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boost/math/bindings/e_float.hpp

//  Copyright John Maddock 2008.
//  Use, modification and distribution are subject to the
//  Boost Software License, Version 1.0. (See accompanying file
//  LICENSE_1_0.txt or copy at http://www.boost.org/LICENSE_1_0.txt)
//
// Wrapper that works with mpfr_class defined in gmpfrxx.h
// See http://math.berkeley.edu/~wilken/code/gmpfrxx/
// Also requires the gmp and mpfr libraries.
//

#ifndef BOOST_MATH_E_FLOAT_BINDINGS_HPP
#define BOOST_MATH_E_FLOAT_BINDINGS_HPP

#include <boost/config.hpp>


#include <e_float/e_float.h>
#include <functions/functions.h>

#include <boost/math/tools/precision.hpp>
#include <boost/math/tools/real_cast.hpp>
#include <boost/math/policies/policy.hpp>
#include <boost/math/distributions/fwd.hpp>
#include <boost/math/special_functions/math_fwd.hpp>
#include <boost/math/special_functions/fpclassify.hpp>
#include <boost/math/bindings/detail/big_digamma.hpp>
#include <boost/math/bindings/detail/big_lanczos.hpp>


namespace boost{ namespace math{ namespace ef{

class e_float
{
public:
   // Constructors:
   e_float() {}
   e_float(const ::e_float& c) : m_value(c){}
   e_float(char c)
   {
      m_value = ::e_float(c);
   }
#ifndef BOOST_NO_INTRINSIC_WCHAR_T
   e_float(wchar_t c)
   {
      m_value = ::e_float(c);
   }
#endif
   e_float(unsigned char c)
   {
      m_value = ::e_float(c);
   }
   e_float(signed char c)
   {
      m_value = ::e_float(c);
   }
   e_float(unsigned short c)
   {
      m_value = ::e_float(c);
   }
   e_float(short c)
   {
      m_value = ::e_float(c);
   }
   e_float(unsigned int c)
   {
      m_value = ::e_float(c);
   }
   e_float(int c)
   {
      m_value = ::e_float(c);
   }
   e_float(unsigned long c)
   {
      m_value = ::e_float((UINT64)c);
   }
   e_float(long c)
   {
      m_value = ::e_float((INT64)c);
   }
#ifdef BOOST_HAS_LONG_LONG
   e_float(boost::ulong_long_type c)
   {
      m_value = ::e_float(c);
   }
   e_float(boost::long_long_type c)
   {
      m_value = ::e_float(c);
   }
#endif
   e_float(float c)
   {
      assign_large_real(c);
   }
   e_float(double c)
   {
      assign_large_real(c);
   }
   e_float(long double c)
   {
      assign_large_real(c);
   }

   // Assignment:
   e_float& operator=(char c) { m_value = ::e_float(c); return *this; }
   e_float& operator=(unsigned char c) { m_value = ::e_float(c); return *this; }
   e_float& operator=(signed char c) { m_value = ::e_float(c); return *this; }
#ifndef BOOST_NO_INTRINSIC_WCHAR_T
   e_float& operator=(wchar_t c) { m_value = ::e_float(c); return *this; }
#endif
   e_float& operator=(short c) { m_value = ::e_float(c); return *this; }
   e_float& operator=(unsigned short c) { m_value = ::e_float(c); return *this; }
   e_float& operator=(int c) { m_value = ::e_float(c); return *this; }
   e_float& operator=(unsigned int c) { m_value = ::e_float(c); return *this; }
   e_float& operator=(long c) { m_value = ::e_float((INT64)c); return *this; }
   e_float& operator=(unsigned long c) { m_value = ::e_float((UINT64)c); return *this; }
#ifdef BOOST_HAS_LONG_LONG
   e_float& operator=(boost::long_long_type c) { m_value = ::e_float(c); return *this; }
   e_float& operator=(boost::ulong_long_type c) { m_value = ::e_float(c); return *this; }
#endif
   e_float& operator=(float c) { assign_large_real(c); return *this; }
   e_float& operator=(double c) { assign_large_real(c); return *this; }
   e_float& operator=(long double c) { assign_large_real(c); return *this; }

