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boost/container/string.hpp

//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// (C) Copyright Ion Gaztanaga 2005-2013. Distributed under the Boost
// Software License, Version 1.0. (See accompanying file
// LICENSE_1_0.txt or copy at http://www.boost.org/LICENSE_1_0.txt)
//
// See http://www.boost.org/libs/container for documentation.
//
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

#ifndef BOOST_CONTAINER_STRING_HPP
#define BOOST_CONTAINER_STRING_HPP

#include <boost/container/detail/config_begin.hpp>
#include <boost/container/detail/workaround.hpp>

#include <boost/container/detail/workaround.hpp>
#include <boost/container/container_fwd.hpp>
#include <boost/container/throw_exception.hpp>
#include <boost/container/detail/utilities.hpp>
#include <boost/container/detail/iterators.hpp>
#include <boost/container/detail/algorithms.hpp>
#include <boost/container/detail/version_type.hpp>
#include <boost/container/detail/allocation_type.hpp>
#include <boost/container/allocator_traits.hpp>
#include <boost/container/detail/allocator_version_traits.hpp>
#include <boost/container/detail/mpl.hpp>
#include <boost/move/utility.hpp>
#include <boost/static_assert.hpp>
#include <boost/functional/hash.hpp>
#include <boost/intrusive/pointer_traits.hpp>
#include <boost/detail/no_exceptions_support.hpp>

#include <functional>
#include <string>
#include <utility>
#include <iterator>
#include <memory>
#include <algorithm>
#include <iosfwd>
#include <istream>
#include <ostream>
#include <ios>
#include <locale>
#include <cstddef>
#include <climits>
#include <boost/container/detail/type_traits.hpp>
#include <boost/detail/no_exceptions_support.hpp>
#include <boost/type_traits/has_trivial_destructor.hpp>
#include <boost/aligned_storage.hpp>

namespace boost {
namespace container {

#ifndef BOOST_CONTAINER_DOXYGEN_INVOKED
namespace container_detail {
// ------------------------------------------------------------
// Class basic_string_base.

// basic_string_base is a helper class that makes it it easier to write
// an exception-safe version of basic_string.  The constructor allocates,
// but does not initialize, a block of memory.  The destructor
// deallocates, but does not destroy elements within, a block of
// memory. The destructor assumes that the memory either is the internal buffer,
// or else points to a block of memory that was allocated using string_base's
// allocator and whose size is this->m_storage.
template <class Allocator>
class basic_string_base
{
   BOOST_MOVABLE_BUT_NOT_COPYABLE(basic_string_base)

   typedef allocator_traits<Allocator> allocator_traits_type;
 public:
   typedef Allocator                                  allocator_type;
   typedef allocator_type                              stored_allocator_type;
   typedef typename allocator_traits_type::pointer     pointer;
   typedef typename allocator_traits_type::value_type  value_type;
   typedef typename allocator_traits_type::size_type   size_type;
   typedef ::boost::intrusive::pointer_traits<pointer> pointer_traits;

   basic_string_base()
      : members_()
   {  init(); }

   basic_string_base(const allocator_type& a)
      : members_(a)
   {  init(); }

   basic_string_base(const allocator_type& a, size_type n)
      : members_(a)
   {
      this->init();
      this->allocate_initial_block(n);
   }

   basic_string_base(BOOST_RV_REF(basic_string_base) b)
      :  members_(boost::move(b.alloc()))
   {
      this->init();
      this->swap_data(b);
   }

   ~basic_string_base()
   {
      if(!this->is_short()){
         this->deallocate_block();
         this->is_short(true);
      }
   }

   private:

   //This is the structure controlling a long string
   struct long_t
   {
      size_type      is_short  : 1;
      size_type      length    : (sizeof(size_type)*CHAR_BIT - 1);
      size_type      storage;
      pointer        start;

      long_t()
      {}

      long_t(const long_t &other)
      {
         this->is_short = other.is_short;
         length   = other.length;
         storage  = other.storage;
         start    = other.start;
      }

      long_t &operator =(const long_t &other)
      {
         this->is_short = other.is_short;
         length   = other.length;
         storage  = other.storage;
         start    = other.start;
         return *this;
      }
   };

   //This type is the first part of the structure controlling a short string
   //The "data" member stores
   struct short_header
   {
      unsigned char  is_short  : 1;
      unsigned char  length    : (CHAR_BIT - 1);
   };

   //This type has the same alignment and size as long_t but it's POD
   //so, unlike long_t, it can be placed in a union

   typedef typename boost::aligned_storage< sizeof(long_t),
       container_detail::alignment_of<long_t>::value>::type   long_raw_t;

   protected:
   static const size_type  MinInternalBufferChars = 8;
   static const size_type  AlignmentOfValueType =
      alignment_of<value_type>::value;
   static const size_type  ShortDataOffset =
      container_detail::ct_rounded_size<sizeof(short_header),  AlignmentOfValueType>::value;
   static const size_type  ZeroCostInternalBufferChars =
      (sizeof(long_t) - ShortDataOffset)/sizeof(value_type);
   static const size_type  UnalignedFinalInternalBufferChars =
      (ZeroCostInternalBufferChars > MinInternalBufferChars) ?
                ZeroCostInternalBufferChars : MinInternalBufferChars;

   struct short_t
   {
      short_header   h;
      value_type     data[UnalignedFinalInternalBufferChars];
   };

   union repr_t
   {
      long_raw_t  r;
      short_t     s;

      const short_t &short_repr() const
      {  return s;  }

      const long_t &long_repr() const
      {  return *static_cast<const long_t*>(static_cast<const void*>(&r));  }

      short_t &short_repr()
      {  return s;  }

      long_t &long_repr()
      {  return *static_cast<long_t*>(static_cast<void*>(&r));  }
   };

   struct members_holder
      :  public Allocator
   {
      members_holder()
         : Allocator()
      {}

      template<class AllocatorConvertible>
      explicit members_holder(BOOST_FWD_REF(AllocatorConvertible) a)
         :  Allocator(boost::forward<AllocatorConvertible>(a))
      {}

      repr_t m_repr;
   } members_;

   const Allocator &alloc() const
   {  return members_;  }

   Allocator &alloc()
   {  return members_;  }

   static const size_type InternalBufferChars = (sizeof(repr_t) - ShortDataOffset)/sizeof(value_type);

   private:

   static const size_type MinAllocation = InternalBufferChars*2;

   protected:
   bool is_short() const
   {  return static_cast<bool>(this->members_.m_repr.s.h.is_short != 0);  }

   void is_short(bool yes)
   {
      const bool was_short = this->is_short();
      if(yes && !was_short){
         allocator_traits_type::destroy
            ( this->alloc()
            , static_cast<long_t*>(static_cast<void*>(&this->members_.m_repr.r))
            );
         this->members_.m_repr.s.h.is_short = true;
      }
      else if(!yes && was_short){
         allocator_traits_type::construct
            ( this->alloc()
            , static_cast<long_t*>(static_cast<void*>(&this->members_.m_repr.r))
            );
         this->members_.m_repr.s.h.is_short = false;
      }
   }

   private:
   void init()
   {
      this->members_.m_repr.s.h.is_short = 1;
      this->members_.m_repr.s.h.length   = 0;
   }

   protected:

   typedef container_detail::integral_constant<unsigned, 1>      allocator_v1;
   typedef container_detail::integral_constant<unsigned, 2>      allocator_v2;
   typedef container_detail::integral_constant<unsigned,
      boost::container::container_detail::version<Allocator>::value> alloc_version;

   std::pair<pointer, bool>
      allocation_command(allocation_type command,
                         size_type limit_size,
                         size_type preferred_size,
                         size_type &received_size, pointer reuse = 0)
   {
      if(this->is_short() && (command & (expand_fwd | expand_bwd)) ){
         reuse = pointer();
         command &= ~(expand_fwd | expand_bwd);
      }
      return container_detail::allocator_version_traits<Allocator>::allocation_command
         (this->alloc(), command, limit_size, preferred_size, received_size, reuse);
   }

   size_type next_capacity(size_type additional_objects) const
   {
      return next_capacity_calculator
         <size_type, NextCapacityDouble /*NextCapacity60Percent*/>::
            get( allocator_traits_type::max_size(this->alloc())
               , this->priv_storage(), additional_objects );
   }

   void deallocate(pointer p, size_type n)
   {
      if (p && (n > InternalBufferChars))
         this->alloc().deallocate(p, n);
   }

   void construct(pointer p, const value_type &value = value_type())
   {
      allocator_traits_type::construct
         ( this->alloc()
         , container_detail::to_raw_pointer(p)
         , value
         );
   }

   void destroy(pointer p, size_type n)
   {
      value_type *raw_p = container_detail::to_raw_pointer(p);
      for(; n--; ++raw_p){
         allocator_traits_type::destroy( this->alloc(), raw_p);
      }
   }

   void destroy(pointer p)
   {
      allocator_traits_type::destroy
         ( this->alloc()
         , container_detail::to_raw_pointer(p)
         );
   }

   void allocate_initial_block(size_type n)
   {
      if (n <= this->max_size()) {
         if(n > InternalBufferChars){
            size_type new_cap = this->next_capacity(n);
            pointer p = this->allocation_command(allocate_new, n, new_cap, new_cap).first;
            this->is_short(false);
            this->priv_long_addr(p);
            this->priv_long_size(0);
            this->priv_storage(new_cap);
         }
      }
      else{
         throw_length_error("basic_string::allocate_initial_block max_size() exceeded");
      }
   }

   void deallocate_block()
   {  this->deallocate(this->priv_addr(), this->priv_storage());  }

   size_type max_size() const
   {  return allocator_traits_type::max_size(this->alloc()) - 1; }

   protected:
   size_type priv_capacity() const
   { return this->priv_storage() - 1; }

   pointer priv_short_addr() const
   {  return pointer_traits::pointer_to(const_cast<value_type&>(this->members_.m_repr.short_repr().data[0]));  }

   pointer priv_long_addr() const
   {  return this->members_.m_repr.long_repr().start;  }

   pointer priv_addr() const
   {
      return this->is_short()
         ? priv_short_addr()
         : priv_long_addr()
         ;
   }

   pointer priv_end_addr() const
   {
      return this->is_short()
         ? this->priv_short_addr() + this->priv_short_size()
         : this->priv_long_addr()  + this->priv_long_size()
         ;
   }

   void priv_long_addr(pointer addr)
   {  this->members_.m_repr.long_repr().start = addr;  }

   size_type priv_storage() const
   {  return this->is_short() ? priv_short_storage() : priv_long_storage();  }

   size_type priv_short_storage() const
   {  return InternalBufferChars;  }

   size_type priv_long_storage() const
   {  return this->members_.m_repr.long_repr().storage;  }

   void priv_storage(size_type storage)
   {
      if(!this->is_short())
         this->priv_long_storage(storage);
   }

   void priv_long_storage(size_type storage)
   {
      this->members_.m_repr.long_repr().storage = storage;
   }

   size_type priv_size() const
   {  return this->is_short() ? this->priv_short_size() : this->priv_long_size();  }

   size_type priv_short_size() const
   {  return this->members_.m_repr.short_repr().h.length;  }

   size_type priv_long_size() const
   {  return this->members_.m_repr.long_repr().length;  }

   void priv_size(size_type sz)
   {
      if(this->is_short())
         this->priv_short_size(sz);
      else
         this->priv_long_size(sz);
   }

   void priv_short_size(size_type sz)
   {
      this->members_.m_repr.s.h.length = (unsigned char)sz;
   }

   void priv_long_size(size_type sz)
   {
      this->members_.m_repr.long_repr().length = sz;
   }

   void swap_data(basic_string_base& other)
   {
      if(this->is_short()){
         if(other.is_short()){
            std::swap(this->members_.m_repr, other.members_.m_repr);
         }
         else{
            short_t short_backup(this->members_.m_repr.short_repr());
            long_t  long_backup (other.members_.m_repr.long_repr());
            other.members_.m_repr.long_repr().~long_t();
            ::new(&this->members_.m_repr.long_repr()) long_t;
            this->members_.m_repr.long_repr()  = long_backup;
            other.members_.m_repr.short_repr() = short_backup;
         }
      }
      else{
         if(other.is_short()){
            short_t short_backup(other.members_.m_repr.short_repr());
            long_t  long_backup (this->members_.m_repr.long_repr());
            this->members_.m_repr.long_repr().~long_t();
            ::new(&other.members_.m_repr.long_repr()) long_t;
            other.members_.m_repr.long_repr()  = long_backup;
            this->members_.m_repr.short_repr() = short_backup;
         }
         else{
            boost::container::swap_dispatch(this->members_.m_repr.long_repr(), other.members_.m_repr.long_repr());
         }
      }
   }
};

