Boost C++ Libraries

...one of the most highly regarded and expertly designed C++ library projects in the world. Herb Sutter and Andrei Alexandrescu, C++ Coding Standards

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Functional

Concepts
Callable Object
Regular Callable Object
Deferred Callable Object
Polymorphic Function Object
Invocation
Functions
Metafunctions
Limits
Adapters
fused
fused_procedure
fused_function_object
unfused
unfused_typed
Limits
Generation
Functions
Metafunctions

Components to call functions and function objects and to make Fusion code callable through a function object interface.

Header

#include <boost/fusion/functional.hpp>

Fused and unfused forms

What is a function call?

f (a,b,c)

It is a name and a tuple written next to each other, left-to-right.

Although the C++ syntax does not allow to replace (a,b,c) with some Fusion Sequence, introducing yet another function provides a solution:

invoke(f,my_sequence)

Alternatively it is possible to apply a simple transformation to f in order to achieve the same effect:

f tuple <=> f' (tuple)

Now, f' is an unary function that takes the arguments to f as a tuple; f' is the fused form of f. Reading the above equivalence right-to-left to get the inverse transformation, f is the unfused form of f'.

Calling functions and function objects

Having generic C++ code call back arbitrary functions provided by the client used to be a heavily repetitive task, as different functions can differ in arity, invocation syntax and other properties that might be part of the type. Transporting arguments as Fusion sequences and factoring out the invocation makes Fusion algorithms applicable to function arguments and also reduces the problem to one invocation syntax and a fixed arity (instead of an arbitrary number of arbitrary arguments times several syntactic variants times additional properties).

Transforming an unfused function into its fused counterpart allows n-ary calls from an algorithm that invokes an unary Polymorphic Function Object with Sequence arguments.

The library provides several function templates to invoke different kinds of functions and adapters to transform them into fused form, respectively. Every variant has a corresponding generator function template that returns an adapter instance for the given argument.

Constructors can be called applying Boost.Functional/Factory.

Making Fusion code callable through a function object interface

Transforming a fused function into its unfused counterpart allows to create function objects to accept arbitrary calls. In other words, an unary function object can be implemented instead of (maybe heavily overloaded) function templates or function call operators.

The library provides both a strictly typed and a generic variant for this transformation. The latter should be used in combination with Boost.Functional/Forward to attack The Forwarding Problem.

Both variants have a corresponding generator function template that returns an adapter instance for the given argument.


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