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regex_replace

#include <boost/regex.hpp> 

The algorithm regex_replace searches through a string finding all the matches to the regular expression: for each match it then calls match_results<>::format to format the string and sends the result to the output iterator. Sections of text that do not match are copied to the output unchanged only if the flags parameter does not have the flag format_no_copy set. If the flag format_first_only is set then only the first occurrence is replaced rather than all occurrences.

template <class OutputIterator, class BidirectionalIterator, class traits, class Formatter>
OutputIterator regex_replace(OutputIterator out,
                             BidirectionalIterator first,
                             BidirectionalIterator last,
                             const basic_regex<charT, traits>& e,
                             Formatter fmt,
                             match_flag_type flags = match_default);

template <class traits, class Formatter>
basic_string<charT> regex_replace(const basic_string<charT>& s,
                                  const basic_regex<charT, traits>& e,
                                  Formatter fmt,
                                  match_flag_type flags = match_default);
Description
template <class OutputIterator, class BidirectionalIterator, class traits, class Formatter>
OutputIterator regex_replace(OutputIterator out,
                             BidirectionalIterator first,
                             BidirectionalIterator last,
                             const basic_regex<charT, traits>& e,
                             Formatter fmt,
                             match_flag_type flags = match_default);

Enumerates all the occurences of expression e in the sequence [first, last), replacing each occurence with the string that results by merging the match found with the format string fmt, and copies the resulting string to out. In the case that fmt is a unary, binary or ternary function object, then the character sequence generated by that object is copied unchanged to the output when performing a substitution.

If the flag format_no_copy is set in flags then unmatched sections of text are not copied to output.

If the flag format_first_only is set in flags then only the first occurence of e is replaced.

The manner in which the format string fmt is interpretted, along with the rules used for finding matches, are determined by the flags set in flags: see match_flag_type.

Requires The type Formatter must be either a pointer to a null-terminated string of type char_type[], or be a container of char_type's (for example std::basic_string<char_type>) or be a unary, binary or ternary functor that computes the replacement string from a function call: either fmt(what) which must return a container of char_type's to be used as the replacement text, or either fmt(what, out) or fmt(what, out, flags), both of which write the replacement text to *out, and then return the new OutputIterator position. In each case what is the match_results object that represents the match found. Note that if the formatter is a functor, then it is passed by value: users that want to pass function objects with internal state might want to use Boost.Ref to wrap the object so that it's passed by reference.

Effects: Constructs an regex_iterator object:

regex_iterator<BidirectionalIterator, charT, traits, Allocator> 
                                          i(first, last, e, flags), 

and uses i to enumerate through all of the matches m of type match_results <BidirectionalIterator> that occur within the sequence [first, last).

If no such matches are found and

!(flags & format_no_copy) 

then calls

std::copy(first, last, out). 

Otherwise, for each match found, if

!(flags & format_no_copy) 

calls

std::copy(m.prefix().first, m.prefix().last, out), 

and then calls

m.format(out, fmt, flags). 

Finally if

!(flags & format_no_copy) 

calls

std::copy(last_m.suffix().first, last_m,suffix().last, out) 

where last_m is a copy of the last match found.

If flags & format_first_only is non-zero then only the first match found is replaced.

Throws: std::runtime_error if the complexity of matching the expression against an N character string begins to exceed O(N2), or if the program runs out of stack space while matching the expression (if Boost.Regex is configured in recursive mode), or if the matcher exhausts its permitted memory allocation (if Boost.Regex is configured in non-recursive mode).

Returns: out.

template <class traits, class Formatter>
basic_string<charT> regex_replace(const basic_string<charT>& s,
                                  const basic_regex<charT, traits>& e,
                                  Formatter fmt,
                                  match_flag_type flags = match_default);

Requires The type Formatter must be either a pointer to a null-terminated string of type char_type[], or be a container of char_type's (for example std::basic_string<char_type>) or be a unary, binary or ternary functor that computes the replacement string from a function call: either fmt(what) which must return a container of char_type's to be used as the replacement text, or either fmt(what, out) or fmt(what, out, flags), both of which write the replacement text to *out, and then return the new OutputIterator position. In each case what is the match_results object that represents the match found.

Effects: Constructs an object basic_string<charT> result, calls regex_replace(back_inserter(result), s.begin(), s.end(), e, fmt, flags), and then returns result.

Examples

The following example takes C/C++ source code as input, and outputs syntax highlighted HTML code.