}  //namespace container_detail {

#endif   //#ifndef BOOST_CONTAINER_DOXYGEN_INVOKED

//! The basic_string class represents a Sequence of characters. It contains all the
//! usual operations of a Sequence, and, additionally, it contains standard string
//! operations such as search and concatenation.
//!
//! The basic_string class is parameterized by character type, and by that type's
//! Character Traits.
//!
//! This class has performance characteristics very much like vector<>, meaning,
//! for example, that it does not perform reference-count or copy-on-write, and that
//! concatenation of two strings is an O(N) operation.
//!
//! Some of basic_string's member functions use an unusual method of specifying positions
//! and ranges. In addition to the conventional method using iterators, many of
//! basic_string's member functions use a single value pos of type size_type to represent a
//! position (in which case the position is begin() + pos, and many of basic_string's
//! member functions use two values, pos and n, to represent a range. In that case pos is
//! the beginning of the range and n is its size. That is, the range is
//! [begin() + pos, begin() + pos + n).
//!
//! Note that the C++ standard does not specify the complexity of basic_string operations.
//! In this implementation, basic_string has performance characteristics very similar to
//! those of vector: access to a single character is O(1), while copy and concatenation
//! are O(N).
//!
//! In this implementation, begin(),
//! end(), rbegin(), rend(), operator[], c_str(), and data() do not invalidate iterators.
//! In this implementation, iterators are only invalidated by member functions that
//! explicitly change the string's contents.
//!
//! \tparam CharT The type of character it contains.
//! \tparam Traits The Character Traits type, which encapsulates basic character operations
//! \tparam Allocator The allocator, used for internal memory management.
#ifdef BOOST_CONTAINER_DOXYGEN_INVOKED
template <class CharT, class Traits = std::char_traits<CharT>, class Allocator = std::allocator<CharT> >
#else
template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator>
#endif
class basic_string
   :  private container_detail::basic_string_base<Allocator>
{
   #ifndef BOOST_CONTAINER_DOXYGEN_INVOKED
   private:
   typedef allocator_traits<Allocator> allocator_traits_type;
   BOOST_COPYABLE_AND_MOVABLE(basic_string)
   typedef container_detail::basic_string_base<Allocator> base_t;
   static const typename base_t::size_type InternalBufferChars = base_t::InternalBufferChars;

   protected:
   // Allocator helper class to use a char_traits as a function object.

   template <class Tr>
   struct Eq_traits
   {
      //Compatibility with std::binary_function
	   typedef typename Tr::char_type   first_argument_type;
	   typedef typename Tr::char_type   second_argument_type;
	   typedef bool   result_type;

      bool operator()(const first_argument_type& x, const second_argument_type& y) const
         { return Tr::eq(x, y); }
   };

   template <class Tr>
   struct Not_within_traits
   {
	   typedef typename Tr::char_type   argument_type;
	   typedef bool                     result_type;

      typedef const typename Tr::char_type* Pointer;
      const Pointer m_first;
      const Pointer m_last;

      Not_within_traits(Pointer f, Pointer l)
         : m_first(f), m_last(l) {}

      bool operator()(const typename Tr::char_type& x) const
      {
         return std::find_if(m_first, m_last,
                        std::bind1st(Eq_traits<Tr>(), x)) == m_last;
      }
   };
   #endif   //#ifndef BOOST_CONTAINER_DOXYGEN_INVOKED

   public:
   //////////////////////////////////////////////
   //
   //                    types
   //
   //////////////////////////////////////////////
   typedef Traits                                                                      traits_type;
   typedef CharT                                                                       value_type;
   typedef typename ::boost::container::allocator_traits<Allocator>::pointer           pointer;
   typedef typename ::boost::container::allocator_traits<Allocator>::const_pointer     const_pointer;
   typedef typename ::boost::container::allocator_traits<Allocator>::reference         reference;
   typedef typename ::boost::container::allocator_traits<Allocator>::const_reference   const_reference;
   typedef typename ::boost::container::allocator_traits<Allocator>::size_type         size_type;
   typedef typename ::boost::container::allocator_traits<Allocator>::difference_type   difference_type;
   typedef Allocator                                                                   allocator_type;
   typedef BOOST_CONTAINER_IMPDEF(allocator_type)                                      stored_allocator_type;
   typedef BOOST_CONTAINER_IMPDEF(pointer)                                             iterator;
   typedef BOOST_CONTAINER_IMPDEF(const_pointer)                                       const_iterator;
   typedef BOOST_CONTAINER_IMPDEF(std::reverse_iterator<iterator>)                     reverse_iterator;
   typedef BOOST_CONTAINER_IMPDEF(std::reverse_iterator<const_iterator>)               const_reverse_iterator;
   static const size_type npos = size_type(-1);

   #ifndef BOOST_CONTAINER_DOXYGEN_INVOKED
   private:
   typedef constant_iterator<CharT, difference_type> cvalue_iterator;
   typedef typename base_t::allocator_v1  allocator_v1;
   typedef typename base_t::allocator_v2  allocator_v2;
   typedef typename base_t::alloc_version  alloc_version;
   typedef ::boost::intrusive::pointer_traits<pointer> pointer_traits;
   #endif   //#ifndef BOOST_CONTAINER_DOXYGEN_INVOKED

   public:                         // Constructor, destructor, assignment.
   //////////////////////////////////////////////
   //
   //          construct/copy/destroy
   //
   //////////////////////////////////////////////
   #ifndef BOOST_CONTAINER_DOXYGEN_INVOKED
   struct reserve_t {};

   basic_string(reserve_t, size_type n,
                const allocator_type& a = allocator_type())
      //Select allocator as in copy constructor as reserve_t-based constructors
      //are two step copies optimized for capacity
      : base_t( allocator_traits_type::select_on_container_copy_construction(a)
              , n + 1)
   { this->priv_terminate_string(); }

   #endif   //#ifndef BOOST_CONTAINER_DOXYGEN_INVOKED

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Default constructs a basic_string.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: If allocator_type's default constructor throws.
   basic_string()
      : base_t()
   { this->priv_terminate_string(); }


   //! <b>Effects</b>: Constructs a basic_string taking the allocator as parameter.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   explicit basic_string(const allocator_type& a) BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
      : base_t(a)
   { this->priv_terminate_string(); }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Copy constructs a basic_string.
   //!
   //! <b>Postcondition</b>: x == *this.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: If allocator_type's default constructor or allocation throws.
   basic_string(const basic_string& s)
      :  base_t(allocator_traits_type::select_on_container_copy_construction(s.alloc()))
   {
      this->priv_terminate_string();
      this->assign(s.begin(), s.end());
   }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Move constructor. Moves s's resources to *this.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing.
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Constant.
   basic_string(BOOST_RV_REF(basic_string) s) BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
      : base_t(boost::move((base_t&)s))
   {}

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Copy constructs a basic_string using the specified allocator.
   //!
   //! <b>Postcondition</b>: x == *this.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: If allocation throws.
   basic_string(const basic_string& s, const allocator_type &a)
      :  base_t(a)
   {
      this->priv_terminate_string();
      this->assign(s.begin(), s.end());
   }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Move constructor using the specified allocator.
   //!                 Moves s's resources to *this.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: If allocation throws.
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Constant if a == s.get_allocator(), linear otherwise.
   basic_string(BOOST_RV_REF(basic_string) s, const allocator_type &a)
      : base_t(a)
   {
      this->priv_terminate_string();
      if(a == this->alloc()){
         this->swap_data(s);
      }
      else{
         this->assign(s.begin(), s.end());
      }
   }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Constructs a basic_string taking the allocator as parameter,
   //!   and is initialized by a specific number of characters of the s string.
   basic_string(const basic_string& s, size_type pos, size_type n = npos,
                const allocator_type& a = allocator_type())
      : base_t(a)
   {
      this->priv_terminate_string();
      if (pos > s.size())
         throw_out_of_range("basic_string::basic_string out of range position");
      else
         this->assign
            (s.begin() + pos, s.begin() + pos + container_detail::min_value(n, s.size() - pos));
   }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Constructs a basic_string taking the allocator as parameter,
   //!   and is initialized by a specific number of characters of the s c-string.
   basic_string(const CharT* s, size_type n, const allocator_type& a = allocator_type())
      : base_t(a)
   {
      this->priv_terminate_string();
      this->assign(s, s + n);
   }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Constructs a basic_string taking the allocator as parameter,
   //!   and is initialized by the null-terminated s c-string.
   basic_string(const CharT* s, const allocator_type& a = allocator_type())
      : base_t(a)
   {
      this->priv_terminate_string();
      this->assign(s, s + Traits::length(s));
   }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Constructs a basic_string taking the allocator as parameter,
   //!   and is initialized by n copies of c.
   basic_string(size_type n, CharT c, const allocator_type& a = allocator_type())
      : base_t(a)
   {
      this->priv_terminate_string();
      this->assign(n, c);
   }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Constructs a basic_string taking the allocator as parameter,
   //!   and is initialized by n default-initialized characters.
   basic_string(size_type n, default_init_t, const allocator_type& a = allocator_type())
      : base_t(a, n + 1)
   {
      this->priv_size(n);
      this->priv_terminate_string();
   }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Constructs a basic_string taking the allocator as parameter,
   //!   and a range of iterators.
   template <class InputIterator>
   basic_string(InputIterator f, InputIterator l, const allocator_type& a = allocator_type())
      : base_t(a)
   {
      this->priv_terminate_string();
      this->assign(f, l);
   }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Destroys the basic_string. All used memory is deallocated.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing.
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Constant.
   ~basic_string() BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
   {}

