Default Encoding under Microsoft Windows

All modern operating systems use Unicode.

  • Unix operating system family use UTF-8 encoding by default.
  • Microsoft Windows had migrated to Wide/UTF-16 API. The narrow encodings had been deprecated and the native OS API became so called "Wide API"

As a result of radically different approaches, it is very hard to write portable Unicode aware applications.

Boost Locale fully supports both narrow and wide API. The default character encoding is assumed to be UTF-8 on Windows.

So if the default operating system Locale is "English_USA.1252" the default locale for Boost.Locale on Windows would be "en_US.UTF-8".

When the created locale object is installed globally then any libraries that use std::codecvt for conversion between narrow API and the native wide API would handle UTF-8 correctly.

A good example of such library is Boost.Filesystem v3.

For example

#include <boost/locale.hpp>
#include <boost/filesystem/path.hpp>
#include <boost/filesystem/fstream.hpp>

int main()
    // Create and install global locale
    // Make boost.filesystem use it
    // Now Works perfectly fine with UTF-8!
    boost::filesystem::ofstream hello("שלום.txt"); 

However such behavior may break existing software that assumes that the current encoding is single byte encodings like code page 1252.

boost::locale::generator class has a property use_ansi_encoding() that allows to change the behavior to legacy one and select an ANSI code page as default system encoding.

So, when the current locale is "English_USA.1252" and the use_ansi_encoding is turned on then the default locale would be ""

winapi backend does not support ANSI encodings, thus UTF-8 encoding is always used for narrow characters.