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boost/range/adaptor/indexed.hpp

//  Copyright 2014 Neil Groves
//
//  Copyright (c) 2010 Ilya Murav'jov
// 
//  Use, modification and distribution is subject to the Boost Software License,
//  Version 1.0. (See accompanying file LICENSE_1_0.txt or copy at
//  http://www.boost.org/LICENSE_1_0.txt)
//
// Credits:
//  My (Neil's) first indexed adaptor was hindered by having the underlying
//  iterator return the same reference as the wrapped iterator. This meant that
//  to obtain the index one had to get to the index_iterator and call the
//  index() function on it. Ilya politely pointed out that this was useless in
//  a number of scenarios since one naturally hides the use of iterators in
//  good range-based code. Ilya provided a new interface (which has remained)
//  and a first implementation. Much of this original implementation has
//  been simplified and now supports more compilers and platforms.
//
#ifndef BOOST_RANGE_ADAPTOR_INDEXED_HPP_INCLUDED
#define BOOST_RANGE_ADAPTOR_INDEXED_HPP_INCLUDED

#include <boost/range/config.hpp>
#include <boost/range/adaptor/argument_fwd.hpp>
#include <boost/range/iterator_range.hpp>
#include <boost/range/traversal.hpp>
#include <boost/range/size.hpp>
#include <boost/range/begin.hpp>
#include <boost/range/end.hpp>
#include <boost/mpl/if.hpp>
#include <boost/type_traits/is_convertible.hpp>

#include <boost/iterator/iterator_traits.hpp>
#include <boost/iterator/iterator_facade.hpp>

#include <boost/tuple/tuple.hpp>

namespace boost
{
    namespace adaptors
    {

struct indexed
{
    explicit indexed(std::ptrdiff_t x = 0)
        : val(x)
    {
    }
    std::ptrdiff_t val;
};

    } // namespace adaptors

    namespace range
    {

// Why yet another "pair" class:
// - std::pair can't store references
// - no need for typing for index type (default to "std::ptrdiff_t"); this is
// useful in BOOST_FOREACH() expressions that have pitfalls with commas
//   ( see http://www.boost.org/doc/libs/1_44_0/doc/html/foreach/pitfalls.html )
// - meaningful access functions index(), value()
template<class T, class Indexable = std::ptrdiff_t>
class index_value
    : public tuple<Indexable, T>
{
    typedef tuple<Indexable, T> base_t;

    template<int N>
    struct iv_types
    {
        typedef typename tuples::element<N, base_t>::type n_type;

        typedef typename tuples::access_traits<n_type>::non_const_type non_const_type;
        typedef typename tuples::access_traits<n_type>::const_type const_type;
    };

public:
    typedef typename iv_types<0>::non_const_type index_type;
    typedef typename iv_types<0>::const_type const_index_type;
    typedef typename iv_types<1>::non_const_type value_type;
    typedef typename iv_types<1>::const_type const_value_type;

    index_value()
    {
    }

    index_value(typename tuples::access_traits<Indexable>::parameter_type t0,
                typename tuples::access_traits<T>::parameter_type t1)
        : base_t(t0, t1)
    {
    }

    // member functions index(), value() (non-const and const)
    index_type index()
    {
        return boost::tuples::get<0>(*this);
    }

    const_index_type index() const
    {
        return boost::tuples::get<0>(*this);
    }

    value_type value()
    {
        return boost::tuples::get<1>(*this);
    }

    const_value_type value() const
    {
        return boost::tuples::get<1>(*this);
    }
};

    } // namespace range

namespace range_detail
{

template<typename Iter>
struct indexed_iterator_value_type
{
    typedef ::boost::range::index_value<
        typename iterator_reference<Iter>::type,
        typename iterator_difference<Iter>::type
    > type;
};

// Meta-function to get the traversal for the range and therefore iterator
// returned by the indexed adaptor for a specified iterator type.
//
// Random access -> Random access
// Bidirectional -> Forward
// Forward -> Forward
// SinglePass -> SinglePass
//
// The rationale for demoting a Bidirectional input to Forward is that the end
// iterator cannot cheaply have an index computed for it. Therefore I chose to
// demote to forward traversal. I can maintain the ability to traverse randomly
// when the input is Random Access since the index for the end iterator is cheap
// to compute.
template<typename Iter>
struct indexed_traversal
{
private:
    typedef typename iterator_traversal<Iter>::type wrapped_traversal;

public:

    typedef typename mpl::if_<
        is_convertible<wrapped_traversal, random_access_traversal_tag>,
        random_access_traversal_tag,
        typename mpl::if_<
            is_convertible<wrapped_traversal, bidirectional_traversal_tag>,
            forward_traversal_tag,
            wrapped_traversal
        >::type
    >::type type;
};

template<typename Iter>
class indexed_iterator
    : public iterator_facade<
            indexed_iterator<Iter>,
            typename indexed_iterator_value_type<Iter>::type,
            typename indexed_traversal<Iter>::type,
            typename indexed_iterator_value_type<Iter>::type,
            typename iterator_difference<Iter>::type
        >
{
public:
    typedef Iter wrapped;

