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Class template segment_manager

boost::interprocess::segment_manager

Synopsis

// In header: <boost/interprocess/segment_manager.hpp>

template<typename CharType, typename MemoryAlgorithm, 
         template< class IndexConfig > class IndexType> 
class segment_manager :
  public boost::interprocess::segment_manager_base< MemoryAlgorithm >
{
public:
  // types
  typedef MemoryAlgorithm                                                                 memory_algorithm;         
  typedef Base::void_pointer                                                              void_pointer;             
  typedef Base::size_type                                                                 size_type;                
  typedef Base::difference_type                                                           difference_type;          
  typedef CharType                                                                        char_type;                
  typedef segment_manager_base< MemoryAlgorithm >                                         segment_manager_base_type;
  typedef Base::mutex_family                                                              mutex_family;             
  typedef transform_iterator< typename named_index_t::const_iterator, named_transform >   const_named_iterator;     
  typedef transform_iterator< typename unique_index_t::const_iterator, unique_transform > const_unique_iterator;    

  // member classes/structs/unions
  template<typename T> 
  struct allocator {
    // types
    typedef boost::interprocess::allocator< T, segment_manager > type;
  };
  template<typename T> 
  struct deleter {
    // types
    typedef boost::interprocess::deleter< T, segment_manager > type;
  };

  // construct/copy/destruct
  segment_manager(size_type);

  // public member functions
  template<typename T> std::pair< T *, size_type > find(const CharType *);
  template<typename T> std::pair< T *, size_type > find(unspecified);
  template<typename T> 
    std::pair< T *, size_type > find_no_lock(const CharType *);
  template<typename T> std::pair< T *, size_type > find_no_lock(unspecified);
  template<typename T> construct_proxy< T >::type construct(char_ptr_holder_t);
  template<typename T> 
    construct_proxy< T >::type find_or_construct(char_ptr_holder_t);
  template<typename T> 
    construct_proxy< T >::type construct(char_ptr_holder_t, std::nothrow_t);
  template<typename T> 
    construct_proxy< T >::type 
    find_or_construct(char_ptr_holder_t, std::nothrow_t);
  template<typename T> 
    construct_iter_proxy< T >::type construct_it(char_ptr_holder_t);
  template<typename T> 
    construct_iter_proxy< T >::type find_or_construct_it(char_ptr_holder_t);
  template<typename T> 
    construct_iter_proxy< T >::type 
    construct_it(char_ptr_holder_t, std::nothrow_t);
  template<typename T> 
    construct_iter_proxy< T >::type 
    find_or_construct_it(char_ptr_holder_t, std::nothrow_t);
  template<typename Func> *void atomic_func(Func &);
  template<typename Func> bool try_atomic_func(Func &);
  template<typename T> bool destroy(unspecified);
  template<typename T> bool destroy(const CharType *);
  template<typename T> void destroy_ptr(const T *);
  void reserve_named_objects(size_type);
  void reserve_unique_objects(size_type);
  void shrink_to_fit_indexes();
  size_type get_num_named_objects();
  size_type get_num_unique_objects();
  const_named_iterator named_begin() const;
  const_named_iterator named_end() const;
  const_unique_iterator unique_begin() const;
  const_unique_iterator unique_end() const;
  template<typename T> allocator< T >::type get_allocator();
  template<typename T> deleter< T >::type get_deleter();

  // public static functions
  template<typename T> static const CharType * get_instance_name(const T *);
  template<typename T> static size_type get_instance_length(const T *);
  template<typename T> static instance_type get_instance_type(const T *);
  static size_type get_min_size();

  // public data members
  static const size_type PayloadPerAllocation;
};

Description

This object is placed in the beginning of memory segment and implements the allocation (named or anonymous) of portions of the segment. This object contains two indexes that maintain an association between a name and a portion of the segment.

The first index contains the mappings for normal named objects using the char type specified in the template parameter.

The second index contains the association for unique instances. The key will be the const char * returned from type_info.name() function for the unique type to be constructed.

segment_manager<CharType, MemoryAlgorithm, IndexType> inherits publicly from segment_manager_base<MemoryAlgorithm> and inherits from it many public functions related to anonymous object and raw memory allocation. See segment_manager_base reference to know about those functions.

segment_manager public construct/copy/destruct

  1. segment_manager(size_type size);

    Constructor of the segment manager "size" is the size of the memory segment where the segment manager is being constructed. Can throw

segment_manager public member functions

  1. template<typename T> std::pair< T *, size_type > find(const CharType * name);

    Tries to find a previous named allocation. Returns the address and the object count. On failure the first member of the returned pair is 0.

  2. template<typename T> std::pair< T *, size_type > find(unspecified name);

    Tries to find a previous unique allocation. Returns the address and the object count. On failure the first member of the returned pair is 0.

