Boost C++ Libraries

...one of the most highly regarded and expertly designed C++ library projects in the world. Herb Sutter and Andrei Alexandrescu, C++ Coding Standards

PrevUpHomeNext

hex

The header file 'boost/algorithm/hex.hpp' contains three variants each of two algorithms, hex and unhex. They are inverse algorithms; that is, one undoes the effort of the other. hex takes a sequence of values, and turns them into hexadecimal characters. unhex takes a sequence of hexadecimal characters, and outputs a sequence of values.

hex and unhex come from MySQL, where they are used in database queries and stored procedures.

interface

The function hex takes a sequence of values and writes hexadecimal characters. There are three different interfaces, differing only in how the input sequence is specified.

The first one takes an iterator pair. The second one takes a pointer to the start of a zero-terminated sequence, such as a c string, and the third takes a range as defined by the Boost.Range library.

template <typename InputIterator, typename OutputIterator>
OutputIterator hex ( InputIterator first, InputIterator last, OutputIterator out );

template <typename T, typename OutputIterator>
OutputIterator hex ( const T *ptr, OutputIterator out );

template <typename Range, typename OutputIterator>
OutputIterator hex ( const Range &r, OutputIterator out );

hex writes only values in the range '0'..'9' and 'A'..'F', but is not limited to character output. The output iterator could refer to a wstring, or a vector of integers, or any other integral type.

The function unhex takes the output of hex and turns it back into a sequence of values.

The input parameters for the different variations of unhex are the same as hex.

template <typename InputIterator, typename OutputIterator>
OutputIterator unhex ( InputIterator first, InputIterator last, OutputIterator out );

template <typename T, typename OutputIterator>
OutputIterator unhex ( const T *ptr, OutputIterator out );

template <typename Range, typename OutputIterator>
OutputIterator unhex ( const Range &r, OutputIterator out );

Error Handling

The header 'hex.hpp' defines three exception classes:

struct hex_decode_error: virtual boost::exception, virtual std::exception {};
struct not_enough_input : public hex_decode_error;
struct non_hex_input : public hex_decode_error;

If the input to unhex does not contain an "even number" of hex digits, then an exception of type boost::algorithm::not_enough_input is thrown.

If the input to unhex contains any non-hexadecimal characters, then an exception of type boost::algorithm::non_hex_input is thrown.

If you want to catch all the decoding errors, you can catch exceptions of type boost::algorithm::hex_decode_error.

Examples

Assuming that out is an iterator that accepts char values, and wout accepts wchar_t values (and that sizeof ( wchar_t ) == 2)

hex ( "abcdef", out )  --> "616263646566"
hex ( "32", out )     --> "3332"
hex ( "abcdef", wout ) --> "006100620063006400650066"
hex ( "32", wout )    --> "00330032"

unhex ( "616263646566", out )  --> "abcdef"
unhex ( "3332", out )          --> "32"
unhex ( "616263646566", wout ) --> "\6162\6364\6566"	( i.e, a 3 character string )
unhex ( "3332", wout )         --> "\3233"				( U+3332, SQUARE HUARADDO )

unhex ( "3", out )            --> Error - not enough input
unhex ( "32", wout )          --> Error - not enough input

unhex ( "ACEG", out )         --> Error - non-hex input

Iterator Requirements

hex and unhex work on all iterator types.

Complexity

All of the variants of hex and unhex run in O(N) (linear) time; that is, that is, they process each element in the input sequence once.

Exception Safety

All of the variants of hex and unhex take their parameters by value or const reference, and do not depend upon any global state. Therefore, all the routines in this file provide the strong exception guarantee. However, when working on input iterators, if an exception is thrown, the input iterators will not be reset to their original values (i.e, the characters read from the iterator cannot be un-read)

Notes

PrevUpHomeNext