Boost C++ Libraries

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Using function hooks

A programmer might find that base or member hooks are not flexible enough in some situations. In some applications it would be optimal to put a hook deep inside a member of a class or just outside the class. Boost.Intrusive has an easy option to allow such cases: function_hook.

This option is similar to member_hook or base_hook, but the programmer can specify a function object that tells the container how to obtain a hook from a value and vice versa. The programmer just needs to define the following function object:

//This functor converts between value_type and a hook_type
struct Functor
{
   //Required types
   typedef /*impl-defined*/      hook_type;
   typedef /*impl-defined*/      hook_ptr;
   typedef /*impl-defined*/      const_hook_ptr;
   typedef /*impl-defined*/      value_type;
   typedef /*impl-defined*/      pointer;
   typedef /*impl-defined*/      const_pointer;
   //Required static functions
   static hook_ptr to_hook_ptr (value_type &value);
   static const_hook_ptr to_hook_ptr(const value_type &value);
   static pointer to_value_ptr(hook_ptr n);
   static const_pointer to_value_ptr(const_hook_ptr n);
};

Converting from values to hooks is generally easy, since most hooks are in practice members or base classes of class data members. The inverse operation is a bit more complicated, but Boost.Intrusive offers a bit of help with the function get_parent_from_member, which allows easy conversions from the address of a data member to the address of the parent holding that member. Let's see a little example of function_hook:

#include <boost/intrusive/list.hpp>
#include <boost/intrusive/parent_from_member.hpp>

using namespace boost::intrusive;

struct MyClass
{
   int dummy;
   //This internal type has a member hook
   struct InnerNode
   {
      int dummy;
      list_member_hook<> hook;
   } inner;
};

//This functor converts between MyClass and InnerNode's member hook
struct Functor
{
   //Required types
   typedef list_member_hook<>    hook_type;
   typedef hook_type*            hook_ptr;
   typedef const hook_type*      const_hook_ptr;
   typedef MyClass               value_type;
   typedef value_type*           pointer;
   typedef const value_type*     const_pointer;

   //Required static functions
   static hook_ptr to_hook_ptr (value_type &value)
      {  return &value.inner.hook; }
   static const_hook_ptr to_hook_ptr(const value_type &value)
      {  return &value.inner.hook; }
   static pointer to_value_ptr(hook_ptr n)
   {
      return get_parent_from_member<MyClass>
         (get_parent_from_member<MyClass::InnerNode>(n, &MyClass::InnerNode::hook)
         ,&MyClass::inner
      );
   }
   static const_pointer to_value_ptr(const_hook_ptr n)
   {
      return get_parent_from_member<MyClass>
         (get_parent_from_member<MyClass::InnerNode>(n, &MyClass::InnerNode::hook)
         ,&MyClass::inner
      );
   }
};

//Define a list that will use the hook accessed through the function object
typedef list< MyClass, function_hook< Functor> >  List;

int main()
{
   MyClass n;
   List l;
   //Insert the node in both lists
   l.insert(l.begin(), n);
   assert(l.size() == 1);
   return 0;
}


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