   // Access:
   ::e_float& value(){ return m_value; }
   ::e_float const& value()const{ return m_value; }

   // Member arithmetic:
   e_float& operator+=(const e_float& other)
   { m_value += other.value(); return *this; }
   e_float& operator-=(const e_float& other)
   { m_value -= other.value(); return *this; }
   e_float& operator*=(const e_float& other)
   { m_value *= other.value(); return *this; }
   e_float& operator/=(const e_float& other)
   { m_value /= other.value(); return *this; }
   e_float operator-()const
   { return -m_value; }
   e_float const& operator+()const
   { return *this; }

private:
   ::e_float m_value;

   template <class V>
   void assign_large_real(const V& a)
   {
      using std::frexp;
      using std::ldexp;
      using std::floor;
      if (a == 0) {
         m_value = ::ef::zero();
         return;
      }

      if (a == 1) {
         m_value = ::ef::one();
         return;
      }

      if ((boost::math::isinf)(a))
      {
         m_value = a > 0 ? m_value.my_value_inf() : -m_value.my_value_inf();
         return;
      }
      if((boost::math::isnan)(a))
      {
         m_value = m_value.my_value_nan();
         return;
      }

      int e;
      long double f, term;
      ::e_float t;
      m_value = ::ef::zero();

      f = frexp(a, &e);

      ::e_float shift = ::ef::pow2(30);

      while(f)
      {
         // extract 30 bits from f:
         f = ldexp(f, 30);
         term = floor(f);
         e -= 30;
         m_value *= shift;
         m_value += ::e_float(static_cast<INT64>(term));
         f -= term;
      }
      m_value *= ::ef::pow2(e);
   }
};


// Non-member arithmetic:
inline e_float operator+(const e_float& a, const e_float& b)
{
   e_float result(a);
   result += b;
   return result;
}
inline e_float operator-(const e_float& a, const e_float& b)
{
   e_float result(a);
   result -= b;
   return result;
}
inline e_float operator*(const e_float& a, const e_float& b)
{
   e_float result(a);
   result *= b;
   return result;
}
inline e_float operator/(const e_float& a, const e_float& b)
{
   e_float result(a);
   result /= b;
   return result;
}

// Comparison:
inline bool operator == (const e_float& a, const e_float& b)
{ return a.value() == b.value() ? true : false; }
inline bool operator != (const e_float& a, const e_float& b)
{ return a.value() != b.value() ? true : false;}
inline bool operator < (const e_float& a, const e_float& b)
{ return a.value() < b.value() ? true : false; }
inline bool operator <= (const e_float& a, const e_float& b)
{ return a.value() <= b.value() ? true : false; }
inline bool operator > (const e_float& a, const e_float& b)
{ return a.value() > b.value() ? true : false; }
inline bool operator >= (const e_float& a, const e_float& b)
{ return a.value() >= b.value() ? true : false; }

std::istream& operator >> (std::istream& is, e_float& f)
{
   return is >> f.value();
}

std::ostream& operator << (std::ostream& os, const e_float& f)
{
   return os << f.value();
}

inline e_float fabs(const e_float& v)
{
   return ::ef::fabs(v.value());
}

inline e_float abs(const e_float& v)
{
   return ::ef::fabs(v.value());
}

inline e_float floor(const e_float& v)
{
   return ::ef::floor(v.value());
}

inline e_float ceil(const e_float& v)
{
   return ::ef::ceil(v.value());
}

inline e_float pow(const e_float& v, const e_float& w)
{
   return ::ef::pow(v.value(), w.value());
}

inline e_float pow(const e_float& v, int i)
{
   return ::ef::pow(v.value(), ::e_float(i));
}

