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boost/container/detail/node_pool_impl.hpp

//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// (C) Copyright Ion Gaztanaga 2005-2011. Distributed under the Boost
// Software License, Version 1.0. (See accompanying file
// LICENSE_1_0.txt or copy at http://www.boost.org/LICENSE_1_0.txt)
//
// See http://www.boost.org/libs/container for documentation.
//
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

#ifndef BOOST_CONTAINER_DETAIL_NODE_POOL_IMPL_HPP
#define BOOST_CONTAINER_DETAIL_NODE_POOL_IMPL_HPP

#if (defined _MSC_VER) && (_MSC_VER >= 1200)
#  pragma once
#endif

#include "config_begin.hpp"
#include <boost/container/container_fwd.hpp>
#include <boost/container/detail/workaround.hpp>
#include <boost/container/detail/utilities.hpp>
#include <boost/intrusive/pointer_traits.hpp>
#include <boost/intrusive/set.hpp>
#include <boost/intrusive/slist.hpp>
#include <boost/container/detail/type_traits.hpp>
#include <boost/container/detail/math_functions.hpp>
#include <boost/container/detail/mpl.hpp>
#include <boost/container/detail/pool_common.hpp>
#include <boost/assert.hpp>
#include <cstddef>
#include <functional>   //std::unary_function

namespace boost {
namespace container {
namespace container_detail {

template<class SegmentManagerBase>
class private_node_pool_impl
{
   //Non-copyable
   private_node_pool_impl();
   private_node_pool_impl(const private_node_pool_impl &);
   private_node_pool_impl &operator=(const private_node_pool_impl &);

   //A node object will hold node_t when it's not allocated
   public:
   typedef typename SegmentManagerBase::void_pointer              void_pointer;
   typedef typename node_slist<void_pointer>::slist_hook_t        slist_hook_t;
   typedef typename node_slist<void_pointer>::node_t              node_t;
   typedef typename node_slist<void_pointer>::node_slist_t        free_nodes_t;
   typedef typename SegmentManagerBase::multiallocation_chain     multiallocation_chain;
   typedef typename SegmentManagerBase::size_type                 size_type;

   private:
   typedef typename bi::make_slist
      < node_t, bi::base_hook<slist_hook_t>
      , bi::linear<true>
      , bi::constant_time_size<false> >::type      blockslist_t;
   public:

   //!Segment manager typedef
   typedef SegmentManagerBase segment_manager_base_type;

   //!Constructor from a segment manager. Never throws
   private_node_pool_impl(segment_manager_base_type *segment_mngr_base, size_type node_size, size_type nodes_per_block)
   :  m_nodes_per_block(nodes_per_block)
   ,  m_real_node_size(lcm(node_size, size_type(alignment_of<node_t>::value)))
      //General purpose allocator
   ,  mp_segment_mngr_base(segment_mngr_base)
   ,  m_blocklist()
   ,  m_freelist()
      //Debug node count
   ,  m_allocated(0)
   {}

   //!Destructor. Deallocates all allocated blocks. Never throws
   ~private_node_pool_impl()
   {  this->purge_blocks();  }

   size_type get_real_num_node() const
   {  return m_nodes_per_block; }

   //!Returns the segment manager. Never throws
   segment_manager_base_type* get_segment_manager_base()const
   {  return container_detail::to_raw_pointer(mp_segment_mngr_base);  }

   void *allocate_node()
   {  return priv_alloc_node();  }
   
   //!Deallocates an array pointed by ptr. Never throws
   void deallocate_node(void *ptr)
   {  priv_dealloc_node(ptr); }

   //!Allocates a singly linked list of n nodes ending in null pointer. 
   multiallocation_chain allocate_nodes(const size_type n)
   {
      //Preallocate all needed blocks to fulfill the request
      size_type cur_nodes = m_freelist.size();
      if(cur_nodes < n){
         priv_alloc_block(((n - cur_nodes) - 1)/m_nodes_per_block + 1);
      }

      //We just iterate the needed nodes to get the last we'll erase
      typedef typename free_nodes_t::iterator free_iterator;
      free_iterator before_last_new_it = m_freelist.before_begin();
      for(size_type j = 0; j != n; ++j){
         ++before_last_new_it;
      }

      //Cache the first node of the allocated range before erasing
      free_iterator first_node(m_freelist.begin());
      free_iterator last_node (before_last_new_it);

