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C++ Boost


A simple tutorial on Arrays

Let’s start with a simple tutorial to create and modify arrays.

Get the necessary headers for numpy components and set up necessary namespaces:

#include <boost/python/numpy.hpp>
#include <iostream>

namespace p = boost::python;
namespace np = boost::python::numpy;

Initialise the Python runtime, and the numpy module. Failure to call these results in segmentation errors:

int main(int argc, char **argv)

Zero filled n-dimensional arrays can be created using the shape and data-type of the array as a parameter. Here, the shape is 3x3 and the datatype is the built-in float type:

p::tuple shape = p::make_tuple(3, 3);
np::dtype dtype = np::dtype::get_builtin<float>();
np::ndarray a = np::zeros(shape, dtype);

You can also create an empty array like this

np::ndarray b = np::empty(shape,dtype);

Print the original and reshaped array. The array a which is a list is first converted to a string, and each value in the list is extracted using extract< >:

  std::cout << "Original array:\n" << p::extract<char const *>(p::str(a)) << std::endl;

  // Reshape the array into a 1D array
  a = a.reshape(p::make_tuple(9));
  // Print it again.
  std::cout << "Reshaped array:\n" << p::extract<char const *>(p::str(a)) << std::endl;