Boost C++ Libraries

...one of the most highly regarded and expertly designed C++ library projects in the world. Herb Sutter and Andrei Alexandrescu, C++ Coding Standards

Click here to view the latest version of this page.
Front Page / Tutorial: Metafunctions and Higher-Order Metaprogramming / Dimensional Analysis / Implementing Addition and Subtraction

Implementing Addition and Subtraction

We can now easily write the rules for addition and subtraction, since the dimensions of the arguments must always match.

template <class T, class D>
quantity<T,D>
operator+(quantity<T,D> x, quantity<T,D> y)
{
  return quantity<T,D>(x.value() + y.value());
}

template <class T, class D>
quantity<T,D>
operator-(quantity<T,D> x, quantity<T,D> y)
{
  return quantity<T,D>(x.value() - y.value());
}

These operators enable us to write code like:

quantity<float,length> len1( 1.0f );
quantity<float,length> len2( 2.0f );

len1 = len1 + len2;   // OK

but prevent us from trying to add incompatible dimensions:

len1 = len2 + quantity<float,mass>( 3.7f ); // error