inline e_float exp(const e_float& v)
{
   return ::ef::exp(v.value());
}

inline e_float log(const e_float& v)
{
   return ::ef::log(v.value());
}

inline e_float sqrt(const e_float& v)
{
   return ::ef::sqrt(v.value());
}

inline e_float sin(const e_float& v)
{
   return ::ef::sin(v.value());
}

inline e_float cos(const e_float& v)
{
   return ::ef::cos(v.value());
}

inline e_float tan(const e_float& v)
{
   return ::ef::tan(v.value());
}

inline e_float acos(const e_float& v)
{
   return ::ef::acos(v.value());
}

inline e_float asin(const e_float& v)
{
   return ::ef::asin(v.value());
}

inline e_float atan(const e_float& v)
{
   return ::ef::atan(v.value());
}

inline e_float ldexp(const e_float& v, int e)
{
   return v.value() * ::ef::pow2(e);
}

inline e_float frexp(const e_float& v, int* expon)
{
   double d;
   INT64 i;
   v.value().extract_parts(d, i);
   *expon = static_cast<int>(i);
   return v.value() * ::ef::pow2(-i);
}

inline e_float sinh (const e_float& x)
{
   return ::ef::sinh(x.value());
}

inline e_float cosh (const e_float& x)
{
   return ::ef::cosh(x.value());
}

inline e_float tanh (const e_float& x)
{
   return ::ef::tanh(x.value());
}

inline e_float asinh (const e_float& x)
{
   return ::ef::asinh(x.value());
}

inline e_float acosh (const e_float& x)
{
   return ::ef::acosh(x.value());
}

inline e_float atanh (const e_float& x)
{
   return ::ef::atanh(x.value());
}

e_float fmod(const e_float& v1, const e_float& v2)
{
   e_float n;
   if(v1 < 0)
      n = ceil(v1 / v2);
   else
      n = floor(v1 / v2);
   return v1 - n * v2;
}

} namespace detail{

template <>
inline int fpclassify_imp< boost::math::ef::e_float> BOOST_NO_MACRO_EXPAND(boost::math::ef::e_float x, const generic_tag<true>&)
{
   if(x.value().isnan())
      return FP_NAN;
   if(x.value().isinf())
      return FP_INFINITE;
   if(x == 0)
      return FP_ZERO;
   return FP_NORMAL;
}

} namespace ef{

template <class Policy>
inline int itrunc(const e_float& v, const Policy& pol)
{
   BOOST_MATH_STD_USING
   e_float r = boost::math::trunc(v, pol);
   if(fabs(r) > (std::numeric_limits<int>::max)())
      return static_cast<int>(policies::raise_rounding_error("boost::math::itrunc<%1%>(%1%)", 0, 0, v, pol));
   return static_cast<int>(r.value().extract_int64());
}

template <class Policy>
inline long ltrunc(const e_float& v, const Policy& pol)
{
   BOOST_MATH_STD_USING
   e_float r = boost::math::trunc(v, pol);
   if(fabs(r) > (std::numeric_limits<long>::max)())
      return static_cast<long>(policies::raise_rounding_error("boost::math::ltrunc<%1%>(%1%)", 0, 0L, v, pol));
   return static_cast<long>(r.value().extract_int64());
}

#ifdef BOOST_HAS_LONG_LONG
template <class Policy>
inline boost::long_long_type lltrunc(const e_float& v, const Policy& pol)
{
   BOOST_MATH_STD_USING
   e_float r = boost::math::trunc(v, pol);
   if(fabs(r) > (std::numeric_limits<boost::long_long_type>::max)())
      return static_cast<boost::long_long_type>(policies::raise_rounding_error("boost::math::lltrunc<%1%>(%1%)", 0, v, 0LL, pol).value().extract_int64());
   return static_cast<boost::long_long_type>(r.value().extract_int64());
}
#endif

template <class Policy>
inline int iround(const e_float& v, const Policy& pol)
{
   BOOST_MATH_STD_USING
   e_float r = boost::math::round(v, pol);
   if(fabs(r) > (std::numeric_limits<int>::max)())
      return static_cast<int>(policies::raise_rounding_error("boost::math::iround<%1%>(%1%)", 0, v, 0, pol).value().extract_int64());
   return static_cast<int>(r.value().extract_int64());
}

template <class Policy>
inline long lround(const e_float& v, const Policy& pol)
{
   BOOST_MATH_STD_USING
   e_float r = boost::math::round(v, pol);
   if(fabs(r) > (std::numeric_limits<long>::max)())
      return static_cast<long int>(policies::raise_rounding_error("boost::math::lround<%1%>(%1%)", 0, v, 0L, pol).value().extract_int64());
   return static_cast<long int>(r.value().extract_int64());
}

