Boost C++ Libraries

...one of the most highly regarded and expertly designed C++ library projects in the world. Herb Sutter and Andrei Alexandrescu, C++ Coding Standards

Click here to view the latest version of this page.

boost/math/policies/error_handling.hpp

//  Copyright John Maddock 2007.
//  Copyright Paul A. Bristow 2007.

//  Use, modification and distribution are subject to the
//  Boost Software License, Version 1.0. (See accompanying file
//  LICENSE_1_0.txt or copy at http://www.boost.org/LICENSE_1_0.txt)

#ifndef BOOST_MATH_POLICY_ERROR_HANDLING_HPP
#define BOOST_MATH_POLICY_ERROR_HANDLING_HPP

#include <stdexcept>
#include <iomanip>
#include <string>
#include <cerrno>
#include <complex>
#include <boost/config/no_tr1/cmath.hpp>
#include <stdexcept>
#include <boost/math/tools/config.hpp>
#include <boost/math/policies/policy.hpp>
#include <boost/math/tools/precision.hpp>
#include <boost/cstdint.hpp>
#ifdef BOOST_MSVC
#  pragma warning(push) // Quiet warnings in boost/format.hpp
#  pragma warning(disable: 4996) // _SCL_SECURE_NO_DEPRECATE
#  pragma warning(disable: 4512) // assignment operator could not be generated.
// And warnings in error handling:
#  pragma warning(disable: 4702) // unreachable code
// Note that this only occurs when the compiler can deduce code is unreachable,
// for example when policy macros are used to ignore errors rather than throw.
#endif
#include <boost/format.hpp>

namespace boost{ namespace math{

class evaluation_error : public std::runtime_error
{
public:
   evaluation_error(const std::string& s) : std::runtime_error(s){}
};

class rounding_error : public std::runtime_error
{
public:
   rounding_error(const std::string& s) : std::runtime_error(s){}
};

namespace policies{
//
// Forward declarations of user error handlers, 
// it's up to the user to provide the definition of these:
//
template <class T>
T user_domain_error(const char* function, const char* message, const T& val);
template <class T>
T user_pole_error(const char* function, const char* message, const T& val);
template <class T>
T user_overflow_error(const char* function, const char* message, const T& val);
template <class T>
T user_underflow_error(const char* function, const char* message, const T& val);
template <class T>
T user_denorm_error(const char* function, const char* message, const T& val);
template <class T>
T user_evaluation_error(const char* function, const char* message, const T& val);
template <class T, class TargetType>
T user_rounding_error(const char* function, const char* message, const T& val, const TargetType& t);
template <class T>
T user_indeterminate_result_error(const char* function, const char* message, const T& val);

namespace detail
{
//
// Helper function to avoid binding rvalue to non-const-reference,
// in other words a warning suppression mechansim:
//
template <class Formatter, class Group>
inline std::string do_format(Formatter f, const Group& g)
{
   return (f % g).str();
}

template <class E, class T>
void raise_error(const char* function, const char* message)
{
  if(function == 0)
       function = "Unknown function operating on type %1%";
  if(message == 0)
       message = "Cause unknown";

  std::string msg("Error in function ");
  msg += (boost::format(function) % typeid(T).name()).str();
  msg += ": ";
  msg += message;

  E e(msg);
  boost::throw_exception(e);
}

template <class E, class T>
void raise_error(const char* function, const char* message, const T& val)
{
  if(function == 0)
     function = "Unknown function operating on type %1%";
  if(message == 0)
     message = "Cause unknown: error caused by bad argument with value %1%";

  std::string msg("Error in function ");
  msg += (boost::format(function) % typeid(T).name()).str();
  msg += ": ";
  msg += message;

  int prec = 2 + (boost::math::policies::digits<T, boost::math::policies::policy<> >() * 30103UL) / 100000UL;
  msg = do_format(boost::format(msg), boost::io::group(std::setprecision(prec), val));