  3. template<typename T> 
      std::pair< T *, size_type > find_no_lock(const CharType * name);

    Tries to find a previous named allocation. Returns the address and the object count. On failure the first member of the returned pair is 0. This search is not mutex-protected!

  4. template<typename T> 
      std::pair< T *, size_type > find_no_lock(unspecified name);

    Tries to find a previous unique allocation. Returns the address and the object count. On failure the first member of the returned pair is 0. This search is not mutex-protected!

  5. template<typename T> 
      construct_proxy< T >::type construct(char_ptr_holder_t name);

    Returns throwing "construct" proxy object

  6. template<typename T> 
      construct_proxy< T >::type find_or_construct(char_ptr_holder_t name);

    Returns throwing "search or construct" proxy object

  7. template<typename T> 
      construct_proxy< T >::type construct(char_ptr_holder_t name, std::nothrow_t);

    Returns no throwing "construct" proxy object

  8. template<typename T> 
      construct_proxy< T >::type 
      find_or_construct(char_ptr_holder_t name, std::nothrow_t);

    Returns no throwing "search or construct" proxy object

  9. template<typename T> 
      construct_iter_proxy< T >::type construct_it(char_ptr_holder_t name);
    Returns throwing "construct from iterators" proxy object.
  10. template<typename T> 
      construct_iter_proxy< T >::type find_or_construct_it(char_ptr_holder_t name);

    Returns throwing "search or construct from iterators" proxy object

  11. template<typename T> 
      construct_iter_proxy< T >::type 
      construct_it(char_ptr_holder_t name, std::nothrow_t);

    Returns no throwing "construct from iterators" proxy object

  12. template<typename T> 
      construct_iter_proxy< T >::type 
      find_or_construct_it(char_ptr_holder_t name, std::nothrow_t);

    Returns no throwing "search or construct from iterators" proxy object

  13. template<typename Func> *void atomic_func(Func & f);

    Calls object function blocking recursive interprocess_mutex and guarantees that no new named_alloc or destroy will be executed by any process while executing the object function call

  14. template<typename Func> bool try_atomic_func(Func & f);

    Tries to calls a functor guaranteeing that no new construction, search or destruction will be executed by any process while executing the object function call. If the atomic function can't be immediatelly executed because the internal mutex is already locked, returns false. If the functor throws, this function throws.

  15. template<typename T> bool destroy(unspecified);

    Destroys a previously created unique instance. Returns false if the object was not present.

  16. template<typename T> bool destroy(const CharType * name);

    Destroys the named object with the given name. Returns false if that object can't be found.

  17. template<typename T> void destroy_ptr(const T * p);

    Destroys an anonymous, unique or named object using it's address

  18. void reserve_named_objects(size_type num);

    Preallocates needed index resources to optimize the creation of "num" named objects in the managed memory segment. Can throw boost::interprocess::bad_alloc if there is no enough memory.

  19. void reserve_unique_objects(size_type num);

    Preallocates needed index resources to optimize the creation of "num" unique objects in the managed memory segment. Can throw boost::interprocess::bad_alloc if there is no enough memory.

  20. void shrink_to_fit_indexes();

    Calls shrink_to_fit in both named and unique object indexes to try to free unused memory from those indexes.

  21. size_type get_num_named_objects();

    Returns the number of named objects stored in the segment.

  22. size_type get_num_unique_objects();

    Returns the number of unique objects stored in the segment.

  23. const_named_iterator named_begin() const;

    Returns a constant iterator to the beginning of the information about the named allocations performed in this segment manager

  24. const_named_iterator named_end() const;

    Returns a constant iterator to the end of the information about the named allocations performed in this segment manager

  25. const_unique_iterator unique_begin() const;

    Returns a constant iterator to the beginning of the information about the unique allocations performed in this segment manager

  26. const_unique_iterator unique_end() const;

    Returns a constant iterator to the end of the information about the unique allocations performed in this segment manager

  27. template<typename T> allocator< T >::type get_allocator();

    Returns an instance of the default allocator for type T initialized that allocates memory from this segment manager.

  28. template<typename T> deleter< T >::type get_deleter();

    Returns an instance of the default allocator for type T initialized that allocates memory from this segment manager.

segment_manager public static functions

  1. template<typename T> static const CharType * get_instance_name(const T * ptr);

    Returns the name of an object created with construct/find_or_construct functions. Does not throw

  2. template<typename T> static size_type get_instance_length(const T * ptr);

    Returns the length of an object created with construct/find_or_construct functions. Does not throw.

  3. template<typename T> static instance_type get_instance_type(const T * ptr);

    Returns is the the name of an object created with construct/find_or_construct functions. Does not throw

  4. static size_type get_min_size();

    Obtains the minimum size needed by the segment manager

segment_manager public public data members

  1. static const size_type PayloadPerAllocation;

    This constant indicates the payload size associated with each allocation of the memory algorithm


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