Jambase is a base set of Jam/MR rules which provide roughly make(1)-like functionality for jam, the Jam/MR executable program. This document, which started out as the Jambase(5) man page, is a reference guide to the rules, pseudotargets, and variables defined in Jambase for use in Jamfiles.
For further information see:
Jam/MR documentation and source are available from the Perforce Public Depot. For detailed information about any of the rules summarized below, see the Jambase file itself.
As obj.o : source.s ;
Assemble the file source.s. Called by the Object rule.Bulk directory : sources ;
Copies sources into directory.Cc object : source ;
Compile the file source into object, using the C compiler $(CC), its flags $(CCFLAGS) and $(OPTIM), and the header file directories $(HDRS). Called by the Object rule.C++ obj.o : source.cc ;
Compile the C++ source file source.cc. Called by the Object rule.Chmod target ;
(Unix and VMS only.) Change file permissions on target to target-specific $(MODE) value set by Link, File, Install*, and Shell rules.Clean clean : targets ;
Removes existing targets when clean is built. clean is not a dependency of all, and must be built explicitly for targets to be removed.FDefines defines ;
Expands a list of definitions into a list of compiler (or preprocessor) switches (such as -Dsymbol=val on Unix) to pass the definitions.File target : source ;
Copies source into target.FIncludes dirs ;
Expands a list of directories into a list of compiler (or preprocessor) switches (such as -Idir on Unix) to add the directories to the header inclusion search path.Fortran obj.o : source.f ;
Compile the Fortran source file source.f. Called by the Object rule.FQuote files ;
Returns each of files suitably quoted so as to hide shell metacharacters (such as whitespace and filename matching wildcards) from the shell.
GenFile target : image sources ;
Runs the command "image target sources" to create target from sources and image. (where image is an executable built by the Main rule.)HardLink target : source ;
Makes target a hard link to source, if it isn't one already. (Unix only.)HdrRule source : headers ;
Arranges the proper dependencies when the file source includes the files headers through the "#include" C preprocessor directive.InstallBin dir : sources ;
This rule is not intended to be called explicitly. It is called automatically during header scanning on sources handled by the Object rule (e.g., sources in Main or Library rules).
Copy sources into dir with mode $(EXEMODE).InstallLib dir : sources ;
Copy sources into dir with mode $(FILEMODE).InstallMan dir : sources ;
Copy sources into the appropriate subdirectory of dir with mode $(FILEMODE). The subdirectory is mans, where s is the suffix of each of sources.InstallShell dir : sources ;
Copy sources into dir with mode $(SHELLMODE).Lex source.c : source.l ;
Process the lex(1) source file source.l and rename the lex.yy.c to source.c. Called by the Object rule.Library library : sources ;
Compiles sources and archives them into library. The intermediate objects are deleted. Calls Objects and LibraryFromObjects.LibraryFromObjects library : objects ;
If Library is invoked with no suffix on library, the $(SUFLIB) suffix is used.
Archives objects into library. The objects are then deleted.Link image : objects ;
If library has no suffix, the $(SUFLIB) suffix is used.
Links image from objects and sets permissions on image to $(EXEMODE). Image must be actual filename; suffix is not supplied. Called by Main.LinkLibraries image : libraries ;
Makes image depend on libraries and includes them during the linking.Main image : sources ;
Image may be referenced without a suffix in this rule invocation; LinkLibraries supplies the suffix.
Compiles sources and links them into image. Calls Objects and MainFromObjects.MainFromObjects image : objects ;
Image may be referenced without a suffix in this rule invocation; Main supplies the suffix.
Links objects into image. Dependency of exe. MainFromObjects supplies the suffix on image filename.MakeLocate target : dir ;
Creates dir and causes target to be built into dir.MkDir dir ;
Creates dir and its parent directories.Object object : source ;
Compiles a single source file source into object. The Main and Library rules use this rule to compile source files.ObjectC++Flags source : flags ;
Causes source to be scanned for "#include" directives and calls HdrRule to make all included files dependedencies of object.
Calls one of the following rules to do the actual compiling, depending on the suffix of source:*.c: Cc *.cc: C++ *.cpp: C++ *.C: C++ *.l: Lex *.y: Yacc *.*: UserObject
Add flags to the source-specific value of $(CCFLAGS) or $(C++FLAGS) when compiling source. Any file suffix on source is ignored.ObjectDefines object : defines ;
Adds preprocessor symbol definitions to the (gristed) target-specific $(CCDEFS) for the object.ObjectHdrs source : dirs ;
Add dirs to the source-specific value of $(HDRS) when scanning and compiling source. Any file suffix on source is ignored.Objects sources ;
For each source file in sources, calls Object to compile the source file into a similarly named object file.RmTemps targets : sources ;
Marks sources as temporary with the TEMPORARY rule, and deletes sources once targets are built. Must be the last rule invoked on targets. Used internally by LibraryFromObjects rule.Setuid images ;
Sets the setuid bit on each of images after linking. (Unix only.)SoftLink target : source ;
Makes target a symbolic link to source, if it isn't one already. (Unix only.)SubDir VAR d1 ... dn ;
Sets up housekeeping for the source files located inSubDirC++Flags flags ;
- Reads in rules file associated with VAR, if it hasn't already been read.
