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Concept InputIterator

InputIterator

Description

An input iterator is an iterator that can read through a sequence of values. It is single-pass (old values of the iterator cannot be re-used), and read-only.

An input iterator represents a position in a sequence. Therefore, the iterator can point into the sequence (returning a value when dereferenced and being incrementable), or be off-the-end (and not dereferenceable or incrementable).

Refinement of

Associated types

  • value_type

    std::iterator_traits<Iter>::value_type

    The value type of the iterator (not necessarily what *i returns)

  • difference_type

    std::iterator_traits<Iter>::difference_type

    The difference type of the iterator

  • category

    std::iterator_traits<Iter>::iterator_category

    The category of the iterator

Notation

Iter
A type playing the role of iterator-type in the InputIterator concept.
i, j
Objects of type Iter
x
Object of type value_type

Type expressions

Category tag

category must be derived from std::input_iterator_tag, a model of DefaultConstructible, and a model of CopyConstructible.

Value type copy constructibility

value_type must be a model of CopyConstructible.

Difference type properties

difference_type must be a model of SignedInteger.

Valid expressions

Name Expression Type Precondition Semantics Postcondition

Dereference

*i

Convertible to value_type

i is incrementable (not off-the-end)

   

Preincrement

++i

Iter &

i is incrementable (not off-the-end)

   

Postincrement

i++

i is incrementable (not off-the-end)

Equivalent to (void)(++i)

i is dereferenceable or off-the-end

Postincrement and dereference

*i++

Convertible to value_type

i is incrementable (not off-the-end)

Equivalent to {value_type t = *i; ++i; return t;}

i is dereferenceable or off-the-end

Complexity

All iterator operations must take amortized constant time.

Models

  • std::istream_iterator

See also


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