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libs/spirit/example/qi/compiler_tutorial/calc3.cpp

/*=============================================================================
    Copyright (c) 2001-2011 Joel de Guzman

    Distributed under the Boost Software License, Version 1.0. (See accompanying
    file LICENSE_1_0.txt or copy at http://www.boost.org/LICENSE_1_0.txt)
=============================================================================*/
///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
//  A calculator example demonstrating the grammar and semantic actions
//  using phoenix to do the actual expression evaluation. The parser is
//  essentially an "interpreter" that evaluates expressions on the fly.
//
//  [ JDG June 29, 2002 ]   spirit1
//  [ JDG March 5, 2007 ]   spirit2
//
///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

// Spirit v2.5 allows you to suppress automatic generation
// of predefined terminals to speed up complation. With
// BOOST_SPIRIT_NO_PREDEFINED_TERMINALS defined, you are
// responsible in creating instances of the terminals that
// you need (e.g. see qi::uint_type uint_ below).
#define BOOST_SPIRIT_NO_PREDEFINED_TERMINALS

#include <boost/config/warning_disable.hpp>
#include <boost/spirit/include/qi.hpp>
#include <boost/spirit/include/phoenix_operator.hpp>

#include <iostream>
#include <string>

namespace client
{
    namespace qi = boost::spirit::qi;
    namespace ascii = boost::spirit::ascii;

    ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
    //  Our calculator grammar
    ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
    template <typename Iterator>
    struct calculator : qi::grammar<Iterator, int(), ascii::space_type>
    {
        calculator() : calculator::base_type(expression)
        {
            qi::_val_type _val;
            qi::_1_type _1;
            qi::uint_type uint_;

            expression =
                term                            [_val = _1]
                >> *(   ('+' >> term            [_val += _1])
                    |   ('-' >> term            [_val -= _1])
                    )
                ;

            term =
                factor                          [_val = _1]
                >> *(   ('*' >> factor          [_val *= _1])
                    |   ('/' >> factor          [_val /= _1])
                    )
                ;

            factor =
                uint_                           [_val = _1]
                |   '(' >> expression           [_val = _1] >> ')'
                |   ('-' >> factor              [_val = -_1])
                |   ('+' >> factor              [_val = _1])
                ;
        }

        qi::rule<Iterator, int(), ascii::space_type> expression, term, factor;
    };
}

///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  Main program
///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
int
main()
{
    std::cout << "/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////\n\n";
    std::cout << "Expression parser...\n\n";
    std::cout << "/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////\n\n";
    std::cout << "Type an expression...or [q or Q] to quit\n\n";

    typedef std::string::const_iterator iterator_type;
    typedef client::calculator<iterator_type> calculator;

    boost::spirit::ascii::space_type space; // Our skipper
    calculator calc; // Our grammar

    std::string str;
    int result;
    while (std::getline(std::cin, str))
    {
        if (str.empty() || str[0] == 'q' || str[0] == 'Q')
            break;

        std::string::const_iterator iter = str.begin();
        std::string::const_iterator end = str.end();
        bool r = phrase_parse(iter, end, calc, space, result);

        if (r && iter == end)
        {
            std::cout << "-------------------------\n";
            std::cout << "Parsing succeeded\n";
            std::cout << "result = " << result << std::endl;
            std::cout << "-------------------------\n";
        }
        else
        {
            std::string rest(iter, end);
            std::cout << "-------------------------\n";
            std::cout << "Parsing failed\n";
            std::cout << "stopped at: \" " << rest << "\"\n";
            std::cout << "-------------------------\n";
        }
    }

    std::cout << "Bye... :-) \n\n";
    return 0;
}