Boost C++ Libraries

...one of the most highly regarded and expertly designed C++ library projects in the world. Herb Sutter and Andrei Alexandrescu, C++ Coding Standards

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Overview

Boost.JSON is a portable C++ library which provides containers and algorithms that implement JavaScript Object Notation, or simply "JSON", a lightweight data-interchange format. This format is easy for humans to read and write, and easy for machines to parse and generate. It is based on a subset of the JavaScript Programming Language (Standard ECMA-262), and is currently standardised in RFC 8259. JSON is a text format that is language-independent but uses conventions that are familiar to programmers of the C-family of languages, including C, C++, C#, Java, JavaScript, Perl, Python, and many others. These properties make JSON an ideal data-interchange language.

This library focuses on a common and popular use-case: parsing and serializing to and from a container called value which holds JSON types. Any value which you build can be serialized and then deserialized, guaranteeing that the result will be equal to the original value. Whatever JSON output you produce with this library will be readable by most common JSON implementations in any language.

The value container is designed to be well suited as a vocabulary type appropriate for use in public interfaces and libraries, allowing them to be composed. The library restricts the representable data types to the ranges which are almost universally accepted by most JSON implementations, especially JavaScript. The parser and serializer are both highly performant, meeting or exceeding the benchmark performance of the best comparable libraries. Allocators are very well supported. Code which uses these types will be easy to understand, flexible, and performant.

Boost.JSON offers these features:

  • Requires only C++11
  • Link to a built static or dynamic Boost library (build instructions can be found here), or use header-only (see below)
  • Additional link to Boost.Container may be required (as described in its documentation)
  • Supports -fno-exceptions, detected automatically (but read the relevant section on this page).

The library relies heavily on these well known C++ types in its interfaces (henceforth termed standard types):

Header-Only

To use as header-only; that is, to eliminate the requirement to link a program to a static or dynamic Boost.JSON library, simply place the following line in exactly one new or existing source file in your project.

#include <boost/json/src.hpp>

MSVC users must also define the macro BOOST_JSON_NO_LIB to disable auto-linking.

Disabling Exceptions

In order to support building with exceptions disabled this library uses another Boost library, Boost.ThrowException. This allows to automatically discover whether exception support is available. On the other hand, as explained in Boost.ThrowException's documentation, if exceptions are disabled, the users need to provide their own implementation for boost::throw_exception, in order to link their binaries successfully. Here's a very simple example of such implementation:

void throw_exception( const std::exception&, const boost::source_location& )
{
    std::printf("Exceptions are not supported!");
    std::abort();
}
Embedded

Boost.JSON works great on embedded devices. The library uses local stack buffers to increase the performance of some operations. On Intel platforms these buffers are large (4KB), while on non-Intel platforms they are small (256 bytes). To adjust the size of the stack buffers for embedded applications define this macro when building the library or including the function definitions:

#define BOOST_JSON_STACK_BUFFER_SIZE 1024
#include <boost/json/src.hpp>
Supported Compilers

Boost.JSON has been tested with the following compilers:

  • clang: 3.5, 3.6, 3.7, 3.8, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14
  • gcc: 4.8, 4.9, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
  • msvc: 14.0, 14.1, 14.2, 14.3
Supported JSON Text

The library expects input text to be encoded using UTF-8, which is a requirement put on all JSON exchanged between systems by the RFC. Similarly, the text generated by the library is valid UTF-8.

The RFC does not allow byte order marks (BOM) to appear in JSON text, so the library considers BOM syntax errors.

The library supports several popular JSON extensions. These have to be explicitly enabled.

The development infrastructure for the library includes these per-commit analyses:

  • Coverage reports
  • Benchmark performance comparisons
  • Compilation and tests on Drone.io, Azure Pipelines, Appveyor
  • Fuzzing using clang-llvm and machine learning
Security Review (Bishop Fox)

As part of our commitment to producing the very finest C++ libraries that application developers can trust, the C++ Alliance has commissioned Bishop Fox to perform a security audit of the Boost.JSON library. The report is linked here:

C Plus Plus Alliance - Boost JSON Security Assessment 2020 - Assessment Report - 20210317

Credits

This library wouldn't be where it is today without the help of Peter Dimov for design advice and optimization assistance.


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