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libs/beast/example/http/client/async-ssl/http_client_async_ssl.cpp

//
// Copyright (c) 2016-2017 Vinnie Falco (vinnie dot falco at gmail dot com)
//
// Distributed under the Boost Software License, Version 1.0. (See accompanying
// file LICENSE_1_0.txt or copy at http://www.boost.org/LICENSE_1_0.txt)
//
// Official repository: https://github.com/boostorg/beast
//

//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//
// Example: HTTP SSL client, asynchronous
//
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------

#include "example/common/root_certificates.hpp"

#include <boost/beast/core.hpp>
#include <boost/beast/http.hpp>
#include <boost/beast/version.hpp>
#include <boost/asio/connect.hpp>
#include <boost/asio/ip/tcp.hpp>
#include <boost/asio/ssl/error.hpp>
#include <boost/asio/ssl/stream.hpp>
#include <cstdlib>
#include <functional>
#include <iostream>
#include <memory>
#include <string>

using tcp = boost::asio::ip::tcp;       // from <boost/asio/ip/tcp.hpp>
namespace ssl = boost::asio::ssl;       // from <boost/asio/ssl.hpp>
namespace http = boost::beast::http;    // from <boost/beast/http.hpp>

//------------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Report a failure
void
fail(boost::system::error_code ec, char const* what)
{
    std::cerr << what << ": " << ec.message() << "\n";
}

// Performs an HTTP GET and prints the response
class session : public std::enable_shared_from_this<session>
{
    tcp::resolver resolver_;
    ssl::stream<tcp::socket> stream_;
    boost::beast::flat_buffer buffer_; // (Must persist between reads)
    http::request<http::empty_body> req_;
    http::response<http::string_body> res_;

public:
    // Resolver and stream require an io_context
    explicit
    session(boost::asio::io_context& ioc, ssl::context& ctx)
        : resolver_(ioc)
        , stream_(ioc, ctx)
    {
    }

    // Start the asynchronous operation
    void
    run(
        char const* host,
        char const* port,
        char const* target,
        int version)
    {
        // Set SNI Hostname (many hosts need this to handshake successfully)
        if(! SSL_set_tlsext_host_name(stream_.native_handle(), host))
        {
            boost::system::error_code ec{static_cast<int>(::ERR_get_error()), boost::asio::error::get_ssl_category()};
            std::cerr << ec.message() << "\n";
            return;
        }

        // Set up an HTTP GET request message
        req_.version(version);
        req_.method(http::verb::get);
        req_.target(target);
        req_.set(http::field::host, host);
        req_.set(http::field::user_agent, BOOST_BEAST_VERSION_STRING);

        // Look up the domain name
        resolver_.async_resolve(
            host,
            port,
            std::bind(
                &session::on_resolve,
                shared_from_this(),
                std::placeholders::_1,
                std::placeholders::_2));
    }

    void
    on_resolve(
        boost::system::error_code ec,
        tcp::resolver::results_type results)
    {
        if(ec)
            return fail(ec, "resolve");

        // Make the connection on the IP address we get from a lookup
        boost::asio::async_connect(
            stream_.next_layer(),
            results.begin(),
            results.end(),
            std::bind(
                &session::on_connect,
                shared_from_this(),
                std::placeholders::_1));
    }

    void
    on_connect(boost::system::error_code ec)
    {
        if(ec)
            return fail(ec, "connect");

        // Perform the SSL handshake
        stream_.async_handshake(
            ssl::stream_base::client,
            std::bind(
                &session::on_handshake,
                shared_from_this(),
                std::placeholders::_1));
    }

    void
    on_handshake(boost::system::error_code ec)
    {
        if(ec)
            return fail(ec, "handshake");

        // Send the HTTP request to the remote host
        http::async_write(stream_, req_,
            std::bind(
                &session::on_write,
                shared_from_this(),
                std::placeholders::_1,
                std::placeholders::_2));
    }

    void
    on_write(
        boost::system::error_code ec,
        std::size_t bytes_transferred)
    {
        boost::ignore_unused(bytes_transferred);

        if(ec)
            return fail(ec, "write");
        
        // Receive the HTTP response
        http::async_read(stream_, buffer_, res_,
            std::bind(
                &session::on_read,
                shared_from_this(),
                std::placeholders::_1,
                std::placeholders::_2));
    }

    void
    on_read(
        boost::system::error_code ec,
        std::size_t bytes_transferred)
    {
        boost::ignore_unused(bytes_transferred);

        if(ec)
            return fail(ec, "read");

        // Write the message to standard out
        std::cout << res_ << std::endl;

        // Gracefully close the stream
        stream_.async_shutdown(
            std::bind(
                &session::on_shutdown,
                shared_from_this(),
                std::placeholders::_1));
    }

    void
    on_shutdown(boost::system::error_code ec)
    {
        if(ec == boost::asio::error::eof)
        {
            // Rationale:
            // http://stackoverflow.com/questions/25587403/boost-asio-ssl-async-shutdown-always-finishes-with-an-error
            ec.assign(0, ec.category());
        }
        if(ec)
            return fail(ec, "shutdown");

        // If we get here then the connection is closed gracefully
    }
};

//------------------------------------------------------------------------------

int main(int argc, char** argv)
{
    // Check command line arguments.
    if(argc != 4 && argc != 5)
    {
        std::cerr <<
            "Usage: http-client-async-ssl <host> <port> <target> [<HTTP version: 1.0 or 1.1(default)>]\n" <<
            "Example:\n" <<
            "    http-client-async-ssl www.example.com 443 /\n" <<
            "    http-client-async-ssl www.example.com 443 / 1.0\n";
        return EXIT_FAILURE;
    }
    auto const host = argv[1];
    auto const port = argv[2];
    auto const target = argv[3];
    int version = argc == 5 && !std::strcmp("1.0", argv[4]) ? 10 : 11;

    // The io_context is required for all I/O
    boost::asio::io_context ioc;

    // The SSL context is required, and holds certificates
    ssl::context ctx{ssl::context::sslv23_client};

    // This holds the root certificate used for verification
    load_root_certificates(ctx);
    
    // Verify the remote server's certificate
    ctx.set_verify_mode(ssl::verify_peer);

    // Launch the asynchronous operation
    std::make_shared<session>(ioc, ctx)->run(host, port, target, version);

    // Run the I/O service. The call will return when
    // the get operation is complete.
    ioc.run();

    return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}