...one of the most highly
regarded and expertly designed C++ library projects in the
world.

— Herb Sutter and Andrei
Alexandrescu, C++
Coding Standards

// Version with a colormap to retrieve the bipartitiontemplate <typename Graph, typename IndexMap, typename PartitionMap, typename OutputIterator> OutputIterator find_odd_cycle (const Graph& graph, const IndexMap index_map, PartitionMap partition_map, OutputIterator result) template <typename Graph, typename IndexMap, typename OutputIterator> OutputIterator find_odd_cycle (const Graph& graph, const IndexMap index_map, OutputIterator result)// Version which uses the internal index maptemplate <typename Graph, typename OutputIterator> OutputIterator find_odd_cycle (const Graph& graph, OutputIterator result)

The `find_odd_cycle` function tests a given graph for bipartiteness
using a DFS-based coloring approach.

An undirected graph is bipartite if one can partition its set of vertices
into two sets "left" and "right", such that each edge goes from either side
to the other. Obviously, a two-coloring of the graph is exactly the same as
a two-partition. `is_bipartite()` tests whether such a two-coloring
is possible and can return it in a given property map.

Another equivalent characterization is the non-existance of odd-length cycles,
meaning that a graph is bipartite if and only if it does not contain a
cycle with an odd number of vertices as a subgraph.
`find_odd_cycle()` does nearly the same as
`is_bipartite()`,
but additionally constructs an odd-length cycle if the graph is found to be
not bipartite.

The bipartition is recorded in the color map `partition_map`,
which will contain a two-coloring of the graph, i.e. an assignment of
*black* and *white* to the vertices such that no edge is monochromatic.
The odd-length cycle is written into the Output Iterator `result` if
one exists. The final final iterator is returned by the function.

IN: `const Graph& graph`

An undirected graph. The graph type must be a model of Vertex List Graph and Incidence Graph.

IN: `const IndexMap index_map`

This maps each vertex to an integer in the range

[0, num_vertices(graph)). The typeVertexIndexMapmust be a model of Readable Property Map. The value type of the map must be an integer type. The vertex descriptor type of the graph needs to be usable as the key type of the map.

OUT: `PartitionMap partition_map`

The algorithm tests whether the graph is bipartite and assigns each vertex either a white or a black color, according to the partition. The

PartitionMaptype must be a model of Readable Property Map and Writable Property Map. The value type must model ColorValue.

OUT: `OutputIterator result`

The

find_odd_cyclefunction finds an odd-length cycle if the graph is not bipartite. The sequence of vertices producing such a cycle is written into this iterator. TheOutputIteratortype must be a model of OutputIterator. The graph's vertex descriptor type must be in the set of value types of the iterator. The final value is returned by the function. If the graph is bipartite (i.e. no odd-length cycle exists), nothing is written, thus the given iterator matches the return value.

The time complexity for the algorithm is *O(V + E)*.

The file `example/bipartite_example.cpp`
contains an example of testing an undirected graph for bipartiteness.

Copyright © 2010 Matthias Walter (xammy@xammy.homelinux.net)