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Parallel BGL METIS Input Routines

namespace boost {
  namespace graph {
    class metis_reader;
    class metis_exception;
    class metis_input_exception;
    class metis_distribution;
  }
}

METIS is a set of programs for partitioning graphs (among other things). The Parallel BGL can read the METIS graph format and partition format, allowing one to easily load METIS-partitioned graphs into the Parallel BGL's data structures.

Contents

Where Defined

<boost/graph/metis.hpp>

Graph Reader

class metis_reader
{
 public:
  typedef std::size_t vertices_size_type;
  typedef std::size_t edges_size_type;
  typedef double vertex_weight_type;
  typedef double edge_weight_type;

  class edge_iterator;
  class edge_weight_iterator;

  metis_reader(std::istream& in);

  edge_iterator begin();
  edge_iterator end();
  edge_weight_iterator weight_begin();

  vertices_size_type num_vertices() const;
  edges_size_type num_edges() const;

  std::size_t num_vertex_weights() const;

  vertex_weight_type vertex_weight(vertices_size_type v, std::size_t n);

  bool has_edge_weights() const;
};

Usage

The METIS reader provides an iterator interface to the METIS graph file. The iterator interface is most useful when constructing Parallel BGL graphs on-the-fly. For instance, the following code builds a graph g from a METIS graph stored in argv[1].

std::ifstream in_graph(argv[1]);
metis_reader reader(in_graph);
Graph g(reader.begin(), reader.end(),
        reader.weight_begin(),
        reader.num_vertices());

The calls to begin() and end() return an iterator range for the edges in the graph; the call to weight_begin() returns an iterator that will enumerate the weights of the edges in the graph. For a distributed graph, the distribution will be determined automatically by the graph; to use a METIS partitioning, see the section Partition Reader.

Associated Types

metis_reader::edge_iterator

An Input Iterator that enumerates the edges in the METIS graph, and is suitable for use as the EdgeIterator of an adjacency_list. The value_type of this iterator is a pair of vertex numbers.


metis_reader::edge_weight_iterator

An Input Iterator that enumerates the edge weights in the METIS graph. The value_type of this iterator is edge_weight_type. If the edges in the METIS graph are unweighted, the result of dereferencing this iterator will always be zero.

Member Functions

metis_reader(std::istream& in);

Constructs a new METIS reader that will retrieve edges from the input stream in. If any errors are encountered while initially parsing in, metis_input_exception will be thrown.


edge_iterator begin();

Returns an iterator to the first edge in the METIS file.


edge_iterator end();

Returns an iterator one past the last edge in the METIS file.


edge_weight_iterator weight_begin();

Returns an iterator to the first edge weight in the METIS file. The weight iterator should be moved in concert with the edge iterator; when the edge iterator moves, the edge weight changes. If the edges in the graph are unweighted, the weight returned will always be zero.


vertices_size_type num_vertices() const;

Returns the number of vertices in the graph.


edges_size_type num_edges() const;

Returns the number of edges in the graph.


std::size_t num_vertex_weights() const;

Returns the number of weights attached to each vertex.


vertex_weight_type vertex_weight(vertices_size_type v, std::size_t n);

bool has_edge_weights() const;

Returns true when the edges of the graph have weights, false otherwise. When false, the edge weight iterator is still valid but returns zero for the weight of each edge.

Partition Reader

class metis_distribution
{
 public:
  typedef int process_id_type;
  typedef std::size_t size_type;

  metis_distribution(std::istream& in, process_id_type my_id);

  size_type block_size(process_id_type id, size_type) const;
  process_id_type operator()(size_type n);
  size_type local(size_type n) const;
  size_type global(size_type n) const;
  size_type global(process_id_type id, size_type n) const;

 private:
  std::istream& in;
  process_id_type my_id;
  std::vector<process_id_type> vertices;
};

Usage

The class metis_distribution loads a METIS partition file and makes it available as a Distribution suitable for use with the distributed adjacency list graph type. To load a METIS graph using a METIS partitioning, use a metis_reader object for the graph and a metis_distribution object for the distribution, as in the following example.

std::ifstream in_graph(argv[1]);
metis_reader reader(in_graph);

std::ifstream in_partitions(argv[2]);
metis_distribution dist(in_partitions, process_id(pg));
Graph g(reader.begin(), reader.end(),
        reader.weight_begin(),
        reader.num_vertices(),
        pg,
        dist);

In this example, argv[1] is the graph and argv[2] is the partition file generated by pmetis. The dist object loads the partitioning information from the input stream it is given and uses that to distributed the adjacency list. Note that the input stream must be in the METIS partition file format and must have been partitioned for the same number of processes are there are in the process group pg.

Member Functions

metis_distribution(std::istream& in, process_id_type my_id);

Creates a new METIS distribution from the input stream in. my_id is the process ID of the current process in the process group over which the graph will be distributed.


size_type block_size(process_id_type id, size_type) const;

Returns the number of vertices to be stored in the process id. The second parameter, size_type, is unused and may be any value.


process_id_type operator()(size_type n);

Returns the ID for the process that will store vertex number n.


size_type local(size_type n) const;

Returns the local index of vertex number n within its owning process.


size_type global(size_type n) const;

Returns the global index of the current processor's local vertex n.


size_type global(process_id_type id, size_type n) const;

Returns the global index of the process id's local vertex n.


Copyright (C) 2005 The Trustees of Indiana University.

Authors: Douglas Gregor and Andrew Lumsdaine