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Copy constructs a string.
   //!
   //! <b>Postcondition</b>: x == *this.
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Linear to the elements x contains.
   basic_string& operator=(BOOST_COPY_ASSIGN_REF(basic_string) x)
   {
      if (&x != this){
         allocator_type &this_alloc     = this->alloc();
         const allocator_type &x_alloc  = x.alloc();
         container_detail::bool_<allocator_traits_type::
            propagate_on_container_copy_assignment::value> flag;
         if(flag && this_alloc != x_alloc){
            if(!this->is_short()){
               this->deallocate_block();
               this->is_short(true);
               Traits::assign(*this->priv_addr(), CharT(0));
               this->priv_short_size(0);
            }
         }
         container_detail::assign_alloc(this->alloc(), x.alloc(), flag);
         this->assign(x.begin(), x.end());
      }
      return *this;
   }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Move constructor. Moves x's resources to *this.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: If allocator_traits_type::propagate_on_container_move_assignment
   //!   is false and allocation throws
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Constant if allocator_traits_type::
   //!   propagate_on_container_move_assignment is true or
   //!   this->get>allocator() == x.get_allocator(). Linear otherwise.
   basic_string& operator=(BOOST_RV_REF(basic_string) x)
      BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT_IF(allocator_traits_type::propagate_on_container_move_assignment::value)
   {
      //for move constructor, no aliasing (&x != this) is assummed.
      BOOST_ASSERT(this != &x);
      allocator_type &this_alloc = this->alloc();
      allocator_type &x_alloc    = x.alloc();
      const bool propagate_alloc = allocator_traits_type::
            propagate_on_container_move_assignment::value;
      container_detail::bool_<propagate_alloc> flag;
      const bool allocators_equal = this_alloc == x_alloc; (void)allocators_equal;
      //Resources can be transferred if both allocators are
      //going to be equal after this function (either propagated or already equal)
      if(propagate_alloc || allocators_equal){
         //Destroy objects but retain memory in case x reuses it in the future
         this->clear();
         //Move allocator if needed
         container_detail::move_alloc(this_alloc, x_alloc, flag);
         //Nothrow swap
         this->swap_data(x);
      }
      //Else do a one by one move
      else{
         this->assign( x.begin(), x.end());
      }
      return *this;
   }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Assignment from a null-terminated c-string.
   basic_string& operator=(const CharT* s)
   { return this->assign(s, s + Traits::length(s)); }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Assignment from character.
   basic_string& operator=(CharT c)
   { return this->assign(static_cast<size_type>(1), c); }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Returns a copy of the internal allocator.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: If allocator's copy constructor throws.
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Constant.
   allocator_type get_allocator() const BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
   { return this->alloc(); }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Returns a reference to the internal allocator.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Constant.
   //!
   //! <b>Note</b>: Non-standard extension.
   stored_allocator_type &get_stored_allocator() BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
   {  return this->alloc(); }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Returns a reference to the internal allocator.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Constant.
   //!
   //! <b>Note</b>: Non-standard extension.
   const stored_allocator_type &get_stored_allocator() const BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
   {  return this->alloc(); }

   //////////////////////////////////////////////
   //
   //                iterators
   //
   //////////////////////////////////////////////

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Returns an iterator to the first element contained in the vector.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing.
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Constant.
   iterator begin() BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
   { return this->priv_addr(); }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Returns a const_iterator to the first element contained in the vector.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing.
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Constant.
   const_iterator begin() const BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
   { return this->priv_addr(); }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Returns an iterator to the end of the vector.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing.
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Constant.
   iterator end() BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
   { return this->priv_end_addr(); }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Returns a const_iterator to the end of the vector.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing.
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Constant.
   const_iterator end() const BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
   { return this->priv_end_addr(); }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Returns a reverse_iterator pointing to the beginning
   //! of the reversed vector.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing.
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Constant.
   reverse_iterator rbegin()  BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
   { return reverse_iterator(this->priv_end_addr()); }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Returns a const_reverse_iterator pointing to the beginning
   //! of the reversed vector.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing.
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Constant.
   const_reverse_iterator rbegin() const BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
   { return this->crbegin(); }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Returns a reverse_iterator pointing to the end
   //! of the reversed vector.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing.
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Constant.
   reverse_iterator rend()  BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
   { return reverse_iterator(this->priv_addr()); }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Returns a const_reverse_iterator pointing to the end
   //! of the reversed vector.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing.
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Constant.
   const_reverse_iterator rend() const BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
   { return this->crend(); }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Returns a const_iterator to the first element contained in the vector.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing.
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Constant.
   const_iterator cbegin() const BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
   { return this->priv_addr(); }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Returns a const_iterator to the end of the vector.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing.
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Constant.
   const_iterator cend() const BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
   { return this->priv_end_addr(); }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Returns a const_reverse_iterator pointing to the beginning
   //! of the reversed vector.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing.
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Constant.
   const_reverse_iterator crbegin() const BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
   { return const_reverse_iterator(this->priv_end_addr()); }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Returns a const_reverse_iterator pointing to the end
   //! of the reversed vector.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing.
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Constant.
   const_reverse_iterator crend() const BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
   { return const_reverse_iterator(this->priv_addr()); }

   //////////////////////////////////////////////
   //
   //                capacity
   //
   //////////////////////////////////////////////

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Returns true if the vector contains no elements.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing.
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Constant.
   bool empty() const BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
   { return !this->priv_size(); }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Returns the number of the elements contained in the vector.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing.
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Constant.
   size_type size() const    BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
   { return this->priv_size(); }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Returns the number of the elements contained in the vector.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing.
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Constant.
   size_type length() const BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
   { return this->size(); }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Returns the largest possible size of the vector.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing.
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Constant.
   size_type max_size() const BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
   { return base_t::max_size(); }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Inserts or erases elements at the end such that
   //!   the size becomes n. New elements are copy constructed from x.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: If memory allocation throws
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Linear to the difference between size() and new_size.
   void resize(size_type n, CharT c)
   {
      if (n <= this->size())
         this->erase(this->begin() + n, this->end());
      else
         this->append(n - this->size(), c);
   }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Inserts or erases elements at the end such that
   //!   the size becomes n. New elements are value initialized.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: If memory allocation throws
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Linear to the difference between size() and new_size.
   void resize(size_type n)
   { resize(n, CharT()); }


   //! <b>Effects</b>: Inserts or erases elements at the end such that
   //!   the size becomes n. New elements are uninitialized.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: If memory allocation throws
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Linear to the difference between size() and new_size.
   //!
   //! <b>Note</b>: Non-standard extension
   void resize(size_type n, default_init_t)
   {
      if (n <= this->size())
         this->erase(this->begin() + n, this->end());
      else{
         this->priv_reserve(n, false);
         this->priv_size(n);
         this->priv_terminate_string();
      }
   }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Number of elements for which memory has been allocated.
   //!   capacity() is always greater than or equal to size().
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing.
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Constant.
   size_type capacity() const BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
   { return this->priv_capacity(); }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: If n is less than or equal to capacity(), this call has no
   //!   effect. Otherwise, it is a request for allocation of additional memory.
   //!   If the request is successful, then capacity() is greater than or equal to
   //!   n; otherwise, capacity() is unchanged. In either case, size() is unchanged.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: If memory allocation allocation throws
   void reserve(size_type res_arg)
   {  this->priv_reserve(res_arg);  }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Tries to deallocate the excess of memory created
   //!   with previous allocations. The size of the string is unchanged
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Linear to size().
   void shrink_to_fit()
   {
      //Check if shrinking is possible
      if(this->priv_storage() > InternalBufferChars){
         //Check if we should pass from dynamically allocated buffer
         //to the internal storage
         if(this->priv_size() < InternalBufferChars){
            //Dynamically allocated buffer attributes
            pointer   long_addr    = this->priv_long_addr();
            size_type long_storage = this->priv_long_storage();
            size_type long_size    = this->priv_long_size();
            //Shrink from allocated buffer to the internal one, including trailing null
            Traits::copy( container_detail::to_raw_pointer(this->priv_short_addr())
                        , container_detail::to_raw_pointer(long_addr)
                        , long_size+1);
            this->is_short(true);
            this->alloc().deallocate(long_addr, long_storage);
         }
         else{
            //Shrinking in dynamic buffer
            this->priv_shrink_to_fit_dynamic_buffer(alloc_version());
         }
      }
   }

   //////////////////////////////////////////////
   //
   //               element access
   //
   //////////////////////////////////////////////

   //! <b>Requires</b>: size() > n.
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Returns a reference to the nth element
   //!   from the beginning of the container.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing.
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Constant.
   reference operator[](size_type n) BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
      { return *(this->priv_addr() + n); }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: size() > n.
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Returns a const reference to the nth element
   //!   from the beginning of the container.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing.
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Constant.
   const_reference operator[](size_type n) const BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
      { return *(this->priv_addr() + n); }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: size() > n.
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Returns a reference to the nth element
   //!   from the beginning of the container.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: std::range_error if n >= size()
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Constant.
   reference at(size_type n)
   {
      if (n >= this->size())
         throw_out_of_range("basic_string::at invalid subscript");
      return *(this->priv_addr() + n);
   }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: size() > n.
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Returns a const reference to the nth element
   //!   from the beginning of the container.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: std::range_error if n >= size()
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Constant.
   const_reference at(size_type n) const {
      if (n >= this->size())
         throw_out_of_range("basic_string::at invalid subscript");
      return *(this->priv_addr() + n);
   }

   //////////////////////////////////////////////
   //
   //                modifiers
   //
   //////////////////////////////////////////////

