edge(foo_o, libfoobar_a),
        Edge(bar_cpp, bar_o),
        Edge(bar_o, libfoobar_a),
        Edge(libfoobar_a, libzigzag_a),
        Edge(zig_cpp, zig_o),
        Edge(zig_o, libzigzag_a),
        Edge(zag_cpp, zag_o),
        Edge(zag_o, libzigzag_a),
        Edge(libzigzag_a, killerapp)

    const int nedges = sizeof(used_by)/sizeof(Edge);

    typedef adjacency_list< vecS, vecS, directedS,
        property< vertex_color_t, string >,
        property< edge_weight_t, int >
        > Graph;
    Graph g(used_by, used_by + nedges, N);

    graph_traits<Graph>::vertex_iterator v, v_end;
    for (tie(v,v_end) = vertices(g); v != v_end; ++v)
        put(vertex_color_t(), g, *v, name[*v]);

    graph_traits<Graph>::edge_iterator e, e_end;
    for (tie(e,e_end) = edges(g); e != e_end; ++e)
        put(edge_weight_t(), g, *e, 3);

    dynamic_properties dp;"name", get(vertex_color_t(), g));"weight", get(edge_weight_t(), g));

    write_graphml(std::cout, g, dp, true);

The output will be:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<graphml xmlns="" xmlns:xsi="" xsi:schemaLocation="">
  <key id="key0" for="node""name" attr.type="string" />
  <key id="key1" for="edge""weight" attr.type="int" />
  <graph id="G" edgedefault="directed" parse.nodeids="canonical" parse.edgeids="canonical" parse.order="nodesfirst">
    <node id="n0">
      <data key="key0">dax.h</data>
    <node id="n1">
      <data key="key0">yow.h</data>
    <node id="n2">
      <data key="key0">boz.h</data>
    <node id="n3">
      <data key="key0">zow.h</data>
    <node id="n4">
      <data key="key0">foo.cpp</data>
    <node id="n5">
      <data key="key0">foo.o</data>
    <node id="n6">
      <data key="key0">bar.cpp</data>
    <node id="n7">
      <data key="key0">bar.o</data>
    <node id="n8">
      <data key="key0">libfoobar.a</data>
    <node id="n9">
      <data key="key0">zig.cpp</data>
    <node id="n10">
      <data key="key0">zig.o</data>
    <node id="n11">
      <data key="key0">zag.cpp</data>
    <node id="n12">
      <data key="key0">zag.o</data>
    <node id="n13">
      <data key="key0">libzigzag.a</data>
    <node id="n14">
      <data key="key0">killerapp</data>
    <edge id="e0" source="n0" target="n4">
      <data key="key1">3</data>
    <edge id="e1" source="n0" target="n6">
      <data key="key1">3</data>
    <edge id="e2" source="n0" target="n1">
      <data key="key1">3</data>
    <edge id="e3" source="n1" target="n6">
      <data key="key1">3</data>
    <edge id="e4" source="n1" target="n11">
      <data key="key1">3</data>
    <edge id="e5" source="n2" target="n6">
      <data key="key1">3</data>
    <edge id="e6" source="n2" target="n9">
       <data key="key1">3</data>
    <edge id="e7" source="n2" target="n11">
      <data key="key1">3</data>
    <edge id="e8" source="n3" target="n4">
      <data key="key1">3</data>
    <edge id="e9" source="n4" target="n5">
      <data key="key1">3</data>
    <edge id="e10" source="n5" target="n8">
      <data key="key1">3</data>
    <edge id="e11" source="n6" target="n7">
      <data key="key1">3</data>
    <edge id="e12" source="n7" target="n8">
      <data key="key1">3</data>
    <edge id="e13" source="n8" target="n13">
      <data key="key1">3</data>
    <edge id="e14" source="n9" target="n10">
      <data key="key1">3</data>
    <edge id="e15" source="n10" target="n13">
      <data key="key1">3</data>
    <edge id="e16" source="n11" target="n12">
      <data key="key1">3</data>
    <edge id="e17" source="n12" target="n13">
      <data key="key1">3</data>
    <edge id="e18" source="n13" target="n14">
      <data key="key1">3</data>

See Also



  • Note that you can use graphml file write facilities without linking against the boost_graph library.