Boost C++ Libraries

...one of the most highly regarded and expertly designed C++ library projects in the world. Herb Sutter and Andrei Alexandrescu, C++ Coding Standards

boost/interprocess/shared_memory_object.hpp

//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// (C) Copyright Ion Gaztanaga 2005-2009. Distributed under the Boost
// Software License, Version 1.0. (See accompanying file
// LICENSE_1_0.txt or copy at http://www.boost.org/LICENSE_1_0.txt)
//
// See http://www.boost.org/libs/interprocess for documentation.
//
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

#ifndef BOOST_INTERPROCESS_SHARED_MEMORY_OBJECT_HPP
#define BOOST_INTERPROCESS_SHARED_MEMORY_OBJECT_HPP

#include <boost/interprocess/detail/config_begin.hpp>
#include <boost/interprocess/detail/workaround.hpp>
#include <boost/interprocess/creation_tags.hpp>
#include <boost/interprocess/exceptions.hpp>
#include <boost/interprocess/detail/move.hpp>
#include <boost/interprocess/interprocess_fwd.hpp>
#include <boost/interprocess/exceptions.hpp>
#include <boost/interprocess/detail/os_file_functions.hpp>
#include <boost/interprocess/detail/tmp_dir_helpers.hpp>
#include <cstddef>
#include <string>
#include <algorithm>

#if defined(BOOST_INTERPROCESS_XSI_SHARED_MEMORY_OBJECTS_ONLY)
#  include <sys/shm.h>      //System V shared memory...
#elif defined(BOOST_INTERPROCESS_POSIX_SHARED_MEMORY_OBJECTS)
#  include <fcntl.h>        //O_CREAT, O_*... 
#  include <sys/mman.h>     //shm_xxx
#  include <unistd.h>       //ftruncate, close
#  include <sys/stat.h>     //mode_t, S_IRWXG, S_IRWXO, S_IRWXU,
#else
//
#endif

//!\file
//!Describes a shared memory object management class.

namespace boost {
namespace interprocess {

//!A class that wraps a shared memory mapping that can be used to
//!create mapped regions from the mapped files
class shared_memory_object
{
   /// @cond
   //Non-copyable and non-assignable
   BOOST_INTERPROCESS_MOVABLE_BUT_NOT_COPYABLE(shared_memory_object)
   /// @endcond

   public:
   //!Default constructor. Represents an empty shared_memory_object.
   shared_memory_object();

   //!Creates a shared memory object with name "name" and mode "mode", with the access mode "mode"
   //!If the file previously exists, throws an error.*/
   shared_memory_object(create_only_t, const char *name, mode_t mode)
   {  this->priv_open_or_create(detail::DoCreate, name, mode);  }

   //!Tries to create a shared memory object with name "name" and mode "mode", with the
   //!access mode "mode". If the file previously exists, it tries to open it with mode "mode".
   //!Otherwise throws an error.
   shared_memory_object(open_or_create_t, const char *name, mode_t mode)
   {  this->priv_open_or_create(detail::DoOpenOrCreate, name, mode);  }

   //!Tries to open a shared memory object with name "name", with the access mode "mode". 
   //!If the file does not previously exist, it throws an error.
   shared_memory_object(open_only_t, const char *name, mode_t mode)
   {  this->priv_open_or_create(detail::DoOpen, name, mode);  }

   //!Moves the ownership of "moved"'s shared memory object to *this. 
   //!After the call, "moved" does not represent any shared memory object. 
   //!Does not throw
   shared_memory_object(BOOST_INTERPROCESS_RV_REF(shared_memory_object) moved)
      :  m_handle(file_handle_t(detail::invalid_file()))
   {  this->swap(moved);   }

   //!Moves the ownership of "moved"'s shared memory to *this.
   //!After the call, "moved" does not represent any shared memory. 
   //!Does not throw
   shared_memory_object &operator=(BOOST_INTERPROCESS_RV_REF(shared_memory_object) moved)
   {  
      shared_memory_object tmp(boost::interprocess::move(moved));
      this->swap(tmp);
      return *this;  
   }

   //!Swaps the shared_memory_objects. Does not throw
   void swap(shared_memory_object &moved);

   //!Erases a shared memory object from the system.
   //!Returns false on error. Never throws
   static bool remove(const char *name);
   
   //!Sets the size of the shared memory mapping
   void truncate(offset_t length);

   //!Destroys *this and indicates that the calling process is finished using
   //!the resource. All mapped regions are still
   //!valid after destruction. The destructor function will deallocate
   //!any system resources allocated by the system for use by this process for
   //!this resource. The resource can still be opened again calling
   //!the open constructor overload. To erase the resource from the system
   //!use remove().
   ~shared_memory_object();

   //!Returns the name of the shared memory object.
   const char *get_name() const;

   //!Returns true if the size of the shared memory object
   //!can be obtained and writes the size in the passed reference
   bool get_size(offset_t &size) const;

   //!Returns access mode
   mode_t get_mode() const;

   //!Returns mapping handle. Never throws.
   mapping_handle_t get_mapping_handle() const;

   /// @cond
   private:

   //!Closes a previously opened file mapping. Never throws.
   void priv_close();

   //!Closes a previously opened file mapping. Never throws.
   bool priv_open_or_create(detail::create_enum_t type, const char *filename, mode_t mode);

   file_handle_t  m_handle;
   mode_t         m_mode;
   std::string    m_filename;
   /// @endcond
};