  E e(msg);
  boost::throw_exception(e);
}

template <class T>
inline T raise_domain_error(
           const char* function, 
           const char* message, 
           const T& val, 
           const ::boost::math::policies::domain_error< ::boost::math::policies::throw_on_error>&)
{
   raise_error<std::domain_error, T>(function, message, val);
   // we never get here:
   return std::numeric_limits<T>::quiet_NaN();
}

template <class T>
inline T raise_domain_error(
           const char* , 
           const char* , 
           const T& , 
           const ::boost::math::policies::domain_error< ::boost::math::policies::ignore_error>&)
{
   // This may or may not do the right thing, but the user asked for the error
   // to be ignored so here we go anyway:
   return std::numeric_limits<T>::quiet_NaN();
}

template <class T>
inline T raise_domain_error(
           const char* , 
           const char* , 
           const T& , 
           const ::boost::math::policies::domain_error< ::boost::math::policies::errno_on_error>&)
{
   errno = EDOM;
   // This may or may not do the right thing, but the user asked for the error
   // to be silent so here we go anyway:
   return std::numeric_limits<T>::quiet_NaN();
}

template <class T>
inline T raise_domain_error(
           const char* function, 
           const char* message, 
           const T& val, 
           const  ::boost::math::policies::domain_error< ::boost::math::policies::user_error>&)
{
   return user_domain_error(function, message, val);
}

template <class T>
inline T raise_pole_error(
           const char* function, 
           const char* message, 
           const T& val, 
           const  ::boost::math::policies::pole_error< ::boost::math::policies::throw_on_error>&)
{
   return boost::math::policies::detail::raise_domain_error(function, message, val,  ::boost::math::policies::domain_error< ::boost::math::policies::throw_on_error>());
}

template <class T>
inline T raise_pole_error(
           const char* function, 
           const char* message, 
           const T& val, 
           const  ::boost::math::policies::pole_error< ::boost::math::policies::ignore_error>&)
{
   return  ::boost::math::policies::detail::raise_domain_error(function, message, val,  ::boost::math::policies::domain_error< ::boost::math::policies::ignore_error>());
}

template <class T>
inline T raise_pole_error(
           const char* function, 
           const char* message, 
           const T& val, 
           const  ::boost::math::policies::pole_error< ::boost::math::policies::errno_on_error>&)
{
   return  ::boost::math::policies::detail::raise_domain_error(function, message, val,  ::boost::math::policies::domain_error< ::boost::math::policies::errno_on_error>());
}

template <class T>
inline T raise_pole_error(
           const char* function, 
           const char* message, 
           const T& val, 
           const  ::boost::math::policies::pole_error< ::boost::math::policies::user_error>&)
{
   return user_pole_error(function, message, val);
}

template <class T>
inline T raise_overflow_error(
           const char* function, 
           const char* message, 
           const  ::boost::math::policies::overflow_error< ::boost::math::policies::throw_on_error>&)
{
   raise_error<std::overflow_error, T>(function, message ? message : "numeric overflow");
   // we never get here:
   return std::numeric_limits<T>::has_infinity ? std::numeric_limits<T>::infinity() : boost::math::tools::max_value<T>();
}

template <class T>
inline T raise_overflow_error(
           const char* , 
           const char* , 
           const  ::boost::math::policies::overflow_error< ::boost::math::policies::ignore_error>&)
{
   // This may or may not do the right thing, but the user asked for the error
   // to be ignored so here we go anyway:
   return std::numeric_limits<T>::has_infinity ? std::numeric_limits<T>::infinity() : boost::math::tools::max_value<T>();
}

template <class T>
inline T raise_overflow_error(
           const char* , 
           const char* , 
           const  ::boost::math::policies::overflow_error< ::boost::math::policies::errno_on_error>&)
{
   errno = ERANGE;
   // This may or may not do the right thing, but the user asked for the error
   // to be silent so here we go anyway:
   return std::numeric_limits<T>::has_infinity ? std::numeric_limits<T>::infinity() : boost::math::tools::max_value<T>();
}

template <class T>
inline T raise_overflow_error(
           const char* function, 
           const char* message, 
           const  ::boost::math::policies::overflow_error< ::boost::math::policies::user_error>&)
{
   return user_overflow_error(function, message, std::numeric_limits<T>::infinity());
}

template <class T>
inline T raise_underflow_error(
           const char* function, 
           const char* message, 
           const  ::boost::math::policies::underflow_error< ::boost::math::policies::throw_on_error>&)
{
   raise_error<std::underflow_error, T>(function, message ? message : "numeric underflow");
   // we never get here:
   return 0;
}

template <class T>
inline T raise_underflow_error(
           const char* , 
           const char* , 
           const  ::boost::math::policies::underflow_error< ::boost::math::policies::ignore_error>&)
{
   // This may or may not do the right thing, but the user asked for the error
   // to be ignored so here we go anyway:
   return T(0);
}

template <class T>
inline T raise_underflow_error(
           const char* /* function */, 
           const char* /* message */, 
           const  ::boost::math::policies::underflow_error< ::boost::math::policies::errno_on_error>&)
{
   errno = ERANGE;
   // This may or may not do the right thing, but the user asked for the error
   // to be silent so here we go anyway:
   return T(0);
}