      //Erase the range. Since we already have the distance, this is O(1)
      m_freelist.erase_after( m_freelist.before_begin()
                            , ++free_iterator(before_last_new_it)
                            , n);

      //Now take the last erased node and just splice it in the end
      //of the intrusive list that will be traversed by the multialloc iterator.
      multiallocation_chain chain;
      chain.incorporate_after(chain.before_begin(), &*first_node, &*last_node, n);
      m_allocated += n;
      return boost::move(chain);
   }

   void deallocate_nodes(multiallocation_chain chain)
   {
      typedef typename multiallocation_chain::iterator iterator;
      iterator it(chain.begin()), itend(chain.end());
      while(it != itend){
         void *pElem = &*it;
         ++it;
         priv_dealloc_node(pElem);
      }
   }

   //!Deallocates all the free blocks of memory. Never throws
   void deallocate_free_blocks()
   {
      typedef typename free_nodes_t::iterator nodelist_iterator;
      typename blockslist_t::iterator bit(m_blocklist.before_begin()),
                                      it(m_blocklist.begin()),
                                      itend(m_blocklist.end());
      free_nodes_t backup_list;
      nodelist_iterator backup_list_last = backup_list.before_begin();

      //Execute the algorithm and get an iterator to the last value
      size_type blocksize = get_rounded_size
         (m_real_node_size*m_nodes_per_block, (size_type) alignment_of<node_t>::value);

      while(it != itend){
         //Collect all the nodes from the block pointed by it
         //and push them in the list
         free_nodes_t free_nodes;
         nodelist_iterator last_it = free_nodes.before_begin();
         const void *addr = get_block_from_hook(&*it, blocksize);

         m_freelist.remove_and_dispose_if
            (is_between(addr, blocksize), push_in_list(free_nodes, last_it));

         //If the number of nodes is equal to m_nodes_per_block
         //this means that the block can be deallocated
         if(free_nodes.size() == m_nodes_per_block){
            //Unlink the nodes
            free_nodes.clear();
            it = m_blocklist.erase_after(bit);
            mp_segment_mngr_base->deallocate((void*)addr);
         }
         //Otherwise, insert them in the backup list, since the
         //next "remove_if" does not need to check them again.
         else{
            //Assign the iterator to the last value if necessary
            if(backup_list.empty() && !m_freelist.empty()){
               backup_list_last = last_it;
            }
            //Transfer nodes. This is constant time.
            backup_list.splice_after
               ( backup_list.before_begin()
               , free_nodes
               , free_nodes.before_begin()
               , last_it
               , free_nodes.size());
            bit = it;
            ++it;
         }
      }
      //We should have removed all the nodes from the free list
      BOOST_ASSERT(m_freelist.empty());

      //Now pass all the node to the free list again
      m_freelist.splice_after
         ( m_freelist.before_begin()
         , backup_list
         , backup_list.before_begin()
         , backup_list_last
         , backup_list.size());
   }

   size_type num_free_nodes()
   {  return m_freelist.size();  }

   //!Deallocates all used memory. Precondition: all nodes allocated from this pool should
   //!already be deallocated. Otherwise, undefined behaviour. Never throws
   void purge_blocks()
   {
      //check for memory leaks
      BOOST_ASSERT(m_allocated==0);
      size_type blocksize = get_rounded_size
         (m_real_node_size*m_nodes_per_block, (size_type)alignment_of<node_t>::value);
      typename blockslist_t::iterator
         it(m_blocklist.begin()), itend(m_blocklist.end()), aux;

      //We iterate though the NodeBlock list to free the memory
      while(!m_blocklist.empty()){
         void *addr = get_block_from_hook(&m_blocklist.front(), blocksize);
         m_blocklist.pop_front();
         mp_segment_mngr_base->deallocate((void*)addr);
      }
      //Just clear free node list
      m_freelist.clear();
   }

   void swap(private_node_pool_impl &other)
   {
      BOOST_ASSERT(m_nodes_per_block == other.m_nodes_per_block);
      BOOST_ASSERT(m_real_node_size == other.m_real_node_size);
      std::swap(mp_segment_mngr_base, other.mp_segment_mngr_base);
      m_blocklist.swap(other.m_blocklist);
      m_freelist.swap(other.m_freelist);
      std::swap(m_allocated, other.m_allocated);
   }

   private:

