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Class named_semaphore

boost::interprocess::named_semaphore

Synopsis

// In header: <boost/interprocess/sync/named_semaphore.hpp>


class named_semaphore {
public:
  // types
  typedef unspecified construct_func_t;

  // construct/copy/destruct
  named_semaphore();
  named_semaphore(const named_semaphore &);
  named_semaphore(create_only_t, const char *, unsigned int, 
                  const permissions & = permissions());
  named_semaphore(open_or_create_t, const char *, unsigned int, 
                  const permissions & = permissions());
  named_semaphore(open_only_t, const char *);
  named_semaphore& operator=(const named_semaphore &);
  ~named_semaphore();

  // friend functions
  friend class detail::interprocess_tester();

  // public member functions
  void post();
  void wait();
  bool try_wait();
  bool timed_wait(const boost::posix_time::ptime &);
  void dont_close_on_destruction();
  interprocess_semaphore * semaphore() const;

  // public static functions
  static bool remove(const char *);
  unspecified m_shmem;
};

Description

A semaphore with a global name, so it can be found from different processes. Allows several resource sharing patterns and efficient acknowledgment mechanisms.

named_semaphore public construct/copy/destruct

  1. named_semaphore();
    @
  2. named_semaphore(const named_semaphore &);
  3. named_semaphore(create_only_t, const char * name, unsigned int initialCount, 
                    const permissions & perm = permissions());

    Creates a global semaphore with a name, and an initial count. If the semaphore can't be created throws interprocess_exception

  4. named_semaphore(open_or_create_t, const char * name, 
                    unsigned int initialCount, 
                    const permissions & perm = permissions());

    Opens or creates a global semaphore with a name, and an initial count. If the semaphore is created, this call is equivalent to named_semaphore(create_only_t, ...) If the semaphore is already created, this call is equivalent to named_semaphore(open_only_t, ... ) and initialCount is ignored.

  5. named_semaphore(open_only_t, const char * name);

    Opens a global semaphore with a name if that semaphore is previously. created. If it is not previously created this function throws interprocess_exception.

  6. named_semaphore& operator=(const named_semaphore &);
  7. ~named_semaphore();
    @

    Destroys *this and indicates that the calling process is finished using the resource. The destructor function will deallocate any system resources allocated by the system for use by this process for this resource. The resource can still be opened again calling the open constructor overload. To erase the resource from the system use remove().

named_semaphore friend functions

  1. friend class detail::interprocess_tester();
    @ private:

named_semaphore public member functions

  1. void post();

    Increments the semaphore count. If there are processes/threads blocked waiting for the semaphore, then one of these processes will return successfully from its wait function. If there is an error an interprocess_exception exception is thrown.

  2. void wait();

    Decrements the semaphore. If the semaphore value is not greater than zero, then the calling process/thread blocks until it can decrement the counter. If there is an error an interprocess_exception exception is thrown.

  3. bool try_wait();

    Decrements the semaphore if the semaphore's value is greater than zero and returns true. If the value is not greater than zero returns false. If there is an error an interprocess_exception exception is thrown.

  4. bool timed_wait(const boost::posix_time::ptime & abs_time);

    Decrements the semaphore if the semaphore's value is greater than zero and returns true. Otherwise, waits for the semaphore to the posted or the timeout expires. If the timeout expires, the function returns false. If the semaphore is posted the function returns true. If there is an error throws sem_exception

  5. void dont_close_on_destruction();
  6. interprocess_semaphore * semaphore() const;

named_semaphore public static functions

  1. static bool remove(const char * name);

    Erases a named semaphore from the system. Returns false on error. Never throws.


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