- Initializes variables for search paths, output directories, compiler flags, and grist, using d1 ... dn tokens.
VAR is the name of a variable; d1 thru dn are elements of a directory path.
Adds flags to the compiler flags for source files in SubDir's directory.SubDirHdrs d1 ... dn ;
Adds the path d1/.../dn/ to the header search paths for source files in SubDir's directory. d1 through dn are elements of a directory path.SubInclude VAR d1 ... dn ;
Reads the Jamfile inShell image : source ;
Copies source into the executable sh(1) script image. Ensures that the first line of the script is $(SHELLHEADER) (default #!/bin/sh).Undefines images : symbols ;
Adds flags to mark symbols as undefined on link command for images. Images may be referenced unsuffixed; the Undefines rule supplies the suffix.UserObject object : source ;
This rule is called by Object for source files with unknown suffixes, and should be defined in Jamrules with a user-provided rule to handle the source file types not handled by the Object rule. The Jambase UserObject rule merely issues a complaint when it encounters source with files suffixes it does not recognize.Yacc source.c : source.y ;
Process the yacc(1) file source.y and renamed the resulting y.tab.c and y.tab.h to source.c. Produces a y.tab.h and renames it to source.h. Called by the Object rule.
There are two kinds of Jam targets: file targets and pseudotargets. File targets are objects that can be found in the filesystem. Pseudotargets are symbolic, and usually represent other targets. Most Jambase rules that define file targets also define pseudotargets which are dependent on types of file targets. The Jambase pseudotargets are:
|exe||Executables linked by the Main or MainFromObjects rules|
|lib||Libraries created by the Library or LibraryFromObjects rules|
|obj||Compiled objects used to create Main or Library targets|
|dirs||Directories where target files are written|
|file||Files copied by File and Bulk rules|
|shell||Files copied by Shell rule|
|clean||Removal of built targets (except files copied by Install* rules)|
|install||Files copied by Install* rules|
|uninstall||Removal of targets copied by Install* rules|
In addition, Jambase makes the jam default target "all" depend on "exe", "lib", "obj", "files", and "shell".
Most of the following variables have default values for each platform; refer to the Jambase file to see what those defaults are.
Alternative location of built targets. By default, Jambase rules locate built targets in the source tree. By setting $(ALL_LOCATE_TARGET) in Jamrules, you can cause jam to write built targets to a location outside the source tree.AR
The archive command used to update Library and LibraryFromObjects targets.AS
The assembler for As rule targets.ASFLAGS
Flags handed to the assembler for As.AWK
The name of awk interpreter, used when copying a shell script for the Shell rule.BCCROOT
Selects Borland compile and link actions on NT.BINDIR
Not longer used. (I.e., used only for backward compatibility with the obsolete INSTALLBIN rule.)CC
C compiler used for Cc rule targets.CCFLAGS
Compile flags for Cc rule targets. The Cc rule sets target-specific $(CCFLAGS) values on its targets.C++
C++ compiler used for C++ rule targets.C++FLAGS
Compile flags for C++ rule targets. The C++ rule sets target-specific $(C++FLAGS) values on its targets.CHMOD
Program (usually chmod(1)) used to set file permissions for Chmod rule.CP
The file copy program, used by File and Install* rules.CRELIB
If set, causes the Library rule to invoke the CreLib rule on the target library before attempting to archive any members, so that the library can be created if needed.CW
On Macintosh, the root of the Code Warrior Pro 5 directory.DEFINES
Preprocessor symbol definitions for Cc and C++ rule targets. The Cc and C++ rules set target-specific $(CCDEFS) values on their targets, based on $(DEFINES). (The "indirection" here is required to support compilers, like VMS, with baroque command line syntax for setting symbols).DOT
The operating system-specific name for the current directory.DOTDOT
The operating system-specific name for the parent directory.EXEMODE
Permissions for executables linked with Link, Main, and MainFromObjects, on platforms with a Chmod action.FILEMODE
Permissions for files copied by File or Bulk, on platforms with a Chmod action.FORTRAN
The Fortran compiler used by Fortran rule.FORTRANFLAGS
Fortran compiler flags for Fortran rule targets.GROUP
(Unix only.) The group owner for Install* rule targets.HDRGRIST
If set, used by the HdrRule to distinguish header files with the same name in diffrent directories.HDRPATTERN
A regular expression pattern that matches C preprocessor "#include" directives in source files and returns the name of the included file.HDRRULE
Name of the rule to invoke with the results of header file scanning. Default is "HdrRule".HDRS
This is a jam-special variable. If both HDRRULE and HDRSCAN are set on a target, that target will be scanned for lines matching $(HDRSCAN), and $(HDDRULE) will be invoked on included files found in the matching $(HDRSCAN) lines.
