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regex_search

#include <boost/regex.hpp>

The algorithm regex_search will search a range denoted by a pair of bidirectional-iterators for a given regular expression. The algorithm uses various heuristics to reduce the search time by only checking for a match if a match could conceivably start at that position. The algorithm is defined as follows:

template <class BidirectionalIterator,
         class Allocator, class charT, class traits>
bool regex_search(BidirectionalIterator first, BidirectionalIterator last,
                  match_results<BidirectionalIterator, Allocator>& m,
                  const basic_regex<charT, traits>& e,
                  match_flag_type flags = match_default);

template <class ST, class SA,
         class Allocator, class charT, class traits>
bool regex_search(const basic_string<charT, ST, SA>& s,
                  match_results<
                     typename basic_string<charT, ST,SA>::const_iterator,
                     Allocator>& m,
                  const basic_regex<charT, traits>& e,
                  match_flag_type flags = match_default);

template<class charT, class Allocator, class traits>
bool regex_search(const charT* str,
                  match_results<const charT*, Allocator>& m,
                  const basic_regex<charT, traits>& e,
                  match_flag_type flags = match_default);

template <class BidirectionalIterator, class charT, class traits>
bool regex_search(BidirectionalIterator first, BidirectionalIterator last,
                  const basic_regex<charT, traits>& e,
                  match_flag_type flags = match_default);

template <class charT, class traits>
bool regex_search(const charT* str,
                  const basic_regex<charT, traits>& e,
                  match_flag_type flags = match_default);

template<class ST, class SA, class charT, class traits>
bool regex_search(const basic_string<charT, ST, SA>& s,
                  const basic_regex<charT, traits>& e,
                  match_flag_type flags = match_default);
Description
template <class BidirectionalIterator, class Allocator, class charT, class traits>
bool regex_search(BidirectionalIterator first, BidirectionalIterator last,
                  match_results<BidirectionalIterator, Allocator>& m,
                  const basic_regex<charT, traits>& e,
                  match_flag_type flags = match_default);

Requires: Type BidirectionalIterator meets the requirements of a Bidirectional Iterator (24.1.4).

Effects: Determines whether there is some sub-sequence within [first,last) that matches the regular expression e, parameter flags is used to control how the expression is matched against the character sequence. Returns true if such a sequence exists, false otherwise.

Throws: std::runtime_error if the complexity of matching the expression against an N character string begins to exceed O(N2), or if the program runs out of stack space while matching the expression (if Boost.Regex is configured in recursive mode), or if the matcher exhausts its permitted memory allocation (if Boost.Regex is configured in non-recursive mode).

Postconditions: If the function returns false, then the effect on parameter m is undefined, otherwise the effects on parameter m are given in the table:

Element

Value

m.size()

e.mark_count()

m.empty()

false

m.prefix().first

first

m.prefix().last

m[0].first

m.prefix().matched

m.prefix().first != m.prefix().second

m.suffix().first

m[0].second

m.suffix().last

last

m.suffix().matched

m.suffix().first != m.suffix().second

m[0].first

The start of the sequence of characters that matched the regular expression

m[0].second

The end of the sequence of characters that matched the regular expression

m[0].matched

true if a full match was found, and false if it was a partial match (found as a result of the match_partial flag being set).

m[n].first

For all integers n < m.size(), the start of the sequence that matched sub-expression n. Alternatively, if sub-expression n did not participate in the match, then last.

m[n].second

For all integers n < m.size(), the end of the sequence that matched sub-expression n. Alternatively, if sub-expression n did not participate in the match, then last.

m[n].matched

For all integers n < m.size(), true if sub-expression n participated in the match, false otherwise.

template <class charT, class Allocator, class traits>
bool regex_search(const charT* str, match_results<const charT*, Allocator>& m,
                  const basic_regex<charT, traits>& e,
                  match_flag_type flags = match_default);

Effects: Returns the result of regex_search(str, str + char_traits<charT>::length(str), m, e, flags).

template <class ST, class SA, class Allocator, class charT,
         class traits>
bool regex_search(const basic_string<charT, ST, SA>& s,
                  match_results<typename basic_string<charT, ST, SA>::const_iterator, Allocator>& m,
                  const basic_regex<charT, traits>& e,
                  match_flag_type flags = match_default);

Effects: Returns the result of regex_search(s.begin(), s.end(), m, e, flags).

template <class iterator, class charT, class traits>
bool regex_search(iterator first, iterator last,
                  const basic_regex<charT, traits>& e,
                  match_flag_type flags = match_default);

Effects: Behaves "as if" by constructing an instance of match_results<BidirectionalIterator> what, and then returning the result of regex_search(first, last, what, e, flags).

template <class charT, class traits>
bool regex_search(const charT* str
                  const basic_regex<charT, traits>& e,
                  match_flag_type flags = match_default);

Effects: Returns the result of regex_search(str, str + char_traits<charT>::length(str), e, flags).

template <class ST, class SA, class charT, class traits>
bool regex_search(const basic_string<charT, ST, SA>& s,
                  const basic_regex<charT, traits>& e,
                  match_flag_type flags = match_default);

Effects: Returns the result of regex_search(s.begin(), s.end(), e, flags).

Examples

The following example, takes the contents of a file in the form of a string, and searches for all the C++ class declarations in the file. The code will work regardless of the way that std::string is implemented, for example it could easily be modified to work with the SGI rope class, which uses a non-contiguous storage strategy.

#include <string>
#include <map>
#include <boost/regex.hpp>

// purpose: 
// takes the contents of a file in the form of a string 
// and searches for all the C++ class definitions, storing 
// their locations in a map of strings/int's 
typedef std::map<std::string, int, std::less<std::string> > map_type;

boost::regex expression(
   "^(template[[:space:]]*<[^;:{]+>[[:space:]]*)?"
   "(class|struct)[[:space:]]*"
   "(\\<\\w+\\>([[:blank:]]*\\([^)]*\\))?"
   "[[:space:]]*)*(\\<\\w*\\>)[[:space:]]*"
   "(<[^;:{]+>[[:space:]]*)?(\\{|:[^;\\{()]*\\{)");

void IndexClasses(map_type& m, const std::string& file)
{
   std::string::const_iterator start, end;
   start = file.begin();
   end = file.end();
      boost::match_results<std::string::const_iterator> what;
   boost::match_flag_type flags = boost::match_default;
   while(regex_search(start, end, what, expression, flags))
   {
      // what[0] contains the whole string 
      // what[5] contains the class name. 
      // what[6] contains the template specialisation if any. 
      // add class name and position to map: 
      m[std::string(what[5].first, what[5].second)
            + std::string(what[6].first, what[6].second)]
         = what[5].first - file.begin();
      // update search position: 
      start = what[0].second;
      // update flags: 
      flags |= boost::match_prev_avail;
      flags |= boost::match_not_bob;
   }
}

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