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Calls append(str.data, str.size()).
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   basic_string& operator+=(const basic_string& s)
   {  return this->append(s); }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Calls append(s).
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   basic_string& operator+=(const CharT* s)
   {  return this->append(s); }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Calls append(1, c).
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   basic_string& operator+=(CharT c)
   {  this->push_back(c); return *this;   }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Calls append(str.data(), str.size()).
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   basic_string& append(const basic_string& s)
   {  return this->append(s.begin(), s.end());  }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: pos <= str.size()
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Determines the effective length rlen of the string to append
   //! as the smaller of n and str.size() - pos and calls append(str.data() + pos, rlen).
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: If memory allocation throws and out_of_range if pos > str.size()
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   basic_string& append(const basic_string& s, size_type pos, size_type n)
   {
      if (pos > s.size())
         throw_out_of_range("basic_string::append out of range position");
      return this->append(s.begin() + pos,
                          s.begin() + pos + container_detail::min_value(n, s.size() - pos));
   }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: s points to an array of at least n elements of CharT.
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: The function replaces the string controlled by *this with
   //!   a string of length size() + n whose irst size() elements are a copy of the
   //!   original string controlled by *this and whose remaining
   //!   elements are a copy of the initial n elements of s.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: If memory allocation throws length_error if size() + n > max_size().
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   basic_string& append(const CharT* s, size_type n)
   {  return this->append(s, s + n);  }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: s points to an array of at least traits::length(s) + 1 elements of CharT.
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Calls append(s, traits::length(s)).
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   basic_string& append(const CharT* s)
   {  return this->append(s, s + Traits::length(s));  }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Equivalent to append(basic_string(n, c)).
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   basic_string& append(size_type n, CharT c)
   {  return this->append(cvalue_iterator(c, n), cvalue_iterator()); }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: [first,last) is a valid range.
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Equivalent to append(basic_string(first, last)).
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   template <class InputIter>
   basic_string& append(InputIter first, InputIter last)
   {  this->insert(this->end(), first, last);   return *this;  }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Equivalent to append(static_cast<size_type>(1), c).
   void push_back(CharT c)
   {
      const size_type old_size = this->priv_size();
      if (old_size < this->capacity()){
         const pointer addr = this->priv_addr();
         this->priv_construct_null(addr + old_size + 1);
         Traits::assign(addr[old_size], c);
         this->priv_size(old_size+1);
      }
      else{
         //No enough memory, insert a new object at the end
         this->append(size_type(1), c);
      }
   }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Equivalent to assign(str, 0, npos).
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   basic_string& assign(const basic_string& s)
   {  return this->operator=(s); }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: The function replaces the string controlled by *this
   //!    with a string of length str.size() whose elements are a copy of the string
   //!   controlled by str. Leaves str in a valid but unspecified state.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   basic_string& assign(BOOST_RV_REF(basic_string) ms) BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
   {  return this->swap_data(ms), *this;  }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: pos <= str.size()
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Determines the effective length rlen of the string to assign as
   //!   the smaller of n and str.size() - pos and calls assign(str.data() + pos rlen).
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: If memory allocation throws or out_of_range if pos > str.size().
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   basic_string& assign(const basic_string& s, size_type pos, size_type n)
   {
      if (pos > s.size())
         throw_out_of_range("basic_string::assign out of range position");
      return this->assign(s.begin() + pos,
                          s.begin() + pos + container_detail::min_value(n, s.size() - pos));
   }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: s points to an array of at least n elements of CharT.
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Replaces the string controlled by *this with a string of
   //! length n whose elements are a copy of those pointed to by s.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: If memory allocation throws or length_error if n > max_size().
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   basic_string& assign(const CharT* s, size_type n)
   {  return this->assign(s, s + n);   }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: s points to an array of at least traits::length(s) + 1 elements of CharT.
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Calls assign(s, traits::length(s)).
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   basic_string& assign(const CharT* s)
   { return this->assign(s, s + Traits::length(s)); }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Equivalent to assign(basic_string(n, c)).
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   basic_string& assign(size_type n, CharT c)
   {  return this->assign(cvalue_iterator(c, n), cvalue_iterator()); }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Equivalent to assign(basic_string(first, last)).
 	//!
 	//! <b>Returns</b>: *this
 	basic_string& assign(const CharT* first, const CharT* last)
 	{
 	   size_type n = static_cast<size_type>(last - first);
 	   this->reserve(n);
 	   CharT* ptr = container_detail::to_raw_pointer(this->priv_addr());
 	   Traits::copy(ptr, first, n);
 	   this->priv_construct_null(ptr + n);
 	   this->priv_size(n);
 	   return *this;
 	}

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Equivalent to assign(basic_string(first, last)).
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   template <class InputIter>
   basic_string& assign(InputIter first, InputIter last
      #if !defined(BOOST_CONTAINER_DOXYGEN_INVOKED)
      , typename container_detail::enable_if_c
         < !container_detail::is_convertible<InputIter, size_type>::value
         >::type * = 0
      #endif
      )
   {
      size_type cur = 0;
      const pointer addr = this->priv_addr();
      CharT *ptr = container_detail::to_raw_pointer(addr);
      const size_type old_size = this->priv_size();
      while (first != last && cur != old_size) {
         Traits::assign(*ptr, *first);
         ++first;
         ++cur;
         ++ptr;
      }
      if (first == last)
         this->erase(addr + cur, addr + old_size);
      else
         this->append(first, last);
      return *this;
   }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: pos <= size().
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Calls insert(pos, str.data(), str.size()).
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: If memory allocation throws or out_of_range if pos > size().
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   basic_string& insert(size_type pos, const basic_string& s)
   {
      const size_type sz = this->size();
      if (pos > sz)
         throw_out_of_range("basic_string::insert out of range position");
      if (sz > this->max_size() - s.size())
         throw_length_error("basic_string::insert max_size() exceeded");
      this->insert(this->priv_addr() + pos, s.begin(), s.end());
      return *this;
   }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: pos1 <= size() and pos2 <= str.size()
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Determines the effective length rlen of the string to insert as
   //!   the smaller of n and str.size() - pos2 and calls insert(pos1, str.data() + pos2, rlen).
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: If memory allocation throws or out_of_range if pos1 > size() or pos2 > str.size().
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   basic_string& insert(size_type pos1, const basic_string& s, size_type pos2, size_type n)
   {
      const size_type sz = this->size();
      const size_type str_size = s.size();
      if (pos1 > sz || pos2 > str_size)
         throw_out_of_range("basic_string::insert out of range position");
      size_type len = container_detail::min_value(n, str_size - pos2);
      if (sz > this->max_size() - len)
         throw_length_error("basic_string::insert max_size() exceeded");
      const CharT *beg_ptr = container_detail::to_raw_pointer(s.begin()) + pos2;
      const CharT *end_ptr = beg_ptr + len;
      this->insert(this->priv_addr() + pos1, beg_ptr, end_ptr);
      return *this;
   }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: s points to an array of at least n elements of CharT and pos <= size().
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Replaces the string controlled by *this with a string of length size() + n
   //!   whose first pos elements are a copy of the initial elements of the original string
   //!   controlled by *this and whose next n elements are a copy of the elements in s and whose
   //!   remaining elements are a copy of the remaining elements of the original string controlled by *this.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: If memory allocation throws, out_of_range if pos > size() or
   //!   length_error if size() + n > max_size().
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   basic_string& insert(size_type pos, const CharT* s, size_type n)
   {
      if (pos > this->size())
         throw_out_of_range("basic_string::insert out of range position");
      if (this->size() > this->max_size() - n)
         throw_length_error("basic_string::insert max_size() exceeded");
      this->insert(this->priv_addr() + pos, s, s + n);
      return *this;
   }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: pos <= size() and s points to an array of at least traits::length(s) + 1 elements of CharT
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Calls insert(pos, s, traits::length(s)).
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: If memory allocation throws, out_of_range if pos > size()
   //!   length_error if size() > max_size() - Traits::length(s)
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   basic_string& insert(size_type pos, const CharT* s)
   {
      if (pos > this->size())
         throw_out_of_range("basic_string::insert out of range position");
      size_type len = Traits::length(s);
      if (this->size() > this->max_size() - len)
         throw_length_error("basic_string::insert max_size() exceeded");
      this->insert(this->priv_addr() + pos, s, s + len);
      return *this;
   }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Equivalent to insert(pos, basic_string(n, c)).
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: If memory allocation throws, out_of_range if pos > size()
   //!   length_error if size() > max_size() - n
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   basic_string& insert(size_type pos, size_type n, CharT c)
   {
      if (pos > this->size())
         throw_out_of_range("basic_string::insert out of range position");
      if (this->size() > this->max_size() - n)
         throw_length_error("basic_string::insert max_size() exceeded");
      this->insert(const_iterator(this->priv_addr() + pos), n, c);
      return *this;
   }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: p is a valid iterator on *this.
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: inserts a copy of c before the character referred to by p.
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: An iterator which refers to the copy of the inserted character.
   iterator insert(const_iterator p, CharT c)
   {
      size_type new_offset = p - this->priv_addr();
      this->insert(p, cvalue_iterator(c, 1), cvalue_iterator());
      return this->priv_addr() + new_offset;
   }


   //! <b>Requires</b>: p is a valid iterator on *this.
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Inserts n copies of c before the character referred to by p.
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: an iterator to the first inserted element or p if n is 0.
   iterator insert(const_iterator p, size_type n, CharT c)
   {  return this->insert(p, cvalue_iterator(c, n), cvalue_iterator());  }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: p is a valid iterator on *this. [first,last) is a valid range.
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Equivalent to insert(p - begin(), basic_string(first, last)).
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: an iterator to the first inserted element or p if first == last.
   template <class InputIter>
   iterator insert(const_iterator p, InputIter first, InputIter last
      #if !defined(BOOST_CONTAINER_DOXYGEN_INVOKED)
      , typename container_detail::enable_if_c
         < !container_detail::is_convertible<InputIter, size_type>::value
            && container_detail::is_input_iterator<InputIter>::value
         >::type * = 0
      #endif
      )
   {
      const size_type n_pos = p - this->cbegin();
      for ( ; first != last; ++first, ++p) {
         p = this->insert(p, *first);
      }
      return this->begin() + n_pos;
   }

   #if !defined(BOOST_CONTAINER_DOXYGEN_INVOKED)
   template <class ForwardIter>
   iterator insert(const_iterator p, ForwardIter first, ForwardIter last
      , typename container_detail::enable_if_c
         < !container_detail::is_convertible<ForwardIter, size_type>::value
            && !container_detail::is_input_iterator<ForwardIter>::value
         >::type * = 0
      )
   {
      const size_type n_pos = p - this->cbegin();
      if (first != last) {
         const size_type n = std::distance(first, last);
         const size_type old_size = this->priv_size();
         const size_type remaining = this->capacity() - old_size;
         const pointer old_start = this->priv_addr();
         bool enough_capacity = false;
         std::pair<pointer, bool> allocation_ret;
         size_type new_cap = 0;

         //Check if we have enough capacity
         if (remaining >= n){
            enough_capacity = true;
         }
         else {
            //Otherwise expand current buffer or allocate new storage
            new_cap  = this->next_capacity(n);
            allocation_ret = this->allocation_command
                  (allocate_new | expand_fwd | expand_bwd, old_size + n + 1,
                     new_cap, new_cap, old_start);

            //Check forward expansion
            if(old_start == allocation_ret.first){
               enough_capacity = true;
               this->priv_storage(new_cap);
            }
         }

