Boost C++ Libraries

...one of the most highly regarded and expertly designed C++ library projects in the world. Herb Sutter and Andrei Alexandrescu, C++ Coding Standards

Click here to view the latest version of this page.
PrevUpHomeNext
Stream Based Generator API
Description

The library provides a couple of Standard IO Manipulators allowing to integrate Spirit.Karma output generation facilities with Standard output streams. These generator manipulators have two forms. The first form, format, concatenates the output generated by the involved components without inserting any output in between. The second, format_delimited, intersperses the output generated by the involved components using the given delimiter generator. Both versions can take in attributes by (constant) reference that hold the attribute values to output.

Header
// forwards to <boost/spirit/home/karma/stream/format_manip.hpp>
#include <boost/spirit/include/karma_format.hpp>

For variadic attributes:

// forwards to <boost/spirit/home/karma/stream/format_manip_attr.hpp>
#include <boost/spirit/include/karma_format_attr.hpp>

The variadic attributes version of the API allows one or more attributes to be passed into the format manipulators. The manipulators taking two or more attributes are usable when the generator expression is a Sequence (<<) only. In this case each of the attributes passed have to match the corresponding part of the sequence.

For the API functions deducing the correct (matching) generator type from the supplied attribute type:

// forwards to <boost/spirit/home/karma/format_auto.hpp>
#include <boost/spirit/include/karma_format_auto.hpp>

Also, see Include Structure.

Namespace

Name

boost::spirit::karma::format

boost::spirit::karma::format_delimited

boost::spirit::karma::delimit_flag::predelimit

boost::spirit::karma::delimit_flag::dont_predelimit

Synopsis
namespace boost { namespace spirit { namespace karma
{
    template <typename Expr>
    inline <unspecified>
    format(
        Expr const& xpr);

    template <typename Expr
      , typename Attr1, typename Attr2, ..., typename AttrN>
    inline <unspecified>
    format(
        Expr const& xpr
      , Attr1 const& attr1, Attr2 const& attr2, ..., AttrN const& attrN);

    template <typename Expr, typename Delimiter>
    inline <unspecified>
    format_delimited(
        Expr const& expr
      , Delimiter const& d
      , BOOST_SCOPED_ENUM(delimit_flag) pre_delimit = delimit_flag::dont_predelimit);

    template <typename Expr, typename Delimiter
      , typename Attr1, typename Attr2, ..., typename AttrN>
    inline <unspecified>
    format_delimited(
        Expr const& expr
      , Delimiter const& d
      , Attr1 const& attr1, Attr2 const& attr2, ..., AttrN const& attrN);

    template <typename Expr, typename Delimiter
      , typename Attr1, typename Attr2, ..., typename AttrN>
    inline <unspecified>
    format_delimited(
        Expr const& expr
      , Delimiter const& d
      , BOOST_SCOPED_ENUM(delimit_flag) pre_delimit
      , Attr1 const& attr1, Attr2 const& attr2, ..., AttrN const& attrN);
}}}

Spirit.Karma generator API functions based on the automatic creation of the matching generator type:

namespace boost { namespace spirit { namespace karma
{
    template <typename Attr, typename Delimiter>
    inline <unspecified>
    format_delimited(
        Attr const& attr
      , Delimiter const& d
      , BOOST_SCOPED_ENUM(delimit_flag) pre_delimit = delimit_flag::dont_predelimit);

    template <typename Attr>
    inline <unspecified>
    format(
        Attr const& xpr);
}}}

All functions above return a standard IO stream manipulator instance (see Manipulators), which when streamed to an output stream will result in generating the output as emitted by the embedded Spirit.Karma generator expression. Any error occurring during the invocation of the Spirit.Karma generators will be reflected in the streams status flag (std::ios_base::failbit will be set).

The maximum number of supported arguments is limited by the preprocessor constant SPIRIT_ARGUMENTS_LIMIT. This constant defaults to the value defined by the preprocessor constant PHOENIX_LIMIT (which in turn defaults to 10).

[Note] Note

The variadic manipulators with two or more attributes internally combine (constant) references to all passed attributes into a fusion::vector and forward this as a combined attribute to the corresponding manipulator taking one attribute.

The format_delimited manipulators not taking an explicit delimit_flag as one of their arguments don't invoke the passed delimiter before starting to generate output from the generator expression. This can be enabled by using the other version of that manipulator while passing delimit_flag::predelimit to the corresponding argument.

Template parameters

Parameter

Description

Expr

An expression that can be converted to a Karma generator.

Delimiter

Generator used to delimit the output of the expression components.

Attr

An attribute type utilized to create the corresponding generator type from.

Attr1, Attr2, ..., AttrN

One or more attributes.


PrevUpHomeNext