Boost C++ Libraries

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This is the documentation for a snapshot of the develop branch, built from commit 6ce15319e8.
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read_until (5 of 24 overloads)

Read data into a dynamic buffer sequence until some part of the data it contains matches a regular expression.

template<
    typename SyncReadStream,
    typename DynamicBuffer_v1>
std::size_t read_until(
    SyncReadStream & s,
    DynamicBuffer_v1 && buffers,
    const boost::regex & expr,
    typename constraint< is_dynamic_buffer_v1< typename decay< DynamicBuffer_v1 >::type >::value >::type  = 0,
    typename constraint< !is_dynamic_buffer_v2< typename decay< DynamicBuffer_v1 >::type >::value >::type  = 0);

This function is used to read data into the specified dynamic buffer sequence until the dynamic buffer sequence's get area contains some data that matches a regular expression. The call will block until one of the following conditions is true:

This operation is implemented in terms of zero or more calls to the stream's read_some function. If the dynamic buffer sequence's get area already contains data that matches the regular expression, the function returns immediately.

Parameters

s

The stream from which the data is to be read. The type must support the SyncReadStream concept.

buffers

A dynamic buffer sequence into which the data will be read.

expr

The regular expression.

Return Value

The number of bytes in the dynamic buffer sequence's get area up to and including the substring that matches the regular expression.

Exceptions

boost::system::system_error

Thrown on failure.

Remarks

After a successful read_until operation, the dynamic buffer sequence may contain additional data beyond that which matched the regular expression. An application will typically leave that data in the dynamic buffer sequence for a subsequent read_until operation to examine.

Example

To read data into a std::string until a CR-LF sequence is encountered:

std::string data;
std::size_t n = boost::asio::read_until(s,
    boost::asio::dynamic_buffer(data), boost::regex("\r\n"));
std::string line = data.substr(0, n);
data.erase(0, n);

After the read_until operation completes successfully, the string data contains the delimiter:

{ 'a', 'b', ..., 'c', '\r', '\n', 'd', 'e', ... }

The call to substr then extracts the data up to and including the delimiter, so that the string line contains:

{ 'a', 'b', ..., 'c', '\r', '\n' }

After the call to erase, the remaining data is left in the buffer b as follows:

{ 'd', 'e', ... }

This data may be the start of a new line, to be extracted by a subsequent read_until operation.


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