         //Reuse same buffer
         if(enough_capacity){
            const size_type elems_after = old_size - (p - old_start);
            const size_type old_length = old_size;
            if (elems_after >= n) {
               const pointer pointer_past_last = old_start + old_size + 1;
               priv_uninitialized_copy(old_start + (old_size - n + 1),
                                       pointer_past_last, pointer_past_last);

               this->priv_size(old_size+n);
               Traits::move(const_cast<CharT*>(container_detail::to_raw_pointer(p + n)),
                           container_detail::to_raw_pointer(p),
                           (elems_after - n) + 1);
               this->priv_copy(first, last, const_cast<CharT*>(container_detail::to_raw_pointer(p)));
            }
            else {
               ForwardIter mid = first;
               std::advance(mid, elems_after + 1);

               priv_uninitialized_copy(mid, last, old_start + old_size + 1);
               const size_type newer_size = old_size + (n - elems_after);
               this->priv_size(newer_size);
               priv_uninitialized_copy
                  (p, const_iterator(old_start + old_length + 1),
                  old_start + newer_size);
               this->priv_size(newer_size + elems_after);
               this->priv_copy(first, mid, const_cast<CharT*>(container_detail::to_raw_pointer(p)));
            }
         }
         else{
            pointer new_start = allocation_ret.first;
            if(!allocation_ret.second){
               //Copy data to new buffer
               size_type new_length = 0;
               //This can't throw, since characters are POD
               new_length += priv_uninitialized_copy
                              (const_iterator(old_start), p, new_start);
               new_length += priv_uninitialized_copy
                              (first, last, new_start + new_length);
               new_length += priv_uninitialized_copy
                              (p, const_iterator(old_start + old_size),
                              new_start + new_length);
               this->priv_construct_null(new_start + new_length);

               this->deallocate_block();
               this->is_short(false);
               this->priv_long_addr(new_start);
               this->priv_long_size(new_length);
               this->priv_long_storage(new_cap);
            }
            else{
               //value_type is POD, so backwards expansion is much easier
               //than with vector<T>
               value_type * const oldbuf     = container_detail::to_raw_pointer(old_start);
               value_type * const newbuf     = container_detail::to_raw_pointer(new_start);
               const value_type *const pos   = container_detail::to_raw_pointer(p);
               const size_type before  = pos - oldbuf;

               //First move old data
               Traits::move(newbuf, oldbuf, before);
               Traits::move(newbuf + before + n, pos, old_size - before);
               //Now initialize the new data
               priv_uninitialized_copy(first, last, new_start + before);
               this->priv_construct_null(new_start + (old_size + n));
               this->is_short(false);
               this->priv_long_addr(new_start);
               this->priv_long_size(old_size + n);
               this->priv_long_storage(new_cap);
            }
         }
      }
      return this->begin() + n_pos;
   }
   #endif

   //! <b>Requires</b>: pos <= size()
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Determines the effective length xlen of the string to be removed as the smaller of n and size() - pos.
   //!   The function then replaces the string controlled by *this with a string of length size() - xlen
   //!   whose first pos elements are a copy of the initial elements of the original string controlled by *this,
   //!   and whose remaining elements are a copy of the elements of the original string controlled by *this
   //!   beginning at position pos + xlen.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: out_of_range if pos > size().
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   basic_string& erase(size_type pos = 0, size_type n = npos)
   {
      if (pos > this->size())
         throw_out_of_range("basic_string::erase out of range position");
      const pointer addr = this->priv_addr();
      erase(addr + pos, addr + pos + container_detail::min_value(n, this->size() - pos));
      return *this;
   }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Removes the character referred to by p.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: An iterator which points to the element immediately following p prior to the element being
   //!    erased. If no such element exists, end() is returned.
   iterator erase(const_iterator p) BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
   {
      // The move includes the terminating null.
      CharT * const ptr = const_cast<CharT*>(container_detail::to_raw_pointer(p));
      const size_type old_size = this->priv_size();
      Traits::move(ptr,
                   container_detail::to_raw_pointer(p + 1),
                   old_size - (p - this->priv_addr()));
      this->priv_size(old_size-1);
      return iterator(ptr);
   }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: first and last are valid iterators on *this, defining a range [first,last).
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Removes the characters in the range [first,last).
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: An iterator which points to the element pointed to by last prior to
   //!   the other elements being erased. If no such element exists, end() is returned.
   iterator erase(const_iterator first, const_iterator last) BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
   {
      CharT * f = const_cast<CharT*>(container_detail::to_raw_pointer(first));
      if (first != last) { // The move includes the terminating null.
         const size_type num_erased = last - first;
         const size_type old_size = this->priv_size();
         Traits::move(f,
                      container_detail::to_raw_pointer(last),
                      (old_size + 1)-(last - this->priv_addr()));
         const size_type new_length = old_size - num_erased;
         this->priv_size(new_length);
      }
      return iterator(f);
   }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: !empty()
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Equivalent to erase(size() - 1, 1).
   void pop_back() BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
   {
      const size_type old_size = this->priv_size();
      Traits::assign(this->priv_addr()[old_size-1], CharT(0));
      this->priv_size(old_size-1);;
   }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Erases all the elements of the vector.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing.
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: Linear to the number of elements in the vector.
   void clear() BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
   {
      if (!this->empty()) {
         Traits::assign(*this->priv_addr(), CharT(0));
         this->priv_size(0);
      }
   }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: pos1 <= size().
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Calls replace(pos1, n1, str.data(), str.size()).
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: if memory allocation throws or out_of_range if pos1 > size().
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   basic_string& replace(size_type pos1, size_type n1, const basic_string& str)
   {
      if (pos1 > this->size())
         throw_out_of_range("basic_string::replace out of range position");
      const size_type len = container_detail::min_value(n1, this->size() - pos1);
      if (this->size() - len >= this->max_size() - str.size())
         throw_length_error("basic_string::replace max_size() exceeded");
      const pointer addr = this->priv_addr();
      return this->replace( const_iterator(addr + pos1)
                          , const_iterator(addr + pos1 + len)
                          , str.begin(), str.end());
   }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: pos1 <= size() and pos2 <= str.size().
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Determines the effective length rlen of the string to be
   //!   inserted as the smaller of n2 and str.size() - pos2 and calls
   //!   replace(pos1, n1, str.data() + pos2, rlen).
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: if memory allocation throws, out_of_range if pos1 > size() or pos2 > str.size().
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   basic_string& replace(size_type pos1, size_type n1,
                         const basic_string& str, size_type pos2, size_type n2)
   {
      if (pos1 > this->size() || pos2 > str.size())
         throw_out_of_range("basic_string::replace out of range position");
      const size_type len1 = container_detail::min_value(n1, this->size() - pos1);
      const size_type len2 = container_detail::min_value(n2, str.size() - pos2);
      if (this->size() - len1 >= this->max_size() - len2)
         throw_length_error("basic_string::replace max_size() exceeded");
      const pointer addr    = this->priv_addr();
      const pointer straddr = str.priv_addr();
      return this->replace(addr + pos1, addr + pos1 + len1,
                     straddr + pos2, straddr + pos2 + len2);
   }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: pos1 <= size() and s points to an array of at least n2 elements of CharT.
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Determines the effective length xlen of the string to be removed as the
   //!   smaller of n1 and size() - pos1. If size() - xlen >= max_size() - n2 throws length_error.
   //!   Otherwise, the function replaces the string controlled by *this with a string of
   //!   length size() - xlen + n2 whose first pos1 elements are a copy of the initial elements
   //!   of the original string controlled by *this, whose next n2 elements are a copy of the
   //!   initial n2 elements of s, and whose remaining elements are a copy of the elements of
   //!   the original string controlled by *this beginning at position pos + xlen.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: if memory allocation throws, out_of_range if pos1 > size() or length_error
   //!   if the length of the  resulting string would exceed max_size()
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   basic_string& replace(size_type pos1, size_type n1, const CharT* s, size_type n2)
   {
      if (pos1 > this->size())
         throw_out_of_range("basic_string::replace out of range position");
      const size_type len = container_detail::min_value(n1, this->size() - pos1);
      if (n2 > this->max_size() || size() - len >= this->max_size() - n2)
         throw_length_error("basic_string::replace max_size() exceeded");
      const pointer addr    = this->priv_addr();
      return this->replace(addr + pos1, addr + pos1 + len, s, s + n2);
   }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: pos1 <= size() and s points to an array of at least n2 elements of CharT.
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Determines the effective length xlen of the string to be removed as the smaller
   //! of n1 and size() - pos1. If size() - xlen >= max_size() - n2 throws length_error. Otherwise,
   //! the function replaces the string controlled by *this with a string of length size() - xlen + n2
   //! whose first pos1 elements are a copy of the initial elements of the original string controlled
   //! by *this, whose next n2 elements are a copy of the initial n2 elements of s, and whose
   //! remaining elements are a copy of the elements of the original string controlled by *this
   //! beginning at position pos + xlen.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: if memory allocation throws, out_of_range if pos1 > size() or length_error
   //!   if the length of the resulting string would exceed max_size()
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   basic_string& replace(size_type pos, size_type n1, const CharT* s)
   {
      if (pos > this->size())
         throw_out_of_range("basic_string::replace out of range position");
      const size_type len = container_detail::min_value(n1, this->size() - pos);
      const size_type n2 = Traits::length(s);
      if (n2 > this->max_size() || this->size() - len >= this->max_size() - n2)
         throw_length_error("basic_string::replace max_size() exceeded");
      const pointer addr    = this->priv_addr();
      return this->replace(addr + pos, addr + pos + len,
                     s, s + Traits::length(s));
   }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: pos1 <= size().
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Equivalent to replace(pos1, n1, basic_string(n2, c)).
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: if memory allocation throws, out_of_range if pos1 > size() or length_error
   //!   if the length of the  resulting string would exceed max_size()
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   basic_string& replace(size_type pos1, size_type n1, size_type n2, CharT c)
   {
      if (pos1 > this->size())
         throw_out_of_range("basic_string::replace out of range position");
      const size_type len = container_detail::min_value(n1, this->size() - pos1);
      if (n2 > this->max_size() || this->size() - len >= this->max_size() - n2)
         throw_length_error("basic_string::replace max_size() exceeded");
      const pointer addr    = this->priv_addr();
      return this->replace(addr + pos1, addr + pos1 + len, n2, c);
   }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: [begin(),i1) and [i1,i2) are valid ranges.
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Calls replace(i1 - begin(), i2 - i1, str).
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: if memory allocation throws
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   basic_string& replace(const_iterator i1, const_iterator i2, const basic_string& str)
   { return this->replace(i1, i2, str.begin(), str.end()); }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: [begin(),i1) and [i1,i2) are valid ranges and
   //!   s points to an array of at least n elements
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Calls replace(i1 - begin(), i2 - i1, s, n).
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: if memory allocation throws
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   basic_string& replace(const_iterator i1, const_iterator i2, const CharT* s, size_type n)
   { return this->replace(i1, i2, s, s + n); }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: [begin(),i1) and [i1,i2) are valid ranges and s points to an
   //!   array of at least traits::length(s) + 1 elements of CharT.
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Calls replace(i1 - begin(), i2 - i1, s, traits::length(s)).
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: if memory allocation throws
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   basic_string& replace(const_iterator i1, const_iterator i2, const CharT* s)
   {  return this->replace(i1, i2, s, s + Traits::length(s));   }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: [begin(),i1) and [i1,i2) are valid ranges.
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Calls replace(i1 - begin(), i2 - i1, basic_string(n, c)).
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: if memory allocation throws
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   basic_string& replace(const_iterator i1, const_iterator i2, size_type n, CharT c)
   {
      const size_type len = static_cast<size_type>(i2 - i1);
      if (len >= n) {
         Traits::assign(const_cast<CharT*>(container_detail::to_raw_pointer(i1)), n, c);
         erase(i1 + n, i2);
      }
      else {
         Traits::assign(const_cast<CharT*>(container_detail::to_raw_pointer(i1)), len, c);
         insert(i2, n - len, c);
      }
      return *this;
   }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: [begin(),i1), [i1,i2) and [j1,j2) are valid ranges.
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Calls replace(i1 - begin(), i2 - i1, basic_string(j1, j2)).
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: if memory allocation throws
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: *this
   template <class InputIter>
   basic_string& replace(const_iterator i1, const_iterator i2, InputIter j1, InputIter j2
      #if !defined(BOOST_CONTAINER_DOXYGEN_INVOKED)
      , typename container_detail::enable_if_c
         < !container_detail::is_convertible<InputIter, size_type>::value
            && container_detail::is_input_iterator<InputIter>::value
         >::type * = 0
      #endif
      )
   {
      for ( ; i1 != i2 && j1 != j2; ++i1, ++j1){
         Traits::assign(*const_cast<CharT*>(container_detail::to_raw_pointer(i1)), *j1);
      }

      if (j1 == j2)
         this->erase(i1, i2);
      else
         this->insert(i2, j1, j2);
      return *this;
   }

