...one of the most highly
regarded and expertly designed C++ library projects in the
world.
— Herb Sutter and Andrei
Alexandrescu, C++
Coding Standards
The header file 'boost/algorithm/cxx11/all_of.hpp' contains four variants
of a single algorithm, all_of
.
The algorithm tests all the elements of a sequence and returns true if they
all share a property.
The routine all_of
takes
a sequence and a predicate. It will return true if the predicate returns
true when applied to every element in the sequence.
The routine all_of_equal
takes a sequence and a value. It will return true if every element in the
sequence compares equal to the passed in value.
Both routines come in two forms; the first one takes two iterators to define the range. The second form takes a single range parameter, and uses Boost.Range to traverse it.
The function all_of
returns
true if the predicate returns true for every item in the sequence. There
are two versions; one takes two iterators, and the other takes a range.
namespace boost { namespace algorithm { template<typename InputIterator, typename Predicate> bool all_of ( InputIterator first, InputIterator last, Predicate p ); template<typename Range, typename Predicate> bool all_of ( const Range &r, Predicate p ); }}
The function all_of_equal
is similar to all_of
, but
instead of taking a predicate to test the elements of the sequence, it takes
a value to compare against.
namespace boost { namespace algorithm { template<typename InputIterator, typename V> bool all_of_equal ( InputIterator first, InputIterator last, V const &val ); template<typename Range, typename V> bool all_of_equal ( const Range &r, V const &val ); }}
Given the container c
containing
{ 0, 1,
2, 3, 14, 15 }
,
then
bool isOdd ( int i ) { return i % 2 == 1; } bool lessThan10 ( int i ) { return i < 10; } using boost::algorithm; all_of ( c, isOdd ) --> false all_of ( c.begin (), c.end (), lessThan10 ) --> false all_of ( c.begin (), c.begin () + 3, lessThan10 ) --> true all_of ( c.end (), c.end (), isOdd ) --> true // empty range all_of_equal ( c, 3 ) --> false all_of_equal ( c.begin () + 3, c.begin () + 4, 3 ) --> true all_of_equal ( c.begin (), c.begin (), 99 ) --> true // empty range
all_of
and all_of_equal
work on all iterators except
output iterators.
All of the variants of all_of
and all_of_equal
run in
O(N) (linear) time; that is, they compare against each
element in the list once. If any of the comparisons fail, the algorithm will
terminate immediately, without examining the remaining members of the sequence.
All of the variants of all_of
and all_of_equal
take their
parameters by value or const reference, and do not depend upon any global
state. Therefore, all the routines in this file provide the strong exception
guarantee.
all_of
is
part of the C++11 standard. When compiled using a C++11 implementation,
the implementation from the standard library will be used.
all_of
and all_of_equal
both return true for empty
ranges, no matter what is passed to test against. When there are no items
in the sequence to test, they all satisfy the condition to be tested
against.
all_of_value
is a template parameter, rather than deduced from the first parameter
(std::iterator_traits<InputIterator>::value_type
) because that allows more
flexibility for callers, and takes advantage of built-in comparisons
for the type that is pointed to by the iterator. The function is defined
to return true if, for all elements in the sequence, the expression
*iter
== val
evaluates to true (where iter
is an iterator to each element in the sequence)