#ifdef BOOST_HAS_LONG_LONG
template <class Policy>
inline boost::long_long_type llround(const e_float& v, const Policy& pol)
{
   BOOST_MATH_STD_USING
   e_float r = boost::math::round(v, pol);
   if(fabs(r) > (std::numeric_limits<boost::long_long_type>::max)())
      return static_cast<boost::long_long_type>(policies::raise_rounding_error("boost::math::llround<%1%>(%1%)", 0, v, 0LL, pol).value().extract_int64());
   return static_cast<boost::long_long_type>(r.value().extract_int64());
}
#endif

}}}

namespace std{

   template<>
   class numeric_limits< ::boost::math::ef::e_float> : public numeric_limits< ::e_float>
   {
   public:
      static const ::boost::math::ef::e_float (min) (void)
      {
         return (numeric_limits< ::e_float>::min)();
      }
      static const ::boost::math::ef::e_float (max) (void)
      {
         return (numeric_limits< ::e_float>::max)();
      }
      static const ::boost::math::ef::e_float epsilon (void)
      {
         return (numeric_limits< ::e_float>::epsilon)();
      }
      static const ::boost::math::ef::e_float round_error(void)
      {
         return (numeric_limits< ::e_float>::round_error)();
      }
      static const ::boost::math::ef::e_float infinity (void)
      {
         return (numeric_limits< ::e_float>::infinity)();
      }
      static const ::boost::math::ef::e_float quiet_NaN (void)
      {
         return (numeric_limits< ::e_float>::quiet_NaN)();
      }
      //
      // e_float's supplied digits member is wrong 
      // - it should be same the same as digits 10
      // - given that radix is 10.
      //
      static const int digits = digits10;
   };

} // namespace std

namespace boost{ namespace math{

namespace policies{

template <class Policy>
struct precision< ::boost::math::ef::e_float, Policy>
{
   typedef typename Policy::precision_type precision_type;
   typedef digits2<((::std::numeric_limits< ::boost::math::ef::e_float>::digits10 + 1) * 1000L) / 301L> digits_2;
   typedef typename mpl::if_c<
      ((digits_2::value <= precision_type::value) 
      || (Policy::precision_type::value <= 0)),
      // Default case, full precision for RealType:
      digits_2,
      // User customised precision:
      precision_type
   >::type type;
};

}

namespace tools{

template <>
inline int digits< ::boost::math::ef::e_float>(BOOST_MATH_EXPLICIT_TEMPLATE_TYPE_SPEC( ::boost::math::ef::e_float))
{
   return ((::std::numeric_limits< ::boost::math::ef::e_float>::digits10 + 1) * 1000L) / 301L;
}

template <>
inline  ::boost::math::ef::e_float root_epsilon< ::boost::math::ef::e_float>()
{
   return detail::root_epsilon_imp(static_cast< ::boost::math::ef::e_float const*>(0), mpl::int_<0>());
}

template <>
inline  ::boost::math::ef::e_float forth_root_epsilon< ::boost::math::ef::e_float>()
{
   return detail::forth_root_epsilon_imp(static_cast< ::boost::math::ef::e_float const*>(0), mpl::int_<0>());
}

}

namespace lanczos{

template<class Policy>
struct lanczos<boost::math::ef::e_float, Policy>
{
   typedef typename mpl::if_c<
      std::numeric_limits< ::e_float>::digits10 < 22,
      lanczos13UDT,
      typename mpl::if_c<
         std::numeric_limits< ::e_float>::digits10 < 36,
         lanczos22UDT,
         typename mpl::if_c<
            std::numeric_limits< ::e_float>::digits10 < 50,
            lanczos31UDT,
            typename mpl::if_c<
               std::numeric_limits< ::e_float>::digits10 < 110,
               lanczos61UDT,
               undefined_lanczos
            >::type
         >::type
      >::type
   >::type type;
};