template <class T>
inline T raise_underflow_error(
           const char* function, 
           const char* message, 
           const  ::boost::math::policies::underflow_error< ::boost::math::policies::user_error>&)
{
   return user_underflow_error(function, message, T(0));
}

template <class T>
inline T raise_denorm_error(
           const char* function, 
           const char* message, 
           const T& /* val */,
           const  ::boost::math::policies::denorm_error< ::boost::math::policies::throw_on_error>&)
{
   raise_error<std::underflow_error, T>(function, message ? message : "denormalised result");
   // we never get here:
   return T(0);
}

template <class T>
inline T raise_denorm_error(
           const char* , 
           const char* , 
           const T&  val,
           const  ::boost::math::policies::denorm_error< ::boost::math::policies::ignore_error>&)
{
   // This may or may not do the right thing, but the user asked for the error
   // to be ignored so here we go anyway:
   return val;
}

template <class T>
inline T raise_denorm_error(
           const char* , 
           const char* , 
           const T& val,
           const  ::boost::math::policies::denorm_error< ::boost::math::policies::errno_on_error>&)
{
   errno = ERANGE;
   // This may or may not do the right thing, but the user asked for the error
   // to be silent so here we go anyway:
   return val;
}

template <class T>
inline T raise_denorm_error(
           const char* function, 
           const char* message, 
           const T& val,
           const  ::boost::math::policies::denorm_error< ::boost::math::policies::user_error>&)
{
   return user_denorm_error(function, message, val);
}

template <class T>
inline T raise_evaluation_error(
           const char* function, 
           const char* message, 
           const T& val, 
           const  ::boost::math::policies::evaluation_error< ::boost::math::policies::throw_on_error>&)
{
   raise_error<boost::math::evaluation_error, T>(function, message, val);
   // we never get here:
   return T(0);
}

template <class T>
inline T raise_evaluation_error(
           const char* , 
           const char* , 
           const T& val, 
           const  ::boost::math::policies::evaluation_error< ::boost::math::policies::ignore_error>&)
{
   // This may or may not do the right thing, but the user asked for the error
   // to be ignored so here we go anyway:
   return val;
}

template <class T>
inline T raise_evaluation_error(
           const char* , 
           const char* , 
           const T& val, 
           const  ::boost::math::policies::evaluation_error< ::boost::math::policies::errno_on_error>&)
{
   errno = EDOM;
   // This may or may not do the right thing, but the user asked for the error
   // to be silent so here we go anyway:
   return val;
}

template <class T>
inline T raise_evaluation_error(
           const char* function, 
           const char* message, 
           const T& val, 
           const  ::boost::math::policies::evaluation_error< ::boost::math::policies::user_error>&)
{
   return user_evaluation_error(function, message, val);
}

template <class T, class TargetType>
inline T raise_rounding_error(
           const char* function, 
           const char* message, 
           const T& val, 
           const TargetType&,
           const  ::boost::math::policies::rounding_error< ::boost::math::policies::throw_on_error>&)
{
   raise_error<boost::math::rounding_error, T>(function, message, val);
   // we never get here:
   return T(0);
}

template <class T, class TargetType>
inline T raise_rounding_error(
           const char* , 
           const char* , 
           const T& val, 
           const TargetType&,
           const  ::boost::math::policies::rounding_error< ::boost::math::policies::ignore_error>&)
{
   // This may or may not do the right thing, but the user asked for the error
   // to be ignored so here we go anyway:
   return std::numeric_limits<T>::is_specialized ? (val > 0 ? (std::numeric_limits<T>::max)() : -(std::numeric_limits<T>::max)()): val;
}

template <class T, class TargetType>
inline T raise_rounding_error(
           const char* , 
           const char* , 
           const T& val, 
           const TargetType&,
           const  ::boost::math::policies::rounding_error< ::boost::math::policies::errno_on_error>&)
{
   errno = ERANGE;
   // This may or may not do the right thing, but the user asked for the error
   // to be silent so here we go anyway:
   return std::numeric_limits<T>::is_specialized ? (val > 0 ? (std::numeric_limits<T>::max)() : -(std::numeric_limits<T>::max)()): val;
}

template <class T, class TargetType>
inline T raise_rounding_error(
           const char* function, 
           const char* message, 
           const T& val, 
           const TargetType& t,
           const  ::boost::math::policies::rounding_error< ::boost::math::policies::user_error>&)
{
   return user_rounding_error(function, message, val, t);
}