#include <fstream>
#include <sstream>
#include <string>
#include <iterator>
#include <boost/regex.hpp>
#include <fstream>
#include <iostream>

// purpose:
// takes the contents of a file and transform to
// syntax highlighted code in html format

boost::regex e1, e2;
extern const char* expression_text;
extern const char* format_string;
extern const char* pre_expression;
extern const char* pre_format;
extern const char* header_text;
extern const char* footer_text;

void load_file(std::string& s, std::istream& is)
{
   s.erase();
   s.reserve(is.rdbuf()->in_avail());
   char c;
   while(is.get(c))
   {
      if(s.capacity() == s.size())
         s.reserve(s.capacity() * 3);
      s.append(1, c);
   }
}

int main(int argc, const char** argv)
{
   try{
   e1.assign(expression_text);
   e2.assign(pre_expression);
   for(int i = 1; i < argc; ++i)
   {
      std::cout << "Processing file " << argv[i] << std::endl;
      std::ifstream fs(argv[i]);
      std::string in;
      load_file(in, fs);
      std::string out_name(std::string(argv[i]) + std::string(".htm"));
      std::ofstream os(out_name.c_str());
      os << header_text;
      // strip '<' and '>' first by outputting to a
      // temporary string stream
      std::ostringstream t(std::ios::out | std::ios::binary);
      std::ostream_iterator<char, char> oi(t);
      boost::regex_replace(oi, in.begin(), in.end(),
      e2, pre_format, boost::match_default | boost::format_all);
      // then output to final output stream
      // adding syntax highlighting:
      std::string s(t.str());
      std::ostream_iterator<char, char> out(os);
      boost::regex_replace(out, s.begin(), s.end(),
      e1, format_string, boost::match_default | boost::format_all);
      os << footer_text;
   }
   }
   catch(...)
   { return -1; }
   return 0;
}

extern const char* pre_expression = "(<)|(>)|(&)|\\r";
extern const char* pre_format = "(?1&lt;)(?2&gt;)(?3&amp;)";


const char* expression_text = 
   // preprocessor directives: index 1
   "(^[[:blank:]]*#(?:[^\\\\\\n]|\\\\[^\\n[:punct:][:word:]]*[\\n[:punct:][:word:]])*)|"
   // comment: index 2
   "(//[^\\n]*|/\\*.*?\\*/)|"
   // literals: index 3
   "\\<([+-]?(?:(?:0x[[:xdigit:]]+)|(?:(?:[[:digit:]]*\\.)?[[:digit:]]+"
   "(?:[eE][+-]?[[:digit:]]+)?))u?(?:(?:int(?:8|16|32|64))|L)?)\\>|"
   // string literals: index 4
   "('(?:[^\\\\']|\\\\.)*'|\"(?:[^\\\\\"]|\\\\.)*\")|"
   // keywords: index 5
   "\\<(__asm|__cdecl|__declspec|__export|__far16|__fastcall|__fortran|__import"
   "|__pascal|__rtti|__stdcall|_asm|_cdecl|__except|_export|_far16|_fastcall"
   "|__finally|_fortran|_import|_pascal|_stdcall|__thread|__try|asm|auto|bool"
   "|break|case|catch|cdecl|char|class|const|const_cast|continue|default|delete"
   "|do|double|dynamic_cast|else|enum|explicit|extern|false|float|for|friend|goto"
   "|if|inline|int|long|mutable|namespace|new|operator|pascal|private|protected"
   "|public|register|reinterpret_cast|return|short|signed|sizeof|static|static_cast"
   "|struct|switch|template|this|throw|true|try|typedef|typeid|typename|union|unsigned"
   "|using|virtual|void|volatile|wchar_t|while)\\>"
   ;

const char* format_string = "(?1<font color=\"#008040\">$&</font>)"
                           "(?2<I><font color=\"#000080\">$&</font></I>)"
                           "(?3<font color=\"#0000A0\">$&</font>)"
                           "(?4<font color=\"#0000FF\">$&</font>)"
                           "(?5<B>$&</B>)";

const char* header_text = 
   "<HTML>\n<HEAD>\n"
   "<TITLE>Auto-generated html formated source</TITLE>\n"
   "<META HTTP-EQUIV=\"Content-Type\" CONTENT=\"text/html; charset=windows-1252\">\n"
   "</HEAD>\n"
   "<BODY LINK=\"#0000ff\" VLINK=\"#800080\" BGCOLOR=\"#ffffff\">\n"
   "<P> </P>\n<PRE>";

const char* footer_text = "</PRE>\n</BODY>\n\n";

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