Boost C++ Libraries

...one of the most highly regarded and expertly designed C++ library projects in the world. Herb Sutter and Andrei Alexandrescu, C++ Coding Standards

This is the documentation for a snapshot of the develop branch, built from commit af7fc550c4.
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async_read (2 of 8 overloads)

Start an asynchronous operation to read a certain amount of data from a stream.

template<
    typename AsyncReadStream,
    typename MutableBufferSequence,
    typename CompletionCondition,
    typename ReadToken = DEFAULT>
DEDUCED async_read(
    AsyncReadStream & s,
    const MutableBufferSequence & buffers,
    CompletionCondition completion_condition,
    ReadToken && token = DEFAULT,
    typename constraint< is_mutable_buffer_sequence< MutableBufferSequence >::value >::type  = 0);

This function is used to asynchronously read a certain number of bytes of data from a stream. It is an initiating function for an asynchronous operation, and always returns immediately. The asynchronous operation will continue until one of the following conditions is true:

Parameters

s

The stream from which the data is to be read. The type must support the AsyncReadStream concept.

buffers

One or more buffers into which the data will be read. The sum of the buffer sizes indicates the maximum number of bytes to read from the stream. Although the buffers object may be copied as necessary, ownership of the underlying memory blocks is retained by the caller, which must guarantee that they remain valid until the completion handler is called.

completion_condition

The function object to be called to determine whether the read operation is complete. The signature of the function object must be:

std::size_t completion_condition(
  // Result of latest async_read_some operation.
  const boost::system::error_code& error,

  // Number of bytes transferred so far.
  std::size_t bytes_transferred
);

A return value of 0 indicates that the read operation is complete. A non-zero return value indicates the maximum number of bytes to be read on the next call to the stream's async_read_some function.

token

The completion token that will be used to produce a completion handler, which will be called when the read completes. Potential completion tokens include use_future, use_awaitable, yield_context, or a function object with the correct completion signature. The function signature of the completion handler must be:

void handler(
  // Result of operation.
  const boost::system::error_code& error,

  // Number of bytes copied into the buffers. If an error
  // occurred, this will be the number of bytes successfully
  // transferred prior to the error.
  std::size_t bytes_transferred
);

Regardless of whether the asynchronous operation completes immediately or not, the completion handler will not be invoked from within this function. On immediate completion, invocation of the handler will be performed in a manner equivalent to using post.

Completion Signature
void(boost::system::error_code, std::size_t)
Example

To read into a single data buffer use the buffer function as follows:

boost::asio::async_read(s,
    boost::asio::buffer(data, size),
    boost::asio::transfer_at_least(32),
    handler);

See the buffer documentation for information on reading into multiple buffers in one go, and how to use it with arrays, boost::array or std::vector.

Per-Operation Cancellation

This asynchronous operation supports cancellation for the following cancellation_type values:

if they are also supported by the AsyncReadStream type's async_read_some operation.


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