Boost C++ Libraries of the most highly regarded and expertly designed C++ library projects in the world. Herb Sutter and Andrei Alexandrescu, C++ Coding Standards

This is the documentation for a snapshot of the develop branch, built from commit c5994560ca.

Class access

boost::contract::access — Declare this class as friend to program invariants and base types as private members.


// In header: <boost/contract/core/access.hpp>

class access {


Declare this class a friend of the user-defined class specifying the contracts and then invariant functions and the base types typedef can be declared as non-public members:

class u
    #define BASES public b, private w
    : BASES
    friend class boost::contract::access;

    typedef BOOST_CONTRACT_BASE_TYPES(BASES) base_types; // Private.
    #undef BASES

    void invariant() const { ... } // Private (same for static and volatile).


In real code, programmers will likely chose to declare this class as friend so to fully control public interfaces of their user-defined classes (this is not extensively done in the examples of this documentation only for brevity). This class is not intended to be directly used by programmers a part from being declared as friend (and that is why this class does not have any public member and it is not copyable).

[Warning] Warning

Not declaring this class friend of user-defined classes will cause compiler errors on some compilers (e.g., MSVC) because the private members needed to check the contracts will not be accessible. On other compilers (e.g., GCC and CLang), the private access will instead fail SFINAE and no compiler error will be reported while invariants and subcontracting will be silently skipped at run-time. Therefore, programmers must make sure to either declare this class as friend or to always declare invariant functions and base types typedef as public members.

See Also:

Access Specifiers