Boost C++ Libraries

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deadline_timer

Typedef for the typical usage of timer. Uses a UTC clock.

typedef basic_deadline_timer< boost::posix_time::ptime > deadline_timer;
Types

Name

Description

duration_type

The duration type.

implementation_type

The underlying implementation type of I/O object.

service_type

The type of the service that will be used to provide I/O operations.

time_type

The time type.

traits_type

The time traits type.

Member Functions

Name

Description

async_wait

Start an asynchronous wait on the timer.

basic_deadline_timer

Constructor.

Constructor to set a particular expiry time as an absolute time.

Constructor to set a particular expiry time relative to now.

cancel

Cancel any asynchronous operations that are waiting on the timer.

cancel_one

Cancels one asynchronous operation that is waiting on the timer.

expires_at

Get the timer's expiry time as an absolute time.

Set the timer's expiry time as an absolute time.

expires_from_now

Get the timer's expiry time relative to now.

Set the timer's expiry time relative to now.

get_io_service

Get the io_service associated with the object.

wait

Perform a blocking wait on the timer.

Protected Member Functions

Name

Description

get_implementation

Get the underlying implementation of the I/O object.

get_service

Get the service associated with the I/O object.

Protected Data Members

Name

Description

implementation

(Deprecated: Use get_implementation().) The underlying implementation of the I/O object.

service

(Deprecated: Use get_service().) The service associated with the I/O object.

The basic_deadline_timer class template provides the ability to perform a blocking or asynchronous wait for a timer to expire.

A deadline timer is always in one of two states: "expired" or "not expired". If the wait() or async_wait() function is called on an expired timer, the wait operation will complete immediately.

Most applications will use the deadline_timer typedef.

Thread Safety

Distinct objects: Safe.

Shared objects: Unsafe.

Examples

Performing a blocking wait:

// Construct a timer without setting an expiry time.
boost::asio::deadline_timer timer(io_service);

// Set an expiry time relative to now.
timer.expires_from_now(boost::posix_time::seconds(5));

// Wait for the timer to expire.
timer.wait();

Performing an asynchronous wait:

void handler(const boost::system::error_code& error)
{
  if (!error)
  {
    // Timer expired.
  }
}

...

// Construct a timer with an absolute expiry time.
boost::asio::deadline_timer timer(io_service,
    boost::posix_time::time_from_string("2005-12-07 23:59:59.000"));

// Start an asynchronous wait.
timer.async_wait(handler);
Changing an active deadline_timer's expiry time

Changing the expiry time of a timer while there are pending asynchronous waits causes those wait operations to be cancelled. To ensure that the action associated with the timer is performed only once, use something like this: used:

void on_some_event()
{
  if (my_timer.expires_from_now(seconds(5)) > 0)
  {
    // We managed to cancel the timer. Start new asynchronous wait.
    my_timer.async_wait(on_timeout);
  }
  else
  {
    // Too late, timer has already expired!
  }
}

void on_timeout(const boost::system::error_code& e)
{
  if (e != boost::asio::error::operation_aborted)
  {
    // Timer was not cancelled, take necessary action.
  }
}
Requirements

Header: boost/asio/deadline_timer.hpp

Convenience header: boost/asio.hpp


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