Boost C++ Libraries of the most highly regarded and expertly designed C++ library projects in the world. Herb Sutter and Andrei Alexandrescu, C++ Coding Standards

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Prefer offline compiled libraries to the inline included components

If you are just want to write quick simple test in environment where you never used Boost.Test before - yes, use included components. But if you plan to use Boost.Test on permanent basis, small investment of time needed to build (if not build yet), install and change you makefiles/project settings will soon return to you in a form of shorter compilation time. Why do you need to make your compiler do the same work over and over again?

If you use only free function based test cases advance to the automatic registration facility

It's really easy to switch to automatic registration. And you don't need to worry about forgotten test cases.

To find location of first error reported by test tool within reused template function, use special hook within framework headers

In some cases you are reusing the same template based code from within one test case (actually we recommend better solution in such case - see below). Now if an error gets reported by the test tool within that reused code you may have difficulty locating were exactly error occurred. To address this issue you could either a add BOOST_TEST_MESSAGE statements in templated code that log current type id of template parameters or you can use special hook located in unit_test_result.hpp called first_failed_assertion(). If you set a breakpoint right on the line where this function is defined you will be able to unroll the stack and see where error actually occurred.

To test reusable template base component with different template parameter use test case template facility

If you writing unit test for generic reusable component you may have a need to test it against set of different template parameter types . Most probably you will end up with a code like this:

template<typename TestType>
void specific_type_test( TestType* = 0 )
  MyComponent<TestType> c;
  // ... here we perform actual testing

void my_component_test()
  specific_type_test( (int*)0 );
  specific_type_test( (float*)0 );
  specific_type_test( (UDT*)0 );
  // ... 

This is namely the situation where you would use test case template facility. It not only simplifies this kind of unit testing by automating some of the work, in addition every argument type gets tested separately under unit test monitor. As a result if one of types produce exception or non-fatal error you may still continue and get results from testing with other types.