} // namespace lanczos

template <class Policy>
inline boost::math::ef::e_float skewness(const extreme_value_distribution<boost::math::ef::e_float, Policy>& /*dist*/)
{
   //
   // This is 12 * sqrt(6) * zeta(3) / pi^3:
   // See http://mathworld.wolfram.com/ExtremeValueDistribution.html
   //
   return boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("1.1395470994046486574927930193898461120875997958366");
}

template <class Policy>
inline boost::math::ef::e_float skewness(const rayleigh_distribution<boost::math::ef::e_float, Policy>& /*dist*/)
{
  // using namespace boost::math::constants;
  return boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("0.63111065781893713819189935154422777984404221106391");
  // Computed using NTL at 150 bit, about 50 decimal digits.
  // return 2 * root_pi<RealType>() * pi_minus_three<RealType>() / pow23_four_minus_pi<RealType>();
}

template <class Policy>
inline boost::math::ef::e_float kurtosis(const rayleigh_distribution<boost::math::ef::e_float, Policy>& /*dist*/)
{
  // using namespace boost::math::constants;
  return boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("3.2450893006876380628486604106197544154170667057995");
  // Computed using NTL at 150 bit, about 50 decimal digits.
  // return 3 - (6 * pi<RealType>() * pi<RealType>() - 24 * pi<RealType>() + 16) /
  // (four_minus_pi<RealType>() * four_minus_pi<RealType>());
}

template <class Policy>
inline boost::math::ef::e_float kurtosis_excess(const rayleigh_distribution<boost::math::ef::e_float, Policy>& /*dist*/)
{
  //using namespace boost::math::constants;
  // Computed using NTL at 150 bit, about 50 decimal digits.
  return boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("0.2450893006876380628486604106197544154170667057995");
  // return -(6 * pi<RealType>() * pi<RealType>() - 24 * pi<RealType>() + 16) /
  //   (four_minus_pi<RealType>() * four_minus_pi<RealType>());
} // kurtosis

namespace detail{

//
// Version of Digamma accurate to ~100 decimal digits.
//
template <class Policy>
boost::math::ef::e_float digamma_imp(boost::math::ef::e_float x, const mpl::int_<0>* , const Policy& pol)
{
   //
   // This handles reflection of negative arguments, and all our
   // eboost::math::ef::e_floator handling, then forwards to the T-specific approximation.
   //
   BOOST_MATH_STD_USING // ADL of std functions.

   boost::math::ef::e_float result = 0;
   //
   // Check for negative arguments and use reflection:
   //
   if(x < 0)
   {
      // Reflect:
      x = 1 - x;
      // Argument reduction for tan:
      boost::math::ef::e_float remainder = x - floor(x);
      // Shift to negative if > 0.5:
      if(remainder > 0.5)
      {
         remainder -= 1;
      }
      //
      // check for evaluation at a negative pole:
      //
      if(remainder == 0)
      {
         return policies::raise_pole_error<boost::math::ef::e_float>("boost::math::digamma<%1%>(%1%)", 0, (1-x), pol);
      }
      result = constants::pi<boost::math::ef::e_float>() / tan(constants::pi<boost::math::ef::e_float>() * remainder);
   }
   result += big_digamma(x);
   return result;
}
boost::math::ef::e_float bessel_i0(boost::math::ef::e_float x)
{
    static const boost::math::ef::e_float P1[] = {
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-2.2335582639474375249e+15"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-5.5050369673018427753e+14"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-3.2940087627407749166e+13"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-8.4925101247114157499e+11"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-1.1912746104985237192e+10"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-1.0313066708737980747e+08"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-5.9545626019847898221e+05"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-2.4125195876041896775e+03"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-7.0935347449210549190e+00"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-1.5453977791786851041e-02"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-2.5172644670688975051e-05"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-3.0517226450451067446e-08"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-2.6843448573468483278e-11"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-1.5982226675653184646e-14"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-5.2487866627945699800e-18"),
    };
    static const boost::math::ef::e_float Q1[] = {
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-2.2335582639474375245e+15"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("7.8858692566751002988e+12"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-1.2207067397808979846e+10"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("1.0377081058062166144e+07"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-4.8527560179962773045e+03"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("1.0"),
    };
    static const boost::math::ef::e_float P2[] = {
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-2.2210262233306573296e-04"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("1.3067392038106924055e-02"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-4.4700805721174453923e-01"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("5.5674518371240761397e+00"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-2.3517945679239481621e+01"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("3.1611322818701131207e+01"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-9.6090021968656180000e+00"),
    };
    static const boost::math::ef::e_float Q2[] = {
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-5.5194330231005480228e-04"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("3.2547697594819615062e-02"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-1.1151759188741312645e+00"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("1.3982595353892851542e+01"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-6.0228002066743340583e+01"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("8.5539563258012929600e+01"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-3.1446690275135491500e+01"),
        boost::lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("1.0"),
    };
    boost::math::ef::e_float value, factor, r;