/// @cond

inline shared_memory_object::shared_memory_object() 
   :  m_handle(file_handle_t(detail::invalid_file()))
{}

inline shared_memory_object::~shared_memory_object() 
{  this->priv_close(); }


inline const char *shared_memory_object::get_name() const
{  return m_filename.c_str(); }

inline bool shared_memory_object::get_size(offset_t &size) const
{  return detail::get_file_size((file_handle_t)m_handle, size);  }

inline void shared_memory_object::swap(shared_memory_object &other)
{  
   std::swap(m_handle,  other.m_handle);
   std::swap(m_mode,    other.m_mode);
   m_filename.swap(other.m_filename);   
}

inline mapping_handle_t shared_memory_object::get_mapping_handle() const
{
   return detail::mapping_handle_from_file_handle(m_handle);
}

inline mode_t shared_memory_object::get_mode() const
{  return m_mode; }

#if !defined(BOOST_INTERPROCESS_POSIX_SHARED_MEMORY_OBJECTS)

inline bool shared_memory_object::priv_open_or_create
   (detail::create_enum_t type, const char *filename, mode_t mode)
{
   m_filename = filename;
   std::string shmfile;
   detail::create_tmp_dir_and_get_filename(filename, shmfile);

   //Set accesses
   if (mode != read_write && mode != read_only){
      error_info err = other_error;
      throw interprocess_exception(err);
   }

   switch(type){
      case detail::DoOpen:
         m_handle = detail::open_existing_file(shmfile.c_str(), mode, true);
      break;
      case detail::DoCreate:
         m_handle = detail::create_new_file(shmfile.c_str(), mode, true);
      break;
      case detail::DoOpenOrCreate:
         m_handle = detail::create_or_open_file(shmfile.c_str(), mode, true);
      break;
      default:
         {
            error_info err = other_error;
            throw interprocess_exception(err);
         }
   }

   //Check for error
   if(m_handle == detail::invalid_file()){
      error_info err = system_error_code();
      this->priv_close();
      throw interprocess_exception(err);
   }

   m_mode = mode;
   return true;
}

inline bool shared_memory_object::remove(const char *filename)
{
   try{
      //Make sure a temporary path is created for shared memory
      std::string shmfile;
      detail::tmp_filename(filename, shmfile);
      return detail::delete_file(shmfile.c_str()) == 0;
   }
   catch(...){
      return false;
   }
}

inline void shared_memory_object::truncate(offset_t length)
{
   if(!detail::truncate_file(m_handle, length)){
      error_info err = system_error_code();
      throw interprocess_exception(err);
   }
}

inline void shared_memory_object::priv_close()
{
   if(m_handle != detail::invalid_file()){
      detail::close_file(m_handle);
      m_handle = detail::invalid_file();
   }
}

#else //!defined(BOOST_INTERPROCESS_POSIX_SHARED_MEMORY_OBJECTS)

inline bool shared_memory_object::priv_open_or_create
   (detail::create_enum_t type, 
    const char *filename,
    mode_t mode)
{
   #ifndef BOOST_INTERPROCESS_FILESYSTEM_BASED_POSIX_SHARED_MEMORY
   detail::add_leading_slash(filename, m_filename);
   #else
   detail::create_tmp_dir_and_get_filename(filename, m_filename);
   #endif

   //Create new mapping
   int oflag = 0;
   if(mode == read_only){
      oflag |= O_RDONLY;
   }
   else if(mode == read_write){
      oflag |= O_RDWR;
   }
   else{
      error_info err(mode_error);
      throw interprocess_exception(err);
   }

   switch(type){
      case detail::DoOpen:
         //No addition
      break;
      case detail::DoCreate:
         oflag |= (O_CREAT | O_EXCL);
      break;
      case detail::DoOpenOrCreate:
         oflag |= O_CREAT;
      break;
      default:
         {
            error_info err = other_error;
            throw interprocess_exception(err);
         }
   }

   //Open file using POSIX API
   m_handle = shm_open(m_filename.c_str(), oflag, S_IRWXO | S_IRWXG | S_IRWXU);

   //Check for error
   if(m_handle == -1){
      error_info err = errno;
      this->priv_close();
      throw interprocess_exception(err);
   }

   m_filename = filename;
   m_mode = mode;
   return true;
}

inline bool shared_memory_object::remove(const char *filename)
{
   try{
      std::string file_str;
      #ifndef BOOST_INTERPROCESS_FILESYSTEM_BASED_POSIX_SHARED_MEMORY
      detail::add_leading_slash(filename, file_str);
      #else
      detail::tmp_filename(filename, file_str);
      #endif
      return 0 == shm_unlink(file_str.c_str());
   }
   catch(...){
      return false;
   }
}

inline void shared_memory_object::truncate(offset_t length)
{
   if(0 != ftruncate(m_handle, length)){
      error_info err(system_error_code());
      throw interprocess_exception(err);
   }
}

inline void shared_memory_object::priv_close()
{
   if(m_handle != -1){
      ::close(m_handle);
      m_handle = -1;
   }
}

#endif

///@endcond

//!A class that stores the name of a shared memory
//!and calls shared_memory_object::remove(name) in its destructor
//!Useful to remove temporary shared memory objects in the presence
//!of exceptions
class remove_shared_memory_on_destroy
{
   const char * m_name;
   public:
   remove_shared_memory_on_destroy(const char *name)
      :  m_name(name)
   {}

   ~remove_shared_memory_on_destroy()
   {  shared_memory_object::remove(m_name);  }
};

}  //namespace interprocess {
}  //namespace boost {

#include <boost/interprocess/detail/config_end.hpp>

#endif   //BOOST_INTERPROCESS_SHARED_MEMORY_OBJECT_HPP