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Class windows_shared_memory

boost::interprocess::windows_shared_memory

Synopsis

// In header: <boost/interprocess/windows_shared_memory.hpp>


class windows_shared_memory {
public:
  // construct/copy/destruct
  windows_shared_memory();
  windows_shared_memory(create_only_t, const char *, mode_t, std::size_t, 
                        const permissions & = permissions());
  windows_shared_memory(open_or_create_t, const char *, mode_t, std::size_t, 
                        const permissions & = permissions());
  windows_shared_memory(open_only_t, const char *, mode_t);
  windows_shared_memory(windows_shared_memory &&);
  windows_shared_memory& operator=(windows_shared_memory &&);
  ~windows_shared_memory();

  // public member functions
  void swap(windows_shared_memory &);
  const char * get_name() const;
  mode_t get_mode() const;
  mapping_handle_t get_mapping_handle() const;
  void priv_close();
  bool priv_open_or_create(unspecified, const char *, mode_t, std::size_t, 
                           const permissions & = permissions());
  void * m_handle;
  mode_t m_mode;
  std::string m_name;
};

Description

A class that wraps the native Windows shared memory that is implemented as a file mapping of the paging file. Unlike shared_memory_object, windows_shared_memory has no kernel persistence and the shared memory is destroyed when all processes destroy all their windows_shared_memory objects and mapped regions for the same shared memory or the processes end/crash.

Warning: Windows native shared memory and interprocess portable shared memory (boost::interprocess::shared_memory_object) can't communicate between them.

windows_shared_memory public construct/copy/destruct

  1. windows_shared_memory();
    @ //Non-copyable and non-assignable

    @

    Default constructor. Represents an empty windows_shared_memory.

  2. windows_shared_memory(create_only_t, const char * name, mode_t mode, 
                          std::size_t size, 
                          const permissions & perm = permissions());

    Creates a new native shared memory with name "name" and mode "mode", with the access mode "mode". If the file previously exists, throws an error.

  3. windows_shared_memory(open_or_create_t, const char * name, mode_t mode, 
                          std::size_t size, 
                          const permissions & perm = permissions());

    Tries to create a shared memory object with name "name" and mode "mode", with the access mode "mode". If the file previously exists, it tries to open it with mode "mode". Otherwise throws an error.

  4. windows_shared_memory(open_only_t, const char * name, mode_t mode);

    Tries to open a shared memory object with name "name", with the access mode "mode". If the file does not previously exist, it throws an error.

  5. windows_shared_memory(windows_shared_memory && moved);

    Moves the ownership of "moved"'s shared memory object to *this. After the call, "moved" does not represent any shared memory object. Does not throw

  6. windows_shared_memory& operator=(windows_shared_memory && moved);

    Moves the ownership of "moved"'s shared memory to *this. After the call, "moved" does not represent any shared memory. Does not throw

  7. ~windows_shared_memory();

    Destroys *this. All mapped regions are still valid after destruction. When all mapped regions and windows_shared_memory objects referring the shared memory are destroyed, the operating system will destroy the shared memory.

windows_shared_memory public member functions

  1. void swap(windows_shared_memory & other);
    Swaps to shared_memory_objects. Does not throw.
  2. const char * get_name() const;
    Returns the name of the shared memory.
  3. mode_t get_mode() const;
    Returns access mode.
  4. mapping_handle_t get_mapping_handle() const;
    Returns the mapping handle. Never throws.
  5. void priv_close();
    @ private:

    Closes a previously opened file mapping. Never throws.

  6. bool priv_open_or_create(unspecified type, const char * filename, mode_t mode, 
                             std::size_t size, 
                             const permissions & perm = permissions());
    Closes a previously opened file mapping. Never throws.

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