template <class T, class R>
inline T raise_indeterminate_result_error(
           const char* function, 
           const char* message, 
           const T& val, 
           const R& ,
           const ::boost::math::policies::indeterminate_result_error< ::boost::math::policies::throw_on_error>&)
{
   raise_error<std::domain_error, T>(function, message, val);
   // we never get here:
   return std::numeric_limits<T>::quiet_NaN();
}

template <class T, class R>
inline T raise_indeterminate_result_error(
           const char* , 
           const char* , 
           const T& , 
           const R& result, 
           const ::boost::math::policies::indeterminate_result_error< ::boost::math::policies::ignore_error>&)
{
   // This may or may not do the right thing, but the user asked for the error
   // to be ignored so here we go anyway:
   return result;
}

template <class T, class R>
inline T raise_indeterminate_result_error(
           const char* , 
           const char* , 
           const T& , 
           const R& result, 
           const ::boost::math::policies::indeterminate_result_error< ::boost::math::policies::errno_on_error>&)
{
   errno = EDOM;
   // This may or may not do the right thing, but the user asked for the error
   // to be silent so here we go anyway:
   return result;
}

template <class T, class R>
inline T raise_indeterminate_result_error(
           const char* function, 
           const char* message, 
           const T& val, 
           const R& , 
           const ::boost::math::policies::indeterminate_result_error< ::boost::math::policies::user_error>&)
{
   return user_indeterminate_result_error(function, message, val);
}

}  // namespace detail

template <class T, class Policy>
inline T raise_domain_error(const char* function, const char* message, const T& val, const Policy&)
{
   typedef typename Policy::domain_error_type policy_type;
   return detail::raise_domain_error(
      function, message ? message : "Domain Error evaluating function at %1%", 
      val, policy_type());
}

template <class T, class Policy>
inline T raise_pole_error(const char* function, const char* message, const T& val, const Policy&)
{
   typedef typename Policy::pole_error_type policy_type;
   return detail::raise_pole_error(
      function, message ? message : "Evaluation of function at pole %1%", 
      val, policy_type());
}

template <class T, class Policy>
inline T raise_overflow_error(const char* function, const char* message, const Policy&)
{
   typedef typename Policy::overflow_error_type policy_type;
   return detail::raise_overflow_error<T>(
      function, message ? message : "Overflow Error", 
      policy_type());
}

template <class T, class Policy>
inline T raise_underflow_error(const char* function, const char* message, const Policy&)
{
   typedef typename Policy::underflow_error_type policy_type;
   return detail::raise_underflow_error<T>(
      function, message ? message : "Underflow Error", 
      policy_type());
}

template <class T, class Policy>
inline T raise_denorm_error(const char* function, const char* message, const T& val, const Policy&)
{
   typedef typename Policy::denorm_error_type policy_type;
   return detail::raise_denorm_error<T>(
      function, message ? message : "Denorm Error", 
      val,
      policy_type());
}

template <class T, class Policy>
inline T raise_evaluation_error(const char* function, const char* message, const T& val, const Policy&)
{
   typedef typename Policy::evaluation_error_type policy_type;
   return detail::raise_evaluation_error(
      function, message ? message : "Internal Evaluation Error, best value so far was %1%", 
      val, policy_type());
}

template <class T, class TargetType, class Policy>
inline T raise_rounding_error(const char* function, const char* message, const T& val, const TargetType& t, const Policy&)
{
   typedef typename Policy::rounding_error_type policy_type;
   return detail::raise_rounding_error(
      function, message ? message : "Value %1% can not be represented in the target integer type.", 
      val, t, policy_type());
}

template <class T, class R, class Policy>
inline T raise_indeterminate_result_error(const char* function, const char* message, const T& val, const R& result, const Policy&)
{
   typedef typename Policy::indeterminate_result_error_type policy_type;
   return detail::raise_indeterminate_result_error(
      function, message ? message : "Indeterminate result with value %1%",
      val, result, policy_type());
}