   #if !defined(BOOST_CONTAINER_DOXYGEN_INVOKED)
   template <class ForwardIter>
   basic_string& replace(const_iterator i1, const_iterator i2, ForwardIter j1, ForwardIter j2
      , typename container_detail::enable_if_c
         < !container_detail::is_convertible<ForwardIter, size_type>::value
            && !container_detail::is_input_iterator<ForwardIter>::value
         >::type * = 0
      )
   {
      difference_type n = std::distance(j1, j2);
      const difference_type len = i2 - i1;
      if (len >= n) {
         this->priv_copy(j1, j2, const_cast<CharT*>(container_detail::to_raw_pointer(i1)));
         this->erase(i1 + n, i2);
      }
      else {
         ForwardIter m = j1;
         std::advance(m, len);
         this->priv_copy(j1, m, const_cast<CharT*>(container_detail::to_raw_pointer(i1)));
         this->insert(i2, m, j2);
      }
      return *this;
   }
   #endif

   //! <b>Requires</b>: pos <= size()
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Determines the effective length rlen of the string to copy as the
   //!   smaller of n and size() - pos. s shall designate an array of at least rlen elements.
   //!   The function then replaces the string designated by s with a string of length rlen
   //!   whose elements are a copy of the string controlled by *this beginning at position pos.
   //!   The function does not append a null object to the string designated by s.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: if memory allocation throws, out_of_range if pos > size().
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: rlen
   size_type copy(CharT* s, size_type n, size_type pos = 0) const
   {
      if (pos > this->size())
         throw_out_of_range("basic_string::copy out of range position");
      const size_type len = container_detail::min_value(n, this->size() - pos);
      Traits::copy(s, container_detail::to_raw_pointer(this->priv_addr() + pos), len);
      return len;
   }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: *this contains the same sequence of characters that was in s,
   //!   s contains the same sequence of characters that was in *this.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   void swap(basic_string& x)
   {
      this->base_t::swap_data(x);
      container_detail::bool_<allocator_traits_type::propagate_on_container_swap::value> flag;
      container_detail::swap_alloc(this->alloc(), x.alloc(), flag);
   }

   //////////////////////////////////////////////
   //
   //                 data access
   //
   //////////////////////////////////////////////

   //! <b>Requires</b>: The program shall not alter any of the values stored in the character array.
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: Allocator pointer p such that p + i == &operator[](i) for each i in [0,size()].
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: constant time.
   const CharT* c_str() const BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
   {  return container_detail::to_raw_pointer(this->priv_addr()); }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: The program shall not alter any of the values stored in the character array.
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: Allocator pointer p such that p + i == &operator[](i) for each i in [0,size()].
   //!
   //! <b>Complexity</b>: constant time.
   const CharT* data()  const BOOST_CONTAINER_NOEXCEPT
   {  return container_detail::to_raw_pointer(this->priv_addr()); }

   //////////////////////////////////////////////
   //
   //             string operations
   //
   //////////////////////////////////////////////

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Determines the lowest position xpos, if possible, such that both
   //!   of the following conditions obtain: 19 pos <= xpos and xpos + str.size() <= size();
   //!   2) traits::eq(at(xpos+I), str.at(I)) for all elements I of the string controlled by str.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: xpos if the function can determine such a value for xpos. Otherwise, returns npos.
   size_type find(const basic_string& s, size_type pos = 0) const
   { return find(s.c_str(), pos, s.size()); }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: s points to an array of at least n elements of CharT.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: find(basic_string<CharT,traits,Allocator>(s,n),pos).
   size_type find(const CharT* s, size_type pos, size_type n) const
   {
      if (pos + n > this->size())
         return npos;
      else {
         const pointer addr = this->priv_addr();
         pointer finish = addr + this->priv_size();
         const const_iterator result =
            std::search(container_detail::to_raw_pointer(addr + pos),
                   container_detail::to_raw_pointer(finish),
                   s, s + n, Eq_traits<Traits>());
         return result != finish ? result - begin() : npos;
      }
   }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: s points to an array of at least traits::length(s) + 1 elements of CharT.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: find(basic_string(s), pos).
   size_type find(const CharT* s, size_type pos = 0) const
   { return this->find(s, pos, Traits::length(s)); }

   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: find(basic_string<CharT,traits,Allocator>(1,c), pos).
   size_type find(CharT c, size_type pos = 0) const
   {
      const size_type sz = this->size();
      if (pos >= sz)
         return npos;
      else {
         const pointer addr    = this->priv_addr();
         pointer finish = addr + sz;
         const const_iterator result =
            std::find_if(addr + pos, finish,
                  std::bind2nd(Eq_traits<Traits>(), c));
         return result != finish ? result - begin() : npos;
      }
   }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Determines the highest position xpos, if possible, such
   //!   that both of the following conditions obtain:
   //!   a) xpos <= pos and xpos + str.size() <= size();
   //!   b) traits::eq(at(xpos+I), str.at(I)) for all elements I of the string controlled by str.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: xpos if the function can determine such a value for xpos. Otherwise, returns npos.
   size_type rfind(const basic_string& str, size_type pos = npos) const
      { return rfind(str.c_str(), pos, str.size()); }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: s points to an array of at least n elements of CharT.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: rfind(basic_string(s, n), pos).
   size_type rfind(const CharT* s, size_type pos, size_type n) const
   {
      const size_type len = this->size();

      if (n > len)
         return npos;
      else if (n == 0)
         return container_detail::min_value(len, pos);
      else {
         const const_iterator last = begin() + container_detail::min_value(len - n, pos) + n;
         const const_iterator result = find_end(begin(), last,
                                                s, s + n,
                                                Eq_traits<Traits>());
         return result != last ? result - begin() : npos;
      }
   }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: pos <= size() and s points to an array of at least
   //!   traits::length(s) + 1 elements of CharT.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: rfind(basic_string(s), pos).
   size_type rfind(const CharT* s, size_type pos = npos) const
      { return rfind(s, pos, Traits::length(s)); }

   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: rfind(basic_string<CharT,traits,Allocator>(1,c),pos).
   size_type rfind(CharT c, size_type pos = npos) const
   {
      const size_type len = this->size();

      if (len < 1)
         return npos;
      else {
         const const_iterator last = begin() + container_detail::min_value(len - 1, pos) + 1;
         const_reverse_iterator rresult =
            std::find_if(const_reverse_iterator(last), rend(),
                  std::bind2nd(Eq_traits<Traits>(), c));
         return rresult != rend() ? (rresult.base() - 1) - begin() : npos;
      }
   }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Determines the lowest position xpos, if possible, such that both of the
   //!   following conditions obtain: a) pos <= xpos and xpos < size();
   //!   b) traits::eq(at(xpos), str.at(I)) for some element I of the string controlled by str.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: xpos if the function can determine such a value for xpos. Otherwise, returns npos.
   size_type find_first_of(const basic_string& s, size_type pos = 0) const
      { return find_first_of(s.c_str(), pos, s.size()); }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: s points to an array of at least n elements of CharT.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: find_first_of(basic_string(s, n), pos).
   size_type find_first_of(const CharT* s, size_type pos, size_type n) const
   {
      const size_type sz = this->size();
      if (pos >= sz)
         return npos;
      else {
         const pointer addr    = this->priv_addr();
         pointer finish = addr + sz;
         const_iterator result = std::find_first_of
            (addr + pos, finish, s, s + n, Eq_traits<Traits>());
         return result != finish ? result - this->begin() : npos;
      }
   }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: s points to an array of at least traits::length(s) + 1 elements of CharT.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: find_first_of(basic_string(s), pos).
   size_type find_first_of(const CharT* s, size_type pos = 0) const
      { return find_first_of(s, pos, Traits::length(s)); }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: s points to an array of at least traits::length(s) + 1 elements of CharT.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: find_first_of(basic_string<CharT,traits,Allocator>(1,c), pos).
   size_type find_first_of(CharT c, size_type pos = 0) const
    { return find(c, pos); }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Determines the highest position xpos, if possible, such that both of
   //!   the following conditions obtain: a) xpos <= pos and xpos < size(); b)
   //!   traits::eq(at(xpos), str.at(I)) for some element I of the string controlled by str.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: xpos if the function can determine such a value for xpos. Otherwise, returns npos.
   size_type find_last_of(const basic_string& str, size_type pos = npos) const
      { return find_last_of(str.c_str(), pos, str.size()); }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: s points to an array of at least n elements of CharT.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: find_last_of(basic_string(s, n), pos).
   size_type find_last_of(const CharT* s, size_type pos, size_type n) const
   {
      const size_type len = this->size();

      if (len < 1)
         return npos;
      else {
         const pointer addr    = this->priv_addr();
         const const_iterator last = addr + container_detail::min_value(len - 1, pos) + 1;
         const const_reverse_iterator rresult =
            std::find_first_of(const_reverse_iterator(last), rend(),
                               s, s + n, Eq_traits<Traits>());
         return rresult != rend() ? (rresult.base() - 1) - addr : npos;
      }
   }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: s points to an array of at least traits::length(s) + 1 elements of CharT.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: find_last_of(basic_string<CharT,traits,Allocator>(1,c),pos).
   size_type find_last_of(const CharT* s, size_type pos = npos) const
      { return find_last_of(s, pos, Traits::length(s)); }

   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: find_last_of(basic_string(s), pos).
   size_type find_last_of(CharT c, size_type pos = npos) const
      {  return rfind(c, pos);   }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Determines the lowest position xpos, if possible, such that
   //!   both of the following conditions obtain:
   //!   a) pos <= xpos and xpos < size(); b) traits::eq(at(xpos), str.at(I)) for no
   //!   element I of the string controlled by str.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: xpos if the function can determine such a value for xpos. Otherwise, returns npos.
   size_type find_first_not_of(const basic_string& str, size_type pos = 0) const
      { return find_first_not_of(str.c_str(), pos, str.size()); }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: s points to an array of at least traits::length(s) + 1 elements of CharT.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: find_first_not_of(basic_string(s, n), pos).
   size_type find_first_not_of(const CharT* s, size_type pos, size_type n) const
   {
      if (pos > this->size())
         return npos;
      else {
         const pointer addr   = this->priv_addr();
         const pointer finish = addr + this->priv_size();
         const const_iterator result = std::find_if
            (addr + pos, finish, Not_within_traits<Traits>(s, s + n));
         return result != finish ? result - addr : npos;
      }
   }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: s points to an array of at least traits::length(s) + 1 elements of CharT.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: find_first_not_of(basic_string(s), pos).
   size_type find_first_not_of(const CharT* s, size_type pos = 0) const
      { return find_first_not_of(s, pos, Traits::length(s)); }