private:
    typedef iterator_facade<
        indexed_iterator<wrapped>,
        typename indexed_iterator_value_type<wrapped>::type,
        typename indexed_traversal<wrapped>::type,
        typename indexed_iterator_value_type<wrapped>::type,
        typename iterator_difference<wrapped>::type
    > base_t;

public:
    typedef typename base_t::difference_type difference_type;
    typedef typename base_t::reference reference;
    typedef typename base_t::difference_type index_type;

    indexed_iterator()
        : m_it()
        , m_index()
    {
    }

    template<typename OtherWrapped>
    indexed_iterator(
        const indexed_iterator<OtherWrapped>& other,
        typename enable_if<is_convertible<OtherWrapped, wrapped> >::type* = 0
    )
        : m_it(other.get())
        , m_index(other.get_index())
    {
    }

    explicit indexed_iterator(wrapped it, index_type index)
        : m_it(it)
        , m_index(index)
    {
    }

    wrapped get() const
    {
        return m_it;
    }

    index_type get_index() const
    {
        return m_index;
    }

 private:
    friend class boost::iterator_core_access;

    reference dereference() const
    {
        return reference(m_index, *m_it);
    }

    bool equal(const indexed_iterator& other) const
    {
        return m_it == other.m_it;
    }

    void increment()
    {
        ++m_index;
        ++m_it;
    }

    void decrement()
    {
        BOOST_ASSERT_MSG(m_index > 0, "indexed Iterator out of bounds");
        --m_index;
        --m_it;
    }

    void advance(index_type n)
    {
        m_index += n;
        BOOST_ASSERT_MSG(m_index >= 0, "indexed Iterator out of bounds");
        m_it += n;
    }

    difference_type distance_to(const indexed_iterator& other) const
    {
        return other.m_it - m_it;
    }

    wrapped m_it;
    index_type m_index;
};

template<typename SinglePassRange>
struct indexed_range
    : iterator_range<
        indexed_iterator<
            typename range_iterator<SinglePassRange>::type
        >
    >
{
    typedef iterator_range<
        indexed_iterator<
            typename range_iterator<SinglePassRange>::type
        >
    > base_t;

    BOOST_RANGE_CONCEPT_ASSERT((
        boost::SinglePassRangeConcept<SinglePassRange>));
public:
    typedef indexed_iterator<
        typename range_iterator<SinglePassRange>::type
    > iterator;

    // Constructor for non-random access iterators.
    // This sets the end iterator index to i despite this being incorrect it
    // is never observable since bidirectional iterators are demoted to
    // forward iterators.
    indexed_range(
        typename base_t::difference_type i,
        SinglePassRange& r,
        single_pass_traversal_tag
        )
        : base_t(iterator(boost::begin(r), i),
                 iterator(boost::end(r), i))
    {
    }

    indexed_range(
        typename base_t::difference_type i,
        SinglePassRange& r,
        random_access_traversal_tag
        )
        : base_t(iterator(boost::begin(r), i),
                 iterator(boost::end(r), i + boost::size(r)))
    {
    }
};

    } // namespace range_detail 

    using range_detail::indexed_range;

    namespace adaptors
    {

template<class SinglePassRange>
inline indexed_range<SinglePassRange>
operator|(SinglePassRange& r, indexed e)
{
    BOOST_RANGE_CONCEPT_ASSERT((
        boost::SinglePassRangeConcept<SinglePassRange>
    ));
    return indexed_range<SinglePassRange>(
                e.val, r,
                typename range_traversal<SinglePassRange>::type());
}

template<class SinglePassRange>
inline indexed_range<const SinglePassRange>
operator|(const SinglePassRange& r, indexed e)
{
    BOOST_RANGE_CONCEPT_ASSERT((
        boost::SinglePassRangeConcept<const SinglePassRange>
    ));
    return indexed_range<const SinglePassRange>(
                e.val, r,
                typename range_traversal<const SinglePassRange>::type());
}

template<class SinglePassRange>
inline indexed_range<SinglePassRange>
index(
    SinglePassRange& rng,
    typename range_difference<SinglePassRange>::type index_value = 0)
{
    BOOST_RANGE_CONCEPT_ASSERT((
        boost::SinglePassRangeConcept<SinglePassRange>
    ));
    return indexed_range<SinglePassRange>(
                index_value, rng,
                typename range_traversal<SinglePassRange>::type());
}

template<class SinglePassRange>
inline indexed_range<const SinglePassRange>
index(
    const SinglePassRange& rng,
    typename range_difference<const SinglePassRange>::type index_value = 0)
{
    BOOST_RANGE_CONCEPT_ASSERT((
        boost::SinglePassRangeConcept<SinglePassRange>
    ));
    return indexed_range<const SinglePassRange>(
                index_value, rng,
                typename range_traversal<const SinglePassRange>::type());
}

    } // namespace adaptors
} // namespace boost

#endif // include guard