    BOOST_MATH_STD_USING
    using namespace boost::math::tools;

    if (x < 0)
    {
        x = -x;                         // even function
    }
    if (x == 0)
    {
        return static_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>(1);
    }
    if (x <= 15)                        // x in (0, 15]
    {
        boost::math::ef::e_float y = x * x;
        value = evaluate_polynomial(P1, y) / evaluate_polynomial(Q1, y);
    }
    else                                // x in (15, \infty)
    {
        boost::math::ef::e_float y = 1 / x - 1 / 15;
        r = evaluate_polynomial(P2, y) / evaluate_polynomial(Q2, y);
        factor = exp(x) / sqrt(x);
        value = factor * r;
    }

    return value;
}

boost::math::ef::e_float bessel_i1(boost::math::ef::e_float x)
{
    static const boost::math::ef::e_float P1[] = {
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-1.4577180278143463643e+15"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-1.7732037840791591320e+14"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-6.9876779648010090070e+12"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-1.3357437682275493024e+11"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-1.4828267606612366099e+09"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-1.0588550724769347106e+07"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-5.1894091982308017540e+04"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-1.8225946631657315931e+02"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-4.7207090827310162436e-01"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-9.1746443287817501309e-04"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-1.3466829827635152875e-06"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-1.4831904935994647675e-09"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-1.1928788903603238754e-12"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-6.5245515583151902910e-16"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-1.9705291802535139930e-19"),
    };
    static const boost::math::ef::e_float Q1[] = {
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-2.9154360556286927285e+15"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("9.7887501377547640438e+12"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-1.4386907088588283434e+10"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("1.1594225856856884006e+07"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-5.1326864679904189920e+03"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("1.0"),
    };
    static const boost::math::ef::e_float P2[] = {
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("1.4582087408985668208e-05"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-8.9359825138577646443e-04"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("2.9204895411257790122e-02"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-3.4198728018058047439e-01"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("1.3960118277609544334e+00"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-1.9746376087200685843e+00"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("8.5591872901933459000e-01"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-6.0437159056137599999e-02"),
    };
    static const boost::math::ef::e_float Q2[] = {
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("3.7510433111922824643e-05"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-2.2835624489492512649e-03"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("7.4212010813186530069e-02"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-8.5017476463217924408e-01"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("3.2593714889036996297e+00"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("-3.8806586721556593450e+00"),
        lexical_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>("1.0"),
    };
    boost::math::ef::e_float value, factor, r, w;

    BOOST_MATH_STD_USING
    using namespace boost::math::tools;

    w = abs(x);
    if (x == 0)
    {
        return static_cast<boost::math::ef::e_float>(0);
    }
    if (w <= 15)                        // w in (0, 15]
    {
        boost::math::ef::e_float y = x * x;
        r = evaluate_polynomial(P1, y) / evaluate_polynomial(Q1, y);
        factor = w;
        value = factor * r;
    }
    else                                // w in (15, \infty)
    {
        boost::math::ef::e_float y = 1 / w - boost::math::ef::e_float(1) / 15;
        r = evaluate_polynomial(P2, y) / evaluate_polynomial(Q2, y);
        factor = exp(w) / sqrt(w);
        value = factor * r;
    }

    if (x < 0)
    {
        value *= -value;                 // odd function
    }
    return value;
}

} // namespace detail

}}
#endif // BOOST_MATH_E_FLOAT_BINDINGS_HPP