   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: find_first_not_of(basic_string(1, c), pos).
   size_type find_first_not_of(CharT c, size_type pos = 0) const
   {
      if (pos > this->size())
         return npos;
      else {
         const pointer addr   = this->priv_addr();
         const pointer finish = addr + this->priv_size();
         const const_iterator result
            = std::find_if(addr + pos, finish,
                     std::not1(std::bind2nd(Eq_traits<Traits>(), c)));
         return result != finish ? result - begin() : npos;
      }
   }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Determines the highest position xpos, if possible, such that
   //!   both of the following conditions obtain: a) xpos <= pos and xpos < size();
   //!   b) traits::eq(at(xpos), str.at(I)) for no element I of the string controlled by str.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: xpos if the function can determine such a value for xpos. Otherwise, returns npos.
   size_type find_last_not_of(const basic_string& str, size_type pos = npos) const
      { return find_last_not_of(str.c_str(), pos, str.size()); }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: s points to an array of at least n elements of CharT.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: find_last_not_of(basic_string(s, n), pos).
   size_type find_last_not_of(const CharT* s, size_type pos, size_type n) const
   {
      const size_type len = this->size();

      if (len < 1)
         return npos;
      else {
         const const_iterator last = begin() + container_detail::min_value(len - 1, pos) + 1;
         const const_reverse_iterator rresult =
            std::find_if(const_reverse_iterator(last), rend(),
                    Not_within_traits<Traits>(s, s + n));
         return rresult != rend() ? (rresult.base() - 1) - begin() : npos;
      }
   }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: s points to an array of at least traits::length(s) + 1 elements of CharT.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: find_last_not_of(basic_string(s), pos).
   size_type find_last_not_of(const CharT* s, size_type pos = npos) const
      { return find_last_not_of(s, pos, Traits::length(s)); }

   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: find_last_not_of(basic_string(1, c), pos).
   size_type find_last_not_of(CharT c, size_type pos = npos) const
   {
      const size_type len = this->size();

      if (len < 1)
         return npos;
      else {
         const const_iterator last = begin() + container_detail::min_value(len - 1, pos) + 1;
         const const_reverse_iterator rresult =
            std::find_if(const_reverse_iterator(last), rend(),
                  std::not1(std::bind2nd(Eq_traits<Traits>(), c)));
         return rresult != rend() ? (rresult.base() - 1) - begin() : npos;
      }
   }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: Requires: pos <= size()
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Determines the effective length rlen of the string to copy as
   //!   the smaller of n and size() - pos.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: If memory allocation throws or out_of_range if pos > size().
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: basic_string<CharT,traits,Allocator>(data()+pos,rlen).
   basic_string substr(size_type pos = 0, size_type n = npos) const
   {
      if (pos > this->size())
         throw_out_of_range("basic_string::substr out of range position");
      const pointer addr = this->priv_addr();
      return basic_string(addr + pos,
                          addr + pos + container_detail::min_value(n, size() - pos), this->alloc());
   }

   //! <b>Effects</b>: Determines the effective length rlen of the string to copy as
   //!   the smaller of size() and str.size(). The function then compares the two strings by
   //!   calling traits::compare(data(), str.data(), rlen).
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: The nonzero result if the result of the comparison is nonzero.
   //!   Otherwise, returns a value < 0 if size() < str.size(), a 0 value if size() == str.size(),
   //!   and value > 0 if size() > str.size()
   int compare(const basic_string& str) const
   {
      const pointer addr     = this->priv_addr();
      const pointer str_addr = str.priv_addr();
      return s_compare(addr, addr + this->priv_size(), str_addr, str_addr + str.priv_size());
   }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: pos1 <= size()
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Determines the effective length rlen of the string to copy as
   //!   the smaller of
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: out_of_range if pos1 > size()
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>:basic_string(*this,pos1,n1).compare(str).
   int compare(size_type pos1, size_type n1, const basic_string& str) const
   {
      if (pos1 > this->size())
         throw_out_of_range("basic_string::compare out of range position");
      const pointer addr    = this->priv_addr();
      const pointer str_addr = str.priv_addr();
      return s_compare(addr + pos1,
                        addr + pos1 + container_detail::min_value(n1, this->size() - pos1),
                        str_addr, str_addr + str.priv_size());
   }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: pos1 <= size() and pos2 <= str.size()
   //!
   //! <b>Effects</b>: Determines the effective length rlen of the string to copy as
   //!   the smaller of
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: out_of_range if pos1 > size() or pos2 > str.size()
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: basic_string(*this, pos1, n1).compare(basic_string(str, pos2, n2)).
   int compare(size_type pos1, size_type n1, const basic_string& str, size_type pos2, size_type n2) const
   {
      if (pos1 > this->size() || pos2 > str.size())
         throw_out_of_range("basic_string::compare out of range position");
      const pointer addr     = this->priv_addr();
      const pointer str_addr = str.priv_addr();
      return s_compare(addr + pos1,
                        addr + pos1 + container_detail::min_value(n1, this->size() - pos1),
                        str_addr + pos2,
                        str_addr + pos2 + container_detail::min_value(n2, str.size() - pos2));
   }

   //! <b>Throws</b>: Nothing
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: compare(basic_string(s)).
   int compare(const CharT* s) const
   {
      const pointer addr = this->priv_addr();
      return s_compare(addr, addr + this->priv_size(), s, s + Traits::length(s));
   }


   //! <b>Requires</b>: pos1 > size() and s points to an array of at least n2 elements of CharT.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: out_of_range if pos1 > size()
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: basic_string(*this, pos, n1).compare(basic_string(s, n2)).
   int compare(size_type pos1, size_type n1, const CharT* s, size_type n2) const
   {
      if (pos1 > this->size())
         throw_out_of_range("basic_string::compare out of range position");
      const pointer addr = this->priv_addr();
      return s_compare( addr + pos1,
                        addr + pos1 + container_detail::min_value(n1, this->size() - pos1),
                        s, s + n2);
   }

   //! <b>Requires</b>: pos1 > size() and s points to an array of at least traits::length(s) + 1 elements of CharT.
   //!
   //! <b>Throws</b>: out_of_range if pos1 > size()
   //!
   //! <b>Returns</b>: basic_string(*this, pos, n1).compare(basic_string(s, n2)).
   int compare(size_type pos1, size_type n1, const CharT* s) const
   {  return this->compare(pos1, n1, s, Traits::length(s)); }

   #ifndef BOOST_CONTAINER_DOXYGEN_INVOKED
   private:
   void priv_reserve(size_type res_arg, const bool null_terminate = true)
   {
      if (res_arg > this->max_size()){
         throw_length_error("basic_string::reserve max_size() exceeded");
      }

      if (this->capacity() < res_arg){
         size_type n = container_detail::max_value(res_arg, this->size()) + 1;
         size_type new_cap = this->next_capacity(n);
         pointer new_start = this->allocation_command
            (allocate_new, n, new_cap, new_cap).first;
         size_type new_length = 0;

         const pointer addr = this->priv_addr();
         new_length += priv_uninitialized_copy
            (addr, addr + this->priv_size(), new_start);
         if(null_terminate){
            this->priv_construct_null(new_start + new_length);
         }
         this->deallocate_block();
         this->is_short(false);
         this->priv_long_addr(new_start);
         this->priv_long_size(new_length);
         this->priv_storage(new_cap);
      }
   }

   static int s_compare(const_pointer f1, const_pointer l1,
                        const_pointer f2, const_pointer l2)
   {
      const difference_type n1 = l1 - f1;
      const difference_type n2 = l2 - f2;
      const int cmp = Traits::compare(container_detail::to_raw_pointer(f1),
                                      container_detail::to_raw_pointer(f2),
                                      container_detail::min_value(n1, n2));
      return cmp != 0 ? cmp : (n1 < n2 ? -1 : (n1 > n2 ? 1 : 0));
   }

   template<class AllocVersion>
   void priv_shrink_to_fit_dynamic_buffer
      ( AllocVersion
      , typename container_detail::enable_if<container_detail::is_same<AllocVersion, allocator_v1> >::type* = 0)
   {
      //Allocate a new buffer.
      size_type real_cap = 0;
      const pointer   long_addr    = this->priv_long_addr();
      const size_type long_size    = this->priv_long_size();
      const size_type long_storage = this->priv_long_storage();
      //We can make this nothrow as chars are always NoThrowCopyables
      BOOST_TRY{
         const std::pair<pointer, bool> ret = this->allocation_command
               (allocate_new, long_size+1, long_size+1, real_cap, long_addr);
         //Copy and update
         Traits::copy( container_detail::to_raw_pointer(ret.first)
                     , container_detail::to_raw_pointer(this->priv_long_addr())
                     , long_size+1);
         this->priv_long_addr(ret.first);
         this->priv_storage(real_cap);
         //And release old buffer
         this->alloc().deallocate(long_addr, long_storage);
      }
      BOOST_CATCH(...){
         return;
      }
      BOOST_CATCH_END
   }

   template<class AllocVersion>
   void priv_shrink_to_fit_dynamic_buffer
      ( AllocVersion
      , typename container_detail::enable_if<container_detail::is_same<AllocVersion, allocator_v2> >::type* = 0)
   {
      size_type received_size;
      if(this->alloc().allocation_command
         ( shrink_in_place | nothrow_allocation
         , this->priv_long_storage(), this->priv_long_size()+1
         , received_size, this->priv_long_addr()).first){
         this->priv_storage(received_size);
      }
   }

   void priv_construct_null(pointer p)
   {  this->construct(p, CharT(0));  }

   // Helper functions used by constructors.  It is a severe error for
   // any of them to be called anywhere except from within constructors.
   void priv_terminate_string()
   {  this->priv_construct_null(this->priv_end_addr());  }

   template<class FwdIt, class Count> inline
   void priv_uninitialized_fill_n(FwdIt first, Count count, const CharT val)
   {
      //Save initial position
      FwdIt init = first;

      BOOST_TRY{
         //Construct objects
         for (; count--; ++first){
            this->construct(first, val);
         }
      }
      BOOST_CATCH(...){
         //Call destructors
         for (; init != first; ++init){
            this->destroy(init);
         }
         BOOST_RETHROW
      }
      BOOST_CATCH_END
   }

   template<class InpIt, class FwdIt> inline
   size_type priv_uninitialized_copy(InpIt first, InpIt last, FwdIt dest)
   {
      //Save initial destination position
      FwdIt dest_init = dest;
      size_type constructed = 0;

      BOOST_TRY{
         //Try to build objects
         for (; first != last; ++dest, ++first, ++constructed){
            this->construct(dest, *first);
         }
      }
      BOOST_CATCH(...){
         //Call destructors
         for (; constructed--; ++dest_init){
            this->destroy(dest_init);
         }
         BOOST_RETHROW
      }
      BOOST_CATCH_END
      return (constructed);
   }

   template <class InputIterator, class OutIterator>
   void priv_copy(InputIterator first, InputIterator last, OutIterator result)
   {
      for ( ; first != last; ++first, ++result)
         Traits::assign(*result, *first);
   }

   void priv_copy(const CharT* first, const CharT* last, CharT* result)
   {  Traits::copy(result, first, last - first);  }

   template <class Integer>
   basic_string& priv_replace_dispatch(const_iterator first, const_iterator last,
                                       Integer n, Integer x,
                                       container_detail::true_)
   {  return this->replace(first, last, (size_type) n, (CharT) x);   }

   template <class InputIter>
   basic_string& priv_replace_dispatch(const_iterator first, const_iterator last,
                                       InputIter f, InputIter l,
                                       container_detail::false_)
   {
      typedef typename std::iterator_traits<InputIter>::iterator_category Category;
      return this->priv_replace(first, last, f, l, Category());
   }

   #endif   //#ifndef BOOST_CONTAINER_DOXYGEN_INVOKED
};

#ifdef BOOST_CONTAINER_DOXYGEN_INVOKED

//!Typedef for a basic_string of
//!narrow characters
typedef basic_string
   <char
   ,std::char_traits<char>
   ,std::allocator<char> >
string;

//!Typedef for a basic_string of
//!narrow characters
typedef basic_string
   <wchar_t
   ,std::char_traits<wchar_t>
   ,std::allocator<wchar_t> >
wstring;

#endif

// ------------------------------------------------------------
// Non-member functions.