   struct push_in_list
   {
      push_in_list(free_nodes_t &l, typename free_nodes_t::iterator &it)
         :  slist_(l), last_it_(it)
      {}
      
      void operator()(typename free_nodes_t::pointer p) const
      {
         slist_.push_front(*p);
         if(slist_.size() == 1){ //Cache last element
            ++last_it_ = slist_.begin();
         }
      }

      private:
      free_nodes_t &slist_;
      typename free_nodes_t::iterator &last_it_;
   };

   struct is_between
      :  std::unary_function<typename free_nodes_t::value_type, bool>
   {
      is_between(const void *addr, std::size_t size)
         :  beg_(static_cast<const char *>(addr)), end_(beg_+size)
      {}
      
      bool operator()(typename free_nodes_t::const_reference v) const
      {
         return (beg_ <= reinterpret_cast<const char *>(&v) && 
                 end_ >  reinterpret_cast<const char *>(&v));
      }
      private:
      const char *      beg_;
      const char *      end_;
   };

   //!Allocates one node, using single segregated storage algorithm.
   //!Never throws
   node_t *priv_alloc_node()
   {
      //If there are no free nodes we allocate a new block
      if (m_freelist.empty())
         priv_alloc_block();
      //We take the first free node
      node_t *n = (node_t*)&m_freelist.front();
      m_freelist.pop_front();
      ++m_allocated;
      return n;
   }

   //!Deallocates one node, using single segregated storage algorithm.
   //!Never throws
   void priv_dealloc_node(void *pElem)
   {
      //We put the node at the beginning of the free node list
      node_t * to_deallocate = static_cast<node_t*>(pElem);
      m_freelist.push_front(*to_deallocate);
      BOOST_ASSERT(m_allocated>0);
      --m_allocated;
   }

   //!Allocates several blocks of nodes. Can throw
   void priv_alloc_block(size_type num_blocks = 1)
   {
      if(!num_blocks)
         return;
      size_type blocksize = 
         get_rounded_size(m_real_node_size*m_nodes_per_block, (size_type)alignment_of<node_t>::value);

      try{
         for(size_type i = 0; i != num_blocks; ++i){
            //We allocate a new NodeBlock and put it as first
            //element in the free Node list
            char *pNode = reinterpret_cast<char*>
               (mp_segment_mngr_base->allocate(blocksize + sizeof(node_t)));
            char *pBlock = pNode;
            m_blocklist.push_front(get_block_hook(pBlock, blocksize));

            //We initialize all Nodes in Node Block to insert 
            //them in the free Node list
            for(size_type i = 0; i < m_nodes_per_block; ++i, pNode += m_real_node_size){
               m_freelist.push_front(*new (pNode) node_t);
            }
         }
      }
      catch(...){
         //to-do: if possible, an efficient way to deallocate allocated blocks
         throw;
      }
   }

   //!Deprecated, use deallocate_free_blocks
   void deallocate_free_chunks()
   {  this->deallocate_free_blocks(); }

   //!Deprecated, use purge_blocks
   void purge_chunks()
   {  this->purge_blocks(); }

   private:
   //!Returns a reference to the block hook placed in the end of the block
   static node_t & get_block_hook (void *block, size_type blocksize)
   {  
      return *reinterpret_cast<node_t*>(reinterpret_cast<char*>(block) + blocksize);  
   }

   //!Returns the starting address of the block reference to the block hook placed in the end of the block
   void *get_block_from_hook (node_t *hook, size_type blocksize)
   {  
      return (reinterpret_cast<char*>(hook) - blocksize);
   }

   private:
   typedef typename boost::intrusive::pointer_traits
      <void_pointer>::template rebind_pointer<segment_manager_base_type>::type   segment_mngr_base_ptr_t;

   const size_type m_nodes_per_block;
   const size_type m_real_node_size;
   segment_mngr_base_ptr_t mp_segment_mngr_base;   //Segment manager
   blockslist_t      m_blocklist;      //Intrusive container of blocks
   free_nodes_t      m_freelist;       //Intrusive container of free nods
   size_type       m_allocated;      //Used nodes for debugging
};


}  //namespace container_detail {
}  //namespace container {
}  //namespace boost {

#include <boost/container/detail/config_end.hpp>

#endif   //#ifndef BOOST_CONTAINER_DETAIL_ADAPTIVE_NODE_POOL_IMPL_HPP