Boost C++ Libraries

...one of the most highly regarded and expertly designed C++ library projects in the world. Herb Sutter and Andrei Alexandrescu, C++ Coding Standards

This is the documentation for a snapshot of the develop branch, built from commit 65eb09a2c6.
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Safe Numerics

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native

Description

This type contains the functions to return a safe type corresponding to the C++ type resulting from a given arithmetic operation.

Usage of this policy with safe types will produce the exact same arithmetic results that using normal unsafe integer types will. Hence this policy is suitable as a drop-in replacement for these unsafe types. Its main function is to trap incorrect arithmetic results when using C++ for integer arithmetic.

Model of

PromotionPolicy

As an example of how this works consider C++ rules from section 5 of the standard - "usual arithmetic conversions".

void int f(int x, int y){
    auto z = x + y; // z will be of type "int"
    return z;
}

According to these rules, z will be of type int. Depending on the values of x and y, z may or may not contain the correct arithmetic result of the operation x + y.

using safe_int = safe<int, native>;
void int f(safe_int x, safe_int y){
    auto z = x + y; // z will be of type "safe_int"
    return z;
}
Example of use

The following example illustrates the native type being passed as a template parameter for the type safe<int>. This example is slightly contrived in that safe<int> has native as its default promotion parameter so explicitly using native is not necessary.

#include <cassert>
#include <boost/safe_numerics/safe_integer.hpp> 
#include <boost/safe_numerics/native.hpp> 
int main(){
    using namespace boost::numeric;
    // use native promotion policy where C++ standard arithmetic 
    // might lead to incorrect results
    using safe_int8 = safe<std::int8_t, native>;
    try{
        safe_int8 x = 127;
        safe_int8 y = 2;
        safe_int8 z;
        // rather than producing an invalid result an exception is thrown
        z = x + y;
        assert(false); // never arrive here
    }
    catch(std::exception & e){
        // which we can catch here
        std::cout << e.what() << std::endl;
    }

    // When result is an int, C++ promotion rules guarentee 
    // that there will be no incorrect result.
    // In such cases, there is no runtime overhead from using safe types.
    safe_int8 x = 127;
    safe_int8 y = 2;
    safe<int, native> z; // z can now hold the result of the addition of any two 8 bit numbers
    z = x + y; // is guaranteed correct without any runtime overhead or exception.

    return 0;
}
Notes

See Chapter 5, Expressions, C++ Standard

Header

#include <boost/numeric/safe_numerics/native.hpp>


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