//
// checked_narrowing_cast:
//
namespace detail
{

template <class R, class T, class Policy>
inline bool check_overflow(T val, R* result, const char* function, const Policy& pol)
{
   BOOST_MATH_STD_USING
   if(fabs(val) > tools::max_value<R>())
   {
      *result = static_cast<R>(boost::math::policies::detail::raise_overflow_error<R>(function, 0, pol));
      return true;
   }
   return false;
}
template <class R, class T, class Policy>
inline bool check_overflow(std::complex<T> val, R* result, const char* function, const Policy& pol)
{
   typedef typename R::value_type r_type;
   r_type re, im;
   bool r = check_overflow<r_type>(val.real(), &re, function, pol) || check_overflow<r_type>(val.imag(), &im, function, pol);
   *result = R(re, im);
   return r;
}
template <class R, class T, class Policy>
inline bool check_underflow(T val, R* result, const char* function, const Policy& pol)
{
   if((val != 0) && (static_cast<R>(val) == 0))
   {
      *result = static_cast<R>(boost::math::policies::detail::raise_underflow_error<R>(function, 0, pol));
      return true;
   }
   return false;
}
template <class R, class T, class Policy>
inline bool check_underflow(std::complex<T> val, R* result, const char* function, const Policy& pol)
{
   typedef typename R::value_type r_type;
   r_type re, im;
   bool r = check_underflow<r_type>(val.real(), &re, function, pol) || check_underflow<r_type>(val.imag(), &im, function, pol);
   *result = R(re, im);
   return r;
}
template <class R, class T, class Policy>
inline bool check_denorm(T val, R* result, const char* function, const Policy& pol)
{
   BOOST_MATH_STD_USING
   if((fabs(val) < static_cast<T>(tools::min_value<R>())) && (static_cast<R>(val) != 0))
   {
      *result = static_cast<R>(boost::math::policies::detail::raise_denorm_error<R>(function, 0, static_cast<R>(val), pol));
      return true;
   }
   return false;
}
template <class R, class T, class Policy>
inline bool check_denorm(std::complex<T> val, R* result, const char* function, const Policy& pol)
{
   typedef typename R::value_type r_type;
   r_type re, im;
   bool r = check_denorm<r_type>(val.real(), &re, function, pol) || check_denorm<r_type>(val.imag(), &im, function, pol);
   *result = R(re, im);
   return r;
}

// Default instantiations with ignore_error policy.
template <class R, class T>
inline bool check_overflow(T /* val */, R* /* result */, const char* /* function */, const overflow_error<ignore_error>&){ return false; }
template <class R, class T>
inline bool check_overflow(std::complex<T> /* val */, R* /* result */, const char* /* function */, const overflow_error<ignore_error>&){ return false; }
template <class R, class T>
inline bool check_underflow(T /* val */, R* /* result */, const char* /* function */, const underflow_error<ignore_error>&){ return false; }
template <class R, class T>
inline bool check_underflow(std::complex<T> /* val */, R* /* result */, const char* /* function */, const underflow_error<ignore_error>&){ return false; }
template <class R, class T>
inline bool check_denorm(T /* val */, R* /* result*/, const char* /* function */, const denorm_error<ignore_error>&){ return false; }
template <class R, class T>
inline bool check_denorm(std::complex<T> /* val */, R* /* result*/, const char* /* function */, const denorm_error<ignore_error>&){ return false; }

} // namespace detail

template <class R, class Policy, class T>
inline R checked_narrowing_cast(T val, const char* function)
{
   typedef typename Policy::overflow_error_type overflow_type;
   typedef typename Policy::underflow_error_type underflow_type;
   typedef typename Policy::denorm_error_type denorm_type;
   //
   // Most of what follows will evaluate to a no-op:
   //
   R result = 0;
   if(detail::check_overflow<R>(val, &result, function, overflow_type()))
      return result;
   if(detail::check_underflow<R>(val, &result, function, underflow_type()))
      return result;
   if(detail::check_denorm<R>(val, &result, function, denorm_type()))
      return result;

   return static_cast<R>(val);
}

template <class T, class Policy>
inline void check_series_iterations(const char* function, boost::uintmax_t max_iter, const Policy& pol)
{
   if(max_iter >= policies::get_max_series_iterations<Policy>())
      raise_evaluation_error<T>(
         function,
         "Series evaluation exceeded %1% iterations, giving up now.", static_cast<T>(static_cast<double>(max_iter)), pol);
}

template <class T, class Policy>
inline void check_root_iterations(const char* function, boost::uintmax_t max_iter, const Policy& pol)
{
   if(max_iter >= policies::get_max_root_iterations<Policy>())
      raise_evaluation_error<T>(
         function,
         "Root finding evaluation exceeded %1% iterations, giving up now.", static_cast<T>(static_cast<double>(max_iter)), pol);
}

} //namespace policies

#ifdef BOOST_MSVC
#  pragma warning(pop)
#endif

}} // namespaces boost/math

#endif // BOOST_MATH_POLICY_ERROR_HANDLING_HPP