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Metafunction

Description

A metafunction is a class or a class template that represents a function invocable at compile-time. An non-nullary metafunction is invoked by instantiating the class template with particular template parameters (metafunction arguments); the result of the metafunction application is accessible through the instantiation's nested type typedef. All metafunction's arguments must be types (i.e. only type template parameters are allowed). A metafunction can have a variable number of parameters. A nullary metafunction is represented as a (template) class with a nested type typename member.

Expression requirements

In the following table and subsequent specifications, f is a Metafunction.

Expression Type Complexity
f::type Any type Unspecified.
f<>::type Any type Unspecified.
f<a1,..,an>::type Any type Unspecified.

Expression semantics

typedef f::type x;
Precondition:f is a nullary Metafunction; f::type is a type-name.
Semantics:x is the result of the metafunction invocation.
typedef f<>::type x;
Precondition:f is a nullary Metafunction; f<>::type is a type-name.
Semantics:x is the result of the metafunction invocation.
typedef f<a1,... an>::type x;
Precondition:f is an n-ary Metafunction; a1,... an are types; f<a1,...an>::type is a type-name.
Semantics:x is the result of the metafunction invocation with the actual arguments a1,... an.

Models

See also

Metafunctions, Metafunction Class, Lambda Expression, invocation, apply, lambda, bind