// Operator+

template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator> inline
   basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>
   operator+(const basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& x
            ,const basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& y)
{
   typedef basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator> str_t;
   typedef typename str_t::reserve_t reserve_t;
   reserve_t reserve;
   str_t result(reserve, x.size() + y.size(), x.get_stored_allocator());
   result.append(x);
   result.append(y);
   return result;
}

template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator> inline
   basic_string<CharT, Traits, Allocator> operator+
      ( BOOST_RV_REF_BEG basic_string<CharT, Traits, Allocator> BOOST_RV_REF_END mx
      , BOOST_RV_REF_BEG basic_string<CharT, Traits, Allocator> BOOST_RV_REF_END my)
{
   mx += my;
   return boost::move(mx);
}

template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator> inline
   basic_string<CharT, Traits, Allocator> operator+
      ( BOOST_RV_REF_BEG basic_string<CharT, Traits, Allocator> BOOST_RV_REF_END mx
      , const basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& y)
{
   mx += y;
   return boost::move(mx);
}

template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator> inline
   basic_string<CharT, Traits, Allocator> operator+
      (const basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& x
      ,BOOST_RV_REF_BEG basic_string<CharT, Traits, Allocator> BOOST_RV_REF_END my)
{
   my.insert(my.begin(), x.begin(), x.end());
   return boost::move(my);
}

template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator> inline
   basic_string<CharT, Traits, Allocator> operator+
      (const CharT* s, basic_string<CharT, Traits, Allocator> y)
{
   y.insert(y.begin(), s, s + Traits::length(s));
   return y;
}

template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator> inline
   basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator> operator+
      (basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator> x, const CharT* s)
{
   x += s;
   return x;
}

template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator> inline
   basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator> operator+
      (CharT c, basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator> y)
{
   y.insert(y.begin(), c);
   return y;
}

template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator> inline
   basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator> operator+
      (basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator> x, const CharT c)
{
   x += c;
   return x;
}

// Operator== and operator!=

template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator>
inline bool
operator==(const basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& x,
           const basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& y)
{
   return x.size() == y.size() &&
          Traits::compare(x.data(), y.data(), x.size()) == 0;
}

template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator>
inline bool
operator==(const CharT* s, const basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& y)
{
   typename basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>::size_type n = Traits::length(s);
   return n == y.size() && Traits::compare(s, y.data(), n) == 0;
}

template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator>
inline bool
operator==(const basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& x, const CharT* s)
{
   typename basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>::size_type n = Traits::length(s);
   return x.size() == n && Traits::compare(x.data(), s, n) == 0;
}

template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator>
inline bool
operator!=(const basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& x,
           const basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& y)
   {  return !(x == y);  }

template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator>
inline bool
operator!=(const CharT* s, const basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& y)
   {  return !(s == y); }

template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator>
inline bool
operator!=(const basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& x, const CharT* s)
   {  return !(x == s);   }


// Operator< (and also >, <=, and >=).

template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator>
inline bool
operator<(const basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& x, const basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& y)
{
   return x.compare(y) < 0;
//   return basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>
//      ::s_compare(x.begin(), x.end(), y.begin(), y.end()) < 0;
}

template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator>
inline bool
operator<(const CharT* s, const basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& y)
{
   return y.compare(s) > 0;
//   basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>::size_type n = Traits::length(s);
//   return basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>
//          ::s_compare(s, s + n, y.begin(), y.end()) < 0;
}

template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator>
inline bool
operator<(const basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& x,
          const CharT* s)
{
   return x.compare(s) < 0;
//   basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>::size_type n = Traits::length(s);
//   return basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>
//      ::s_compare(x.begin(), x.end(), s, s + n) < 0;
}

template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator>
inline bool
operator>(const basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& x,
          const basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& y) {
   return y < x;
}

template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator>
inline bool
operator>(const CharT* s, const basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& y) {
   return y < s;
}

template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator>
inline bool
operator>(const basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& x, const CharT* s)
{
   return s < x;
}

template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator>
inline bool
operator<=(const basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& x,
           const basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& y)
{
  return !(y < x);
}

template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator>
inline bool
operator<=(const CharT* s, const basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& y)
   {  return !(y < s);  }

template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator>
inline bool
operator<=(const basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& x, const CharT* s)
   {  return !(s < x);  }

template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator>
inline bool
operator>=(const basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& x,
           const basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& y)
   {  return !(x < y);  }

template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator>
inline bool
operator>=(const CharT* s, const basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& y)
   {  return !(s < y);  }

template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator>
inline bool
operator>=(const basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& x, const CharT* s)
   {  return !(x < s);  }

// Swap.
template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator>
inline void swap(basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& x, basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& y)
{  x.swap(y);  }

#ifndef BOOST_CONTAINER_DOXYGEN_INVOKED
// I/O.
namespace container_detail {

template <class CharT, class Traits>
inline bool
string_fill(std::basic_ostream<CharT, Traits>& os,
                  std::basic_streambuf<CharT, Traits>* buf,
                  std::size_t n)
{
   CharT f = os.fill();
   std::size_t i;
   bool ok = true;

   for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
      ok = ok && !Traits::eq_int_type(buf->sputc(f), Traits::eof());
   return ok;
}

}  //namespace container_detail {
#endif   //#ifndef BOOST_CONTAINER_DOXYGEN_INVOKED

template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator>
std::basic_ostream<CharT, Traits>&
operator<<(std::basic_ostream<CharT, Traits>& os, const basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& s)
{
   typename std::basic_ostream<CharT, Traits>::sentry sentry(os);
   bool ok = false;

   if (sentry) {
      ok = true;
      typename basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>::size_type n = s.size();
      typename basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>::size_type pad_len = 0;
      const bool left = (os.flags() & std::ios::left) != 0;
      const std::size_t w = os.width(0);
      std::basic_streambuf<CharT, Traits>* buf = os.rdbuf();

      if (w != 0 && n < w)
         pad_len = w - n;

      if (!left)
         ok = container_detail::string_fill(os, buf, pad_len);

      ok = ok &&
            buf->sputn(s.data(), std::streamsize(n)) == std::streamsize(n);

      if (left)
         ok = ok && container_detail::string_fill(os, buf, pad_len);
   }

   if (!ok)
      os.setstate(std::ios_base::failbit);

   return os;
}


template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator>
std::basic_istream<CharT, Traits>&
operator>>(std::basic_istream<CharT, Traits>& is, basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& s)
{
   typename std::basic_istream<CharT, Traits>::sentry sentry(is);

   if (sentry) {
      std::basic_streambuf<CharT, Traits>* buf = is.rdbuf();
      const std::ctype<CharT>& ctype = std::use_facet<std::ctype<CharT> >(is.getloc());

      s.clear();
      std::size_t n = is.width(0);
      if (n == 0)
         n = static_cast<std::size_t>(-1);
      else
         s.reserve(n);

      while (n-- > 0) {
         typename Traits::int_type c1 = buf->sbumpc();

         if (Traits::eq_int_type(c1, Traits::eof())) {
            is.setstate(std::ios_base::eofbit);
            break;
         }
         else {
            CharT c = Traits::to_char_type(c1);

            if (ctype.is(std::ctype<CharT>::space, c)) {
               if (Traits::eq_int_type(buf->sputbackc(c), Traits::eof()))
                  is.setstate(std::ios_base::failbit);
               break;
            }
            else
               s.push_back(c);
         }
      }

      // If we have read no characters, then set failbit.
      if (s.size() == 0)
         is.setstate(std::ios_base::failbit);
   }
   else
      is.setstate(std::ios_base::failbit);

   return is;
}

template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator>
std::basic_istream<CharT, Traits>&
getline(std::istream& is, basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& s,CharT delim)
{
   typename basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>::size_type nread = 0;
   typename std::basic_istream<CharT, Traits>::sentry sentry(is, true);
   if (sentry) {
      std::basic_streambuf<CharT, Traits>* buf = is.rdbuf();
      s.clear();

      while (nread < s.max_size()) {
         int c1 = buf->sbumpc();
         if (Traits::eq_int_type(c1, Traits::eof())) {
            is.setstate(std::ios_base::eofbit);
            break;
         }
         else {
            ++nread;
            CharT c = Traits::to_char_type(c1);
            if (!Traits::eq(c, delim))
               s.push_back(c);
            else
               break;              // Character is extracted but not appended.
         }
      }
   }
   if (nread == 0 || nread >= s.max_size())
      is.setstate(std::ios_base::failbit);

   return is;
}

template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator>
inline std::basic_istream<CharT, Traits>&
getline(std::basic_istream<CharT, Traits>& is, basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>& s)
{
   return getline(is, s, '\n');
}

template <class Ch, class Allocator>
inline std::size_t hash_value(basic_string<Ch, std::char_traits<Ch>, Allocator> const& v)
{
   return hash_range(v.begin(), v.end());
}

}}

#ifndef BOOST_CONTAINER_DOXYGEN_INVOKED

namespace boost {

//!has_trivial_destructor_after_move<> == true_type
//!specialization for optimizations
template <class C, class T, class Allocator>
struct has_trivial_destructor_after_move<boost::container::basic_string<C, T, Allocator> >
   : public ::boost::has_trivial_destructor_after_move<Allocator>
{};

}

#endif   //#ifndef BOOST_CONTAINER_DOXYGEN_INVOKED

#include <boost/container/detail/config_end.hpp>

#endif // BOOST_CONTAINER_STRING_HPP