Directories to be searched for header files. This is used by the Object rule to:HDRSCAN
- set up search paths for finding files returned by header scans
- add -I flags on compile commands
Regular expression pattern to use for header file scanning. The Object rule sets this to $(HDRPATTERN). This is a jam-special variable; see HDRRULE.HDRSEARCH
Used by the HdrRule to fix the list of directories where header files can be found for a given source file.INSTALLGRIST
Used by the Install* rules to grist paths to installed files; defaults to "installed".JAMFILE
Default is "Jamfile"; the name of the user-written rules file found in each source directory.JAMRULES
Default is "Jamrules"; the name of a rule definition file to be read in at the first SubDir rule invocation.KEEPOBJS
If set, tells the LibraryFromObjects rule not to delete object files once they are archived.LEX
The lex(1) command and flags.LIBDIR
Not longer used. (I.e., used only for backward compatibility with the obsolete INSTALLLIB rule.)LINK
The linker. Defaults to $(CC).LINKFLAGS
Flags handed to the linker. Defaults to $(CCFLAGS).LINKLIBS
List of external libraries to link with. The target image does not depend on these libraries.LN
The hard link command for HardLink rule.LOCATE_SOURCE
Used to set the location of generated source files. The Yacc, Lex, and GenFile rules set LOCATE on their targets to $(LOCATE_SOURCE). $(LOCATE_SOURCE) is initialized by the SubDir rule to the source directory itself. (Also, see ALL_LOCATE_TARGET.)LOCATE_TARGET
Used to set the location of built binary targets. The Object rule, and hence the Main and Library rules, set LOCATE on their targets to $(LOCATE_TARGET). $(LOCATE_TARGET) is initialized by the SubDir rule to the source directory itself. (See ALL_LOCATE_TARGET.)MANDIR
Not longer used. (I.e., used only for backward compatibility with the obsolete INSTALLMAN rule.)MKDIR
The 'create directory' command used for the MkDir rule.MODE
The target-specific file mode (permissions) for targets of the Shell, Setuid, Link, and Install* rules. Used by the Chmod action; hence relevant to NT and VMS only.MSVC
Selects Microsoft Visual C 16-bit compile & link actions on NT.MSVCNT
Selects Microsoft Visual C NT compile & link actions on NT.MV
The file rename command and options.NEEDLIBS
The list of libraries used when linking an executable. Used by the Link rule.NOARSCAN
If set, indicates that library members' timestamps can't be found, and prevents the individual objects from being deleted, so that their timestamps can be used instead.NOARUPDATE
If set, indicates that libraries can't be updated, but only created whole.OPTIM
The C compiler flag for optimization, used by Cc and C++ rules.OSFULL
The concatenation of $(OS)$(OSVER)$(OSPLAT), used when jam builds itself to determine the target binary directory. $(OS) and $(OSPLAT) are determined by jam at its compile time (in jam.h). $(OSVER) can optionally be set by the user.OWNER
The owner of installed files. Used by Install* rules.RANLIB
The name of the ranlib command. If set, causes the Ranlib action to be applied after the Archive action to targets of the Library rule.RELOCATE
If set, tells the Cc rule to move the output object file to its target directory because the cc command has a broken -o option.RM
The command and options to remove a file.SEARCH_SOURCE
The directory to find sources listed with Main, Library, Object, Bulk, File, Shell, InstallBin, InstallLib, and InstallMan rules. This works by setting the jam-special variable SEARCH to the value of $(SEARCH_SOURCE) for each of the rules' sources. The SubDir rule initializes SEARCH_SOURCE for each directory.SHELLHEADER
A string inserted to the first line of every file created by the Shell rule.SHELLMODE
Permissions for files installed by Shell rule.SOURCE_GRIST
Set by the SubDir to a value derived from the directory name, and used by Objects and related rules as 'grist' to perturb file names.STDHDRS
Directories where headers can be found without resorting to using the flag to the C compiler. The $(STDHDRS) directories are used to find headers during scanning, but are not passed to the compiler commands as -I paths.SUBDIR
The path from the current directory to the directory last named by the SubDir rule.TOP
The path from the current directory to the directory that has the Jamrules file. Used by the SubDir rule.SUFEXE
The suffix for executable files, if none provided. Used by the Main rule.SUFLIB
The suffix for libraries. Used by the Library and related rules.SUFOBJ
The suffix for object files. Used by the Objects and related rules.UNDEFFLAG
The flag prefixed to each symbol for the Undefines rule (i.e., the compiler flag for undefined symbols).WATCOM
Selects Watcom compile and link actions on OS2.YACC
The yacc(1) command.YACCFILES
The base filename generated by yacc(1).YACCFLAGS
The yacc(1) command flags.YACCGEN
The suffix used on generated yacc(1) output.
Copyright 1993-2002 Christopher Seiwald and Perforce Software, Inc.
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Last